1975 年 46 巻 2 号 p. 83-90
The validity of the Gestalt psychologists' assumption of the dual process in pattern recognition, i.e., articulation and identification, and the temporal precedence of the former was investigated by a psychological experiment and computer simulation on letter segmentation of cursive scripts. To test the possibility of letter segmentation without the identification process, children in a kindergarten who had never learned the alphabet were given a segmentation test. It was found that they can partition the script into letters almost as well as the adults except those scripts containing m or w. A segmentation model based on the 4 factors selected from the Gestalt factors was formulated and was simulated by a digital computer. It could partition correctly 95 percent of scripts and missed the segmentation of the same kind of scripts that children missed.