2021 年 61 巻 2 号 p. 85-92
Necrotizing lymphadenitis (NEL) is a self-limited systemic disease exhibiting characteristic clinical features. The pathogenesis of the disease remains unclear, but it may be associated with viral infection. In lymph nodes affected by this disease, innumerable plasmacytoid dendritic cells produce interferon-α when triggered by certain viral stimuli. IFN-α presents antigens causing the transformation of CD8+ cells into immunoblasts and apoptosis of CD4+ cells. From the perspective of innate immunity, UNC93B1, an endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-resident protein, associates more strongly with TLR9 than TLR7. Homeostasis is maintained under normal conditions. However, in NEL, TLR 7 was observed more than TLR 9, possibly because mutant type UNC93B1 associates more tightly with TLR7. The inhibitory effects against TLR7 by TLR9 were reported to disappear. It is likely that more TLR7 than TLR9 is transported from the ER to endolysosomes. In conclusion, overexpression of TLR7, an innate immune sensor of microbial single-stranded RNA, is inferred. Consequently, NEL may be induced.