Volume 34 (2017) Pages 248-257
We present a study of efficient dispersion of an impact onto structured and potentially scalable granular beds. We use discrete element method based dynamical simulations of shock wave propagation and dispersion in 2D and 3D arrangements of granular spheres. The spheres are geometrically packed in a nested columnar structure, which leads to the severe attenuation and spreading of the incident energy within the structure. We further show that by incorporating inhomogeneity in material properties, or by introducing layers of a dissimilar material in the middle of the arrangement, impact mitigation can be enhanced significantly. Such an arrangement can therefore be useful in the design of effective impact decimation systems. Using a 2D arrangement we first show the basic idea behind impact dispersion in such an arrangement. With this understanding the system is scaled to 3D. The influence of the system size and material properties on the wave propagation within the packing is also presented.