KONA Powder and Particle Journal
Online ISSN : 2187-5537
Print ISSN : 0288-4534
ISSN-L : 0288-4534
Review Papers
Recent Research Trend in Powder Process Technology for High-Performance Rare-Earth Permanent Magnets
Kenta Takagi Yusuke HirayamaShusuke OkadaAkihide HosokawaWataru Yamaguchi
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2023 Volume 40 Pages 74-93


Higher performance is constantly required in rare earth permanent magnets, which are an indispensable component of the motors of electric vehicles. When producing sintered magnets, advanced structural control is necessary in the powder metallurgy process in order to achieve high performance. Especially in recent years, it has become important to develop processes for Sm-Fe-N magnets and metastable phase magnets as next-generation magnets to replace the Nd-Fe-B magnets. Because the crystal grain refinement of sintered magnets is most effective for improving coercivity, production methods for raw powders have evolved from the traditional pulverization to chemical synthesis approaches, and as a result, a submicron-sized Sm-Fe-N powder with huge coercivity has been developed. State-of-the-art physical synthesis methods have also been applied successfully to the synthesis of nanopowders. Since control of the grain boundary is very effective in Nd-Fe-B magnets, this approach has also been evolved to Sm-Fe-N magnets by nano coating. On the other hand, since technologies for crystalline orientation control and high-density sintering are indispensable for improvement of remanence, new low-thermal load consolidation techniques such as spark plasma sintering are being developed for Sm-Fe-N magnets and metastable phase magnets in order to overcome the inherent low thermal stability of these materials.

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