2021 年 75 巻 2 号 p. 81-101
The history of the Japan Academy goes back to the Tokyo Academy that was founded in 1879, up to ten years before the establishment of the Meiji Constitution (1889). When it was founded, it had Western academies as its model. After that it became the Imperial Academy in 1906 through its reorganization under the Meiji Constitution, and carried out activities within the country as an academy, and it also joined the Internationale Assoziation der Akademien (International Association of Academies) in the same year. Under the Constitution of Japan established after World War II (1946), the Science Council of Japan was set up as an institution representing Japan’s scientists in and out of the country. With this, the Imperial Academy was renamed as the Japan Academy and placed within the Science Council of Japan. After that the Japan Academy Act was established, and the Japan Academy drew away from the Science Council and became an independent institution for the preferential treatment of especially accomplished scientists, and it has carried on like this until today. According to the Japan Academy Act, the Academy aims to not only give privileges to scientists, but to also carry out work that is necessary for contributing to the development of science. As part of the international exchange of science, they have joined the Union Académique Internationale (which will henceforth be shortened to “UAI”) and have held the UAI General Assembly in Tokyo in 2017.
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