During school lunch, in the case of anaphylactic shock and other crises, rapid response is essential. Through consideration of case-studies, this research examines food allergy teachers' training in elementary schools as a means of crisis preparation and prevention.
Analysis of survey results gathered from a school nurse in “A” City in 2014 regarding food-allergy near-miss incidents, revealed that there are a number of issues in schools regarding the approach and reaction to food-allergy crises as well as the first-aid treatment. In response to this situation, the author of this study developed a training program to share with “A” City Elementary Schools (two small, one medium-sized school, and one large school with a total of 100 teachers). In 2016, the same teacher-training was conducted in order to determine its effectiveness.
From the survey results, at the smaller schools, compared to the teachers who experienced the food-allergy training, the teachers who had not experienced the food-allergy training were more likely to select “no interest” when given the option of participating in food-allergy training session. Also, teachers who had participated in the training established clearer roles and procedures for times of conflict, and further refined their methods of risk prevention. Following the training, the number of teachers with knowledge regarding risk prevention, increased, and the largest increase was found in the number of teachers interested in pursuing training regarding risk-prevention organizational structures.
Additionally, based on the results of the teachers’ written responses, there appears to be a high demand for simulation training in addition to theoretical training.
The purpose of this study was not only to investigate the basketball activity of the Y- kindergarten, but also to intend to the further spread of basketball in Japan from the infancy. The method was two times of observation and interview to a Mini-Basketball coach and a director. As a result, Y-kindergarten there being a coach of the Mini-Basketball and basket goal set up both indoors and outdoors, help pre-school children to grow through playing basketball. In the future, in order for basketball to become more widespread in Japan, it became clear that it was necessary to experience Mini-Basketball from early age and to set Mini-Basketball goals in each kindergarten and nursery schools.