Changes in he collective bargaining systems h Europe are generally described as
decentralization compared to other countries in Europe, howevet the development
of German collective bargaining system showed its relative stabilty in the past
decades. Some authors characterized this development as " organized
deccntralization" or " controlled decentralintion." Purpose of this paper is to clarify
the institutional conditions at the plant level which enabled such a development.
This paper presents, frstly, the results of empirical research which includes seven electrical plants, followed by analysis which ascertained " organized decentralizatione." It is found that tte collcctive agreements are highly accepted at the plant level both by employers and by workers. It is also stressed that a high plant-level presence of the trade unions plays a signiflcant role in this situation.
On the basis of the empirical research, it is argued that two institutional conditions are important at the plant level: the co-determination and the flexible training system. Finally, the future of the German sytteml is examined by taking the impacts of such phenomena into consideration as outsourcing or dowrn-sizing, development from secondary toward tertiarysector in the industrial structure as well as high rate
This is the report of the participant observation of a white-collared empployee at a
Japanese city bank.This observatim has been conducted for 39 months in one of the major city banks in Tokyo, Japan. It was made on the author himself who started out his career at the bank ln 1989 and quit in 1992. Inside a Japanese company, how do the daily workings go on, and what are the consciousness and feelings of their employees like? These are what focused me on this survey. And these misunderstandings are imperative for the inquiry of Labor Ethos of the Japanese white-collared employces through the regid and minute employee research, th e author believes. The description was set up by way of the recollecting method.
This paper is the succeeding part of th study note, " The Days in Japanese Bank " in ."Japanese Journal of Labor Sociology 1 :26-50. "