[Purpose] The aim of this study was to clarify the effect of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for anxiety in
caregivers of persons with dementia. [Method] A systematic review of English-language studies was performed
following the guidelines of the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions. The databases PubMed,
CINAHL, MEDLINE, and Cochrane Library were used. Studies of CBT interventions for anxiety in dementia caregivers
were examined. Three randomized controlled trials met the eligibility criteria and were reviewed by two researchers.
Studies were evaluated in terms of the outcome and the risk of bias. [Results] Although the frequency and duration
of the CBT interventions differed across the three studies, all three reported some reduction in anxiety after the
intervention. [Conclusions] The findings indicate that CBT has a positive effect on anxiety in dementia caregivers;
however, additional randomized controlled trials are needed to fully determine the usefulness of CBT.
AIM: The purpose of this study was to determine the trends in research on high- and intermediate-fidelity
simulation-based learning in undergraduate nursing education during the last decade in Japan. METHODS: A review
was conducted of studies published in the ICHUSHI (Japan Medical Abstract) database. We searched the database
using simulation education, basic nursing education, etc, as keywords. Then, we focused on the literature using a
medium/high fidelity simulator. Studies in the psychiatric, maternity, pediatric and public health fields were excluded.
The literature was analyzed using thematic analysis. FINDINGS: A total of 16 articles were identified and categorized,
and the following four categories were extracted: clarification of the contents of learning and experiences of the
students, outcomes of simulation-based learning, the physiological and mental effects of simulation-training, and
development and evaluation of a simulation program and assessment tools. The former two categories accounted
for 13 cases. DISCUSSION: There was much research on clarification of the contents of learning and experiences of
the students, and outcomes of simulation-based learning, so the high interest of researchers could be inferred. In the future, it is necessary to compare before and after the intervention, objective evaluation, and program development based on theoretical background.
In keeping with changes in the social environment, even in basic nursing education, training is deemed necessary
for human resources to respond appropriately to people living in the community. Accordingly, further educational
improvement is deemed necessary in home-based nursing theory, based on studies on the contents of practical training at visiting nursing stations, which are central platforms for training. As a preliminary step in studying the contents of the curriculum, this study aimed to elucidate future issues based on the trends of research on practical training at visiting nursing stations. It was observed that while there were many studies on topics such as " what students learned through practical training " , " actual status of assistance provided and nursing skill experienced in practical training " , " practical training methods and student status " , and " degree of satisfaction in practical training " , there were few studies related to practical training management from the training facility / instructor's perspective. The results suggest that, taking into account the changes in the expected role of a visiting nursing station in practical training as a result of societal changes in the future, urgent study is necessary on the detailed contents of support for practical training instructors, such as collaboration between instructors and faculty, and the associated coordination systems.