コミュニティ心理学研究
Online ISSN : 2434-2041
Print ISSN : 1342-8691
16 巻 , 1 号
選択された号の論文の9件中1~9を表示しています
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資料
  • 飯田 敏晴, いとう たけひこ, 井上 孝代
    2012 年 16 巻 1 号 p. 39-54
    発行日: 2012/09/28
    公開日: 2019/06/21
    ジャーナル フリー

    The number of people living with HIV/AIDS has been increasing in Japan. In the present study, HIV Self-Image Scale (HIVSIS), a scale to measure self-image based upon the assumptions that one is infected with HIV, was developed. The purpose of developing HIVSIS was to utilize it when designing a community based HIV prevention and./or intervention program. In Study 1, the items for HIVSIS were generated based on the free-text data collected from 263 university students. In Study 2, exploratory factor analysis was conducted and four fact on were extracted: social isolation, physical vulnerability, changes in attitude toward life, and intimacy. The reliability of HIVSIS was assessed using Cranach’s coefficient alpha. Results showed sufficient internal consistencies for the scale (0.81, 0.78, 0.83, and 0.76 for sub scales; 0.78 for the whole scale). In Study3, the validity of HIVSIS was examined by comparing it to perceived community stigma, perceived social support, HIV/AIDS related knowledge, general self efficacy, and voluntary intention to seek for counseling and HIV antibody test. The results showed HIVSIS had sound concurrent validity between the variables.

  • 髙尾 堅司, 前田 真子
    2012 年 16 巻 1 号 p. 55-64
    発行日: 2012/09/28
    公開日: 2019/06/21
    ジャーナル フリー

    This study examined the relationship between residents’ bewilderment in cemeteries construction as well as the need to sustain their residential environment, particularly in terms of gender and age. A questionnaire survey was administered to residents of Hiroshima City. The respondents rated the extent to which the degree of bewilderment in cemeteries construction and their need to sustain the local community’s environment through a crime prevention system and collect garbage. The results showed that bewilderment in cemeteries construction correlated with needs of taking measures for crime prevention. However, the correlation did not show both male and under 60 age respondents. These findings suggest that taking crime prevention measures in the local community focusing on demographic factors is crucially important in the making and execution of cemeteries construction.

事例報告
  • 荊木 まき子, 森田 英嗣
    2012 年 16 巻 1 号 p. 65-78
    発行日: 2012/09/28
    公開日: 2019/06/21
    ジャーナル フリー

    The concept “collaboration” is becoming an important keyword for school psychologists and teachers creating educational counseling system at school. In this case study, a second grade primary school class (N=31) faced a crisis: The students were out of control. A psychologist (the leading author) collaborated with newly appointed homeroom teacher in their class activities and implemented 21 programs, 11 separate times. Additionally, the psychologist assessed Q-U test (Questionnaire-Utilities; 4 times) and classroom management test (2 times), and conferred with the teacher about the program’s psychological effect. As a result of this collaboration, the class regained stability. The prior phase, the psychologist invited the teacher to collaborate in a Consultee-centered case consultation which the teacher would not have been able to do alone. The later phase, as a consequence of the collaboration, the teacher has realized significant improvements in her classroom management style. The present study suggested that Consultee-centered case consultation can be very effective in helping teachers maintain stability and harmony in their classes. We strongly believe support and collaboration is necessary for newly-appointed teachers with limited experience.

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