Two bopyrid isopods, Metaphrixus setouchiensis sp. nov. and Bopyrina ocellata (Czerniavsky, 1868) were obtained from a caridean shrimp Hippolyte sp. collected from the Sargassum bed in the Seto Inland Sea, western Japan. Metaphrixus setouchiensis is the first record of the genus from Japan. The new species differs from its congeners in having indistinct head, the articulated antenna 1, and presence of dorsolateral bosses on the pereon. Bopyrina ocellata is redescribed using newly collected specimens.
A taxonomic study on the genus Phora from Nepal, Taiwan and neighbouring countries is reported. The following 15 species are described as new to science: Phora fulvipennis, P. nepalensis, P. acuminata, P. glebiata, P. paricauda, P. salpana and P. tenuifprceps from Nepal; P. fensestrata, P. shirozui, P. subconvaUium, P. taiwana and P. tattakana from Taiwan; P. acerosa from Nepal and Taiwan; P. digitiformis from Nepal and Myanmar; and Phora orientis from Korea and China. The Chinese R capillosa Schmitz is redescribed and illustrated for male genitalia. A key to the males of the species in the present study is provided.
The Japanese micropterigid moths are revised. Seventeen species in five genera are recognized from Japan, described or redescribed with the male and female genital figures. Of these, two genera, Issikiomartyria Hashimoto and Kurokopteryx Hashimoto, and seven species, Issikiomartyria akemiae Hashimoto, Issikiomartyria plicata Hashimoto, Issikiomartyria distincta Hashimoto, Issikiomartyria bisegmentata Hashimoto, Kurokopteryx dolichocerata Hashimoto, Neomicropteryx kiwana Hashimoto, and Neomicropteryx redacta Hashimoto, are new to science. A new combination is given: lssikiomartyria nudata (Issiki). Biology and immature structures of the Japanese species are also described together with the keys to genera and to species provided on the basis of the adult characters. Phylogenetic relationships among the Northern Hemisphere genera are analyzed by the cladistic analysis using PAUP* (Swofford, 2002) based on the morphological characters of adults. A monophyly of the Northern Hemisphere genera except for Micropterix is supported by nine apomorphies, but their immediate sister taxon remains unresolved.
Bat surveys were conducted in an agricultural field and an urban area of West Java, Indonesia, in June and July of 2003. In total, 74 individuals of 12 species in nine genera representing five families, including microbats and megabats, were captured by mist-netting and by hand. Three species that visited flowers were photo-trapped.
Surveys of mammalian fauna were conducted at a coconut palm plantation in West Java, Indonesia, in 2003 and 2004. Twelve species of terrestrial and arboreal mammals were recorded from photo-traps and sightings.