The effects of the wall-like assembly exhibition, which is the exhibition method using large amount and various kind of real specimens and less explanations, on visitor's perception and concerns of living things were analyzed by using the questionnaire survey at ‘Insect exhibition' held at the Kitakyushu Museum of Natural History and Human History. Results of the questionnaire survey on the wall-like assembly exhibition suggested that the exhibition gave viewers not only the interest and excitement in looking rare creatures, but also interests and excitements in the beauty and interesting biological features of living things. Thus, this exhibition could be the effective methods giving various and deep perception and concerns of living things on visitors.
Phenomenon of stranding marine organism has usually occurred in Japan, mainly caused by seasonal wind in winter or typhoon in summer and fall. Twenty-one species belonging to four families (Moringuidae, Muraenidae, Ophichthidae and Congridae) of Anguilliformes were confirmed as fresh stranded specimens from Ryukyu Islands, southern Japan in January 2016. It is strongly suggested that fishes were in a state of apparent death or died in the extremely low water temperature cooled by a serious cold wave which covered Ryukyu Islands. In the series of the stranded specimens, one specimen of Cirrhimuraena playfairii (Günther, 1870) and four specimens of Yirrkala misolensis (Günther, 1872) were included; they represent the first records of these two species from Japanese waters.
Three species of the Family Plexauridae, genus Echinomuricea, Ec. peterseni Hedlund, 1890 and Ec. sp. aff. spinifera Nutting, 1910, and genus Euplexaura, Eu. abietina Kükenthal, 1908, were collected from Yamaguchi Prefecture at a depth 1–123 m. In the previous studies, Ec. peterseni had been reported from Sagami Bay, Hirado and Hong Kong, Eu. abietina from Sagami Bay and South Korea, but no reports had been known from the waters around Yamaguchi Prefecture. The present study updated the minimum depth record of Ec. peterseni and Eu. abietina. The specimens reported in the study represents the first records of three species from Yamaguchi Prefecture.
A rostrum of a suliform bird from the Lower Oligocene Yamaga Formation of Ashiya Group in Ainoshima Island, Fukuoka Prefecture, Kyushu, southwestern Japan is briefly described. The present specimen (KMNH VP 600013) is slender and flat, with a strongly curved rostral tip, a sharply-defined longitudinal groove, and apertura nasi ossea that were likely extremely reduced or absent.
Amphipholis kochii Lütken, 1872 is redescribed based on two discovered specimens from the Sagami Bay, central-eastern Japan. Detailed morphology of internal ossicles as well as external features and sequence of mitochondrial COI gene of A. kochii is provided for the first time.