Species Diversity
Online ISSN : 2189-7301
Print ISSN : 1342-1670
最新号
選択された号の論文の3件中1~3を表示しています
  • Koichi Hoshino, Kunpei Kosaka, Kota Sawada, Masashi Kiyota
    2022 年 27 巻 1 号 p. 1-13
    発行日: 2022/01/01
    公開日: 2022/01/01
    ジャーナル フリー

    An oreosomatid of the genus Allocyttus McCulloch, 1914 is fished commercially on the Emperor Seamounts. However, the species’ identity is uncertain, as is the taxonomy of the oreosomatid species of the seas around Japan, where the names Allocyttus verrucosus Gilchrist, 1906 (type locality: off South Africa) and A. folletti Myers, 1960 (type locality: off California) have both been used. From its anticipated susceptibility to over-exploitation, it is urgent to establish the correct taxonomic identity to facilitate effective management measures. Meristics, morphometrics and scale characters of the specimens from the Emperor Seamounts and Japan agreed well with data of the holotype of A. folletti and differed from those of A. verrucosus, confirming that those specimens represent A. folletti. Oreosomatids reported from the western North Pacific in the literature were identified as A. folletti. From the data of the present study and historical references, A. folletti is thought to be distinguished from A. verrucosus by the following characters: more dorsal- and anal- spines+rays (36–42 vs. 33–38 and 31–35 vs. 27–33 respectively), more total vertebrae (37–41 vs. 34–38), greater numbers of enlarged scales of dorsal- (S-DFB) and anal-fin base (S-AFB) (31–42 vs. 26–31, and 29–37 vs. 25–28 respectively), more spines on the margin of S-DFB and S-AFB (up to 7–12 vs. 3–6), a shorter preanal-fin length (53.8–63.6% vs. 64.8–83.7% of SL), a longer caudal peduncle (10.4–15.6% vs. 6.1–10.2% of SL), a shorter head (32.9–40.4% vs. 38.5–48.4% of SL), and cycloid scales on the mid-side of body (vs. ctenoid). Available data indicate that A. folletti reaches up to 537 mm SL, larger than A. verrucosus (up to ca. 325 mm SL). From the anticipated slow growth and longevity, concern is raised regarding the susceptibility of A. folletti to over-exploitation.

  • Ryuichi Nakagawa, You Sakurai, Hiroyuki Motomura
    2022 年 27 巻 1 号 p. 15-23
    発行日: 2022/01/01
    公開日: 2022/01/01
    ジャーナル フリー

    Seven specimens (149.0–221.2 mm standard length) of Pristipomoides amoenus (Snyder, 1911), previously known only from Okinawa-jima and Ishigaki-jima islands, southern Ryukyu Islands, Okinawa Prefecture, Japan, were collected from other regions of Japan (Amami-oshima island, Amami Islands, Kagoshima Prefecture), Taiwan (Dong-gang, Pingtung), the Philippines (Iloilo, Panay Island), and Fiji (Viti Levu Island), thereby representing the first records of the species from outside Okinawa Prefecture. The Amami-oshima and Fijian specimens also represent the northernmost and first Southern Hemisphere records, respectively, for the species. Comparison of these plus newly collected specimens from the southern Ryukyu Islands (herein described in detail) with the closely related species Pristipomoides argyrogrammicus (Valenciennes in Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1832) revealed the following hitherto unrecognized diagnostic color features of P. amoenus: a few small silvery-blue blotches present inside yellow saddles on dorsum; small silvery-blue blotches below trunk lateral line absent or indistinct; a distinct line (formed by small silvery-blue blotches) absent on lower caudal peduncle; a large silvery-blue blotch present on upper opercle, extending anteriorly beyond preopercular margin; a line formed by small silvery-blue blotches on upper caudal peduncle ending at upper caudal-fin base; a pair of lines formed by small silvery-blue blotches along dorsal-fin base (dorsal view); a larger pair of elliptical silvery-blue blotches on occipital region (all silvery-blue blotches retained as dark-brown blotches after preservation). Pristipomoides argyrogrammicus is newly recorded from the Tokara Islands, northern Ryukyu Islands, Japan.

  • Hiroshi Kajihara
    2022 年 27 巻 1 号 p. 25-35
    発行日: 2022/01/01
    公開日: 2022/01/01
    ジャーナル フリー

    The three heteronemertean nominal species Ascaris longissima Gunnerus, 1770, Borlasia angliae Oken, 1815, and Nemertes borlasii Cuvier, 1816 have been considered as synonymous, denoting the same species to which the valid name Lineus longissimus (Gunnerus, 1770) has been applied. These three nominal species are the type species of the genus-group names Lineus Sowerby, 1806, Borlasia Oken, 1815, and Nemertes Cuver, 1816, respectively, which are in turn the type genera of the family-group names Lineidae McIntosh, 1874, Borlasiidae Diesing, 1862, and Nemertidae Ehrenberg, 1831. Therefore, Lineus Sowerby, 1806 (currently in use) is a senior subjective synonym of Borlasia Oken, 1815 and Nemertes Cuvier, 1816 (both currently not in use), while Lineidae McIntosh, 1874 (currently in use) is a junior subjective synonym of Borlasiidae Diesing, 1862 and Nemertidae Ehrenberg, 1831 (both currently not in use); in addition, Micruridae Ehrenberg, 1831 (not in use) is also a senior synonym of Lineidae McIntosh, 1874. Borlasiidae Diesing, 1862 and Nemertidae Ehrenberg, 1831 have not been used as valid after 1899, while Lineidae McIntosh, 1874 has been used in at least 216 works published by 437 authors since 1971 until 2021, thus satisfying the conditions stipulated in Article 23.9.1 of the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature. Borlasiidae Diesing, 1862 and Nemertidae Ehrenberg, 1831 are herein declared nomina oblita with respect to Lineidae McIntosh, 1874, the latter being regarded as a nomen protectum under Article 23.9.2 of the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature. However, reversed precedence of Lineidae McIntosh, 1874 over its senior synonym Micruridae Ehrenberg, 1831 requires a ruling by the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature, as the latter name was used as valid between 1998 and 2009

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