1954 年 25 巻 3 号 p. 174-180
1. Problem. The purpose of this experiment was to determine the individual's loadings of the type-factors in the social attitudes, using Q-technique of factor analysis. The various problems involved in the Q-technique were summarized. Those problems, for example, were the relationship between R-technique and Q-technique, and the method of small sampling, etc. However, the main purpose of this report was to throw some light on the “Type-factors”in the various social attitudes. It should be noted, therefore, that those controversial points were not thoroughly (discussed here in this article). But, for the time being, we followed the suggestion of Stephenson and Koga that Q-technique is in keeping with the modern logic of scientific method and offers almost unlimitedly promising perspective for an experimental approach to psychology.
2. Procedure and results. 20 males and 20 females were selected randomly from 781 students in fourteen universities and one high school. The used attitude scales were the same in the second report. These, attitude scale values were ranked on the ten degrees equally, and the individual's ranking value were intercorrelated. The groups of males and females were treated separately. Then, those intercorrelation tables were factor analysed. In this experiment, we interpreted the factor before the rotation, for such the procedure has been taken in other reports in this field.
The findings were as follows :
a) We extracted two important factors and called the first factor “general and popular factor”. Namely, it seems that the individuals heavily loaded with the first factor have the general and popular social attitudes.
b) Because the individuals heavily loaded with the second factor tended to have the unpopular and independent social attitudes, we called it “unpopular independent factor”.
c) The results of the female were essentially the same as the male. But, among the female, there were the individuals we can not interprete in terms of both the first and second factors. We called this case “the uncharacteristic factor in the female”.
d) It is an interesting fact that the students occupy about 60 percentage in the first factor.