Health and Behavior Sciences
Online ISSN : 2434-7132
Print ISSN : 1348-0898
Volume 17 , Issue 1
Showing 1-2 articles out of 2 articles from the selected issue
  • Kazuhiko Yamashita, Akira Okada, Kuniko Yamashita, Hitoshi Watanabe
    2018 Volume 17 Issue 1 Pages 1-6
    Published: 2018
    Released: March 12, 2020

      One of the physiological foundations by acupuncture stimulation is believed to be due to the impact of somatosensory input on autonomic function. It is indicated that the cutaneous acupuncture stimulation in synchronization with expiration enhance the parasympathetic nervous activity and the sympathetic nervous activity while sitting posture.

      The purpose of this study was to compare with the acupuncture method and tube stimulation method. The measurements were frequency analysis of heart R - R interval variability, blood pressure, and finger - floor distance. Fifteen healthy volunteers, 20 - 26 years of age (mean age of 20.5 ± 0.3 yr.), participated in this study. Spectral analysis of heart rate variability was used to assess cardiac autonomic function. The high - frequency component (HF) reflects vagal activity, while the low - frequency component (LF) reflects both vagal activity and cardiac sympathetic activity. HF was used as an index of parasympathetic activity and LF / HF was an index of sympathetic activity.

      Acupuncture and tube stimulations in synchronization with expiration caused significantly (p < 0.01) decrease of HR and enhancement of HF, decrease of LF / HF, and increase of flexibility. Cutaneous stimulation of tube synchronized with expiration cause similarly acupuncture stimulation.

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  • Tomoko Tamaru, Yoko Honda, Yoko Aso
    2018 Volume 17 Issue 1 Pages 7-14
    Published: 2018
    Released: March 12, 2020

      The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between the frequency and continuance of low back pain (LBP) and low back loads during patient transfer in nurses working at convalescent wards. 32 female nurses participated in this study. The movement of repositioning patients up in bed carried out by nurses were scored using the transferring art movement assessment (TAMA) tool. Also, LBP existence (yes / no), frequency (at least once a day / many times a day), continuance (disappeared during the day / continued into the next day) were collected. The researcher observed the repositioning performed by nurses at the bedside. The TAMA tool scores were compared between the two groups of frequency and continuance, using the non - paired t test. We analyzed 292 transfers. The environment score of TAMA tool, of the “LBP many times a day” were significantly lower (p < 0.05), though the total score indicating the smallness of low back loads were significantly higher (p < 0.01) than that of “LBP at least once a day”. The environment score, posture stability score, movement efficiency score, and the total score of “LBP continued into the next day” were significantly higher (all p < 0.01) than those of “LBP disappeared during the day”. Also, “serious LBP” group’s total score, posture stability score, movement efficiency score were significantly higher, and the environment score was significantly lower than the others (all p < 0.01).

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