The hypothesis that parents with infants maintain or improve their well-being by modifying the allocation of five self-roles (parental, professional, spousal, regional, and individual) through childcare-related emotions was investigated. Participants were parents of infants (N=859), who responded to a web-based questionnaire survey. Results indicated differences between fathers and mothers, as well as between single- and dual-career families. Modifications in role allocation resulting from childcare-related emotions influenced parental well-being: parenting satisfaction improved parental role allocation in all three groups, except in dual-career fathers; parenting stress and satisfaction were associated with professional role allocation in dual-career mothers; and high parenting satisfaction and stress were positively associated with spousal role allocation in single-career fathers. The hypothesis of this study was supported in three groups, excluding dual-career fathers. The reasons for this exception are discussed. Findings also suggested that fathers' active involvement in child rearing enhanced the well-being of parents with infants.
We investigated the psychological distress of clinical psychologists in Kagawa Prefecture, Japan using a 6-item instrument (the K6). A total of 83 clinical psychologists (13 men and 70 women) were analyzed in this cross-sectional investigation study. The association between psychological distress and clinical factors was evaluated by using the K6 instrument. The results showed that a total of 6 clinical psychologists (7.2%) were classified as having high psychological distress. A weak relationship between K6 score and age was noted. However, relationships between K6 score and sex, duration of experience as a clinical psychologist, clinical field, and other certifications were not observed. Anxiety about preventing suicide was closely associated with K6 score. The psychological distress of clinical psychologists was not very high. Receiving supervision and participation in a case study were expected to be associated with reducing distress; however, we did not observe such results.