Journal of Health Psychology Research
Online ISSN : 2189-8804
Print ISSN : 2189-8790
ISSN-L : 2189-8804
32 巻 , Special_issue 号
選択された号の論文の15件中1~15を表示しています
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  • 田辺 肇, 德山 美知代, 福井 義一
    2020 年 32 巻 Special_issue 号 p. 99-105
    発行日: 2020/03/20
    公開日: 2020/03/20
    [早期公開] 公開日: 2019/10/31
    ジャーナル 認証あり

    Affect dysregulation is a highly significant construct among transdiagnostic pathological factors. This review first makes a brief introduction to the historical background of research and practice related to child abuse trauma and dissociation. In preceding studies, complex PTSD resulting from chronic and relational trauma was a focal construct and researchers have already adopted transdiagnostic perspectives. Subsequently, the current state of research on affect dysregulation related to child abuse trauma and dissociation are outlined. Moreover, critical commentary, especially regarding the conceptual and terminological variety and inconsistencies in research on affect dysregulation, is provided. Finally, current issues related to this topic are identified for further exploration.

  • 福井 義一
    2020 年 32 巻 Special_issue 号 p. 107-116
    発行日: 2020/03/20
    公開日: 2020/03/20
    [早期公開] 公開日: 2019/10/31
    ジャーナル 認証あり

    Increasing evidence suggests that childhood abuse is a crucial factor in different types of mental and physical illnesses and maladaptation. Therefore, clarifying the mechanisms by which childhood abuse influence health is a pressing issue in health psychology. Insecure attachment and high dissociative tendencies are known adverse effects of childhood abuse, and both these tendencies are known to form the background to physical and psychological diseases, as well as interpersonal problems in later life. Moreover, alexithymia and somatoform dissociation could also be risk factors. Summarizing the results of our previous studies indicated the following. (1) Effects of childhood abuse on dissociative tendencies mediate the insecure attachment. (2) Influence of childhood abuse on somatization mediates the insecure attachment, alexithymia, and dissociative tendencies. (3) Integrated models are possible. We have described dysregulation of the autonomic nervous system as an additional factor in the background to the deterioration of health, which could also result in interpersonal difficulties. We have suggested different perspectives for conducting future research, and proposed methods of supporting the victims of childhood abuse.

  • 松尾 和弥, 福井 義一
    2020 年 32 巻 Special_issue 号 p. 117-125
    発行日: 2020/03/20
    公開日: 2020/03/20
    [早期公開] 公開日: 2019/10/31
    ジャーナル 認証あり

    Childhood abuse is known to have a significant negative impact on social perception. Therefore, abused people have highly negative psychosocial adaptation. In this paper, we focused on facial expression recognition among social cognition and discussed interpersonal relationships of abused people. Childhood abuse encourages excessively sensitive reactions to negative facial expressions and inhibits the establishment of good relationships with others. We have discussed these reactions from the following perspectives: (1) adaptation to severe environments, (2) the lack of learning and biased learning, and (3) problems of attachment. We also examined methods of intervention for correcting problems related to the recognition of facial expressions. Finally, we have discussed possibilities for future research.

  • 大浦 真一, 松尾 和弥, 福井 義一
    2020 年 32 巻 Special_issue 号 p. 127-134
    発行日: 2020/03/20
    公開日: 2020/03/20
    [早期公開] 公開日: 2019/10/31
    ジャーナル 認証あり

    People that grow up in environments of maltreatment often have problems in their interpersonal relationships, and the lack of empathy could be a background factor in their difficulties. However, the results of recent studies have questioned this contention, and therefore, more detailed investigations are required. Experiences of maltreatment are known to negatively influence attachment, which is required to foster empathy. Therefore, we investigated the influence of maltreatment experiences on empathy via internal working models of attachment from a cognitive-emotional perspective and differences in the orientation of empathy. A questionnaire survey was conducted with university students (N=278). Results of structural equation modeling of their responses indicated that experiences of maltreatment increased self-oriented empathy through negative attachment-anxiety (model of the self). Moreover, such experiences reduced other-oriented empathy through attachment-avoidance (model of other). These results suggest that those growing up in environments of maltreatment not only lack empathy but are also unbalanced.

  • 関谷 大輝
    2020 年 32 巻 Special_issue 号 p. 135-139
    発行日: 2020/03/20
    公開日: 2020/03/20
    [早期公開] 公開日: 2019/10/31
    ジャーナル 認証あり

    Many studies have been conducted on the work-family interface in the field of occupational health psychology. However, many of the studies have treated the family role ambiguously and abstractly. Therefore, it is unclear how occupational factors affect child-rearing. The current study examined relationships in the management of occupational emotions; in particular, surface and deep acting, work-family detachment, and maladaptive child-rearing by double-income working mothers. Data of 158 participants that were rearing four- to eight-year-old first-born children were analyzed. Contrary to the hypothesis, the results indicated that there was a positive correlation between work-family detachment and maladaptive child-rearing. Hierarchical regression analysis suggested that deep acting had a negative relationship with maladaptive child-rearing, whereas surface acting showed no significant relationship with child-rearing.

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  • 尾棹 万純, 田中 佑樹, 小宮山 尚, 嶋田 洋徳
    2020 年 32 巻 Special_issue 号 p. 173-183
    発行日: 2020/03/20
    公開日: 2020/03/20
    ジャーナル 認証あり

    Stress management education for adolescents is used to mitigate psychological stresses that are thought to underlie children's maladaptive behavior and symptoms of physical and mental illnesses. This review was designed to determine stress management techniques that are effective for children with different characteristics, including developmental differences. Therefore, we used the four perspectives of the Generic model, which is positioned as a typical framework of the cognitive-behavioral approach, and holds that the formation and maintenance of mental disorders are caused by interactions between cognitions, behaviors, emotions, and physical characteristics. A literature overview indicated that intervention techniques focusing on the body, emotions, and behaviors have specific effects regardless of the developmental stage. In contrast, techniques focusing on cognition are effective for upper elementary school students. It is necessary for future research to improve the evaluation of target children and adolescents, and specifically manage individual differences within the group.

  • 小関 俊祐, 杉山 智風, 新川 瑶子
    2020 年 32 巻 Special_issue 号 p. 185-190
    発行日: 2020/03/20
    公開日: 2020/03/20
    ジャーナル 認証あり

    This study provides a broad overview of “functional analysis” of group stress-management interventions for children and students, from the perspective of quality control assessment of interventions. The results suggested that perspectives on assessment are based on four activities: (1) conducting assessment based on stress theory, (2) conducting the functional assessment, (3) establishing procedures based on assessment results, and (4) evaluating the effects of preventive stress management. There are different constraints in conducting studies in the field of education. However, conducting interventions by considering the above perspectives is critical for establishing the repeatability of effective intervention procedures, and for developing guiding principles for modifying and re-evaluating non-effective procedures.

  • 土屋 さとみ, 杉山 智風, 髙田 久美子, 小野 はるか, 新川 瑶子, 小関 真実, 大谷 哲弘, 伊藤 大輔, 小関 俊祐
    2020 年 32 巻 Special_issue 号 p. 191-201
    発行日: 2020/03/20
    公開日: 2020/03/20
    ジャーナル 認証あり

    Psychological interventions conducted in relation to the Great East Japan Earthquake were categorized. We reviewed published research articles focusing on concerns over psychological support for the victims of the Great East Japan Earthquake by using CiNii and Google Scholar databases conducted in May 2017. The keywords for the searches included “Great East Japan Earthquake,” “group,” and “psychology.” As a result, 10 articles were extracted. The subjects, procedures, content of interventions, implementers, indicators, results of the research, and study tasks in the disaster area were identified. The results suggested that strategies necessary for assessing intervention subjects include setting the dependent and manipulated variables, and the establishment of operations to maintain the intervention.

  • 杉山 智風, 小野 はるか, 髙田 久美子, 土屋 さとみ, 新川 瑶子, 小関 俊祐
    2020 年 32 巻 Special_issue 号 p. 203-212
    発行日: 2020/03/20
    公開日: 2020/03/20
    ジャーナル 認証あり

    Interventions appropriate for group stress management of first graders (N=218) were investigated in an industrial high school. The assessment of the target group, the goals of the intervention, and practical ideas was classified, and the participants were divided into three groups: anger management, cognitive reconstruction, and problem-solving. A 90-minute intervention was conducted once for each group, and the impression sheets were assessed to check if the intervention was conducted correctly. A univariate chi-square test was conducted for the analysis. Results indicated that the procedure was appropriate and included the assessment of the environment and problems of each class, managing problems that could arise within the class, targets, and goals and the content of the intervention. Based on these findings, it is hoped that group assessments would improve the evidence and the reproducibility of group stress management.

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