This study is a comparative analysis of the use tendency of honorific nouns (nouns with the prefix o / go) in spoken and written languages. As a result of the analysis, the following four points became evident: 1) Honorific nouns are used more frequently as beautifying honorifics than as respectful and humble honorifics in both Corpus of Everyday Japanese Conversation (CEJC) and Balanced Corpus of Contemporary Written Japanese (BCCWJ), and comparing the two data, honorific nouns as beautifying honorifics are easier to use in CEJC, and honorific nouns as respectful honorifics and humble honorifics are easier to use in BCCWJ; 2) Regarding respectful honorifics, there is a difference between high frequency words in CEJC and BCCWJ; 3) Regarding humble honorifics, the frequency of honorific nouns is low especially in CEJC, suggesting hollowing out of humble honorifics; 4) For beautifying honorifics, four clusters were obtained for both CEJC and BCCWJ by cluster analysis, and especially for words with a high appearance rate of beautifying honorifics, words in CEJC shows a derivative tendency, and words in BCCWJ shows a lexical tendency.
In this study, I conducted a stylistic typology of literary works from the Heian–Kamakura period based on the properties of sentence predicates using a multivariate analysis (correspondence analysis and cluster analysis). As a result, I found that the style of Heian–Kamakura period literature can be divided into the following four types: a. wabun (native-style) stories and diaries; b. kanbun kundoku (vernacular reading of Literary Sinitic)-inspired stories and diaries; c. travelogues and waka anthologies; and d. travelogues and waka anthologies with strong stylistic features. I also demonstrated that the opposition of wa (native elements) versus kan (Literary Sinitic elements) was the largest contributor to vocabulary selection, followed by genre-related style, and that predicates of the wabun stories and diaries-style are much more diverse than those of the other styles. It was also revealed that stylistic differences may be observed across large numbers of vocabulary and not just among so-called ‘wabun-exclusive’ or ‘kanbun kundoku-exclusive’ vocabulary.
In this paper, we tried to clarify the characteristics of different types of discourse data; scene setting conversation and free conversation by comparing and analyzing two dialect discourses, "Dialect Conversation Conveying Life" and "COJADS" from a quantitative viewpoint. At the time of analysis, the standard Japanese translation texts attached to the dialect texts of both dialect discourses were regarded as common codes, converted into data and analyzed the discourse characteristics. As a result, it was demonstrated empirically that there was a large difference between the part of speech and the form obtained in the scene setting conversation and the free conversation, such as various and abundant interjection words were obtained in the scene setting conversation. We stated that it is necessary to conduct a discourse survey systematically to obtain necessary data according to the purpose of use of the discourses, and to prepare and organize discourses to deepen dialect study.
This article describes the Internet survey using CGI (Common Gateway Interface). After explaining the operation of CGI, we will introduce its application examples and a tool for creating a system using CGI. It is difficult to use casually because web pages including a form tag, CGI programs and a server on which the CGI programs run have to be prepared. However, its high degree of freedom and various applications have advantages. As a concrete example, we describe the electronic voting system of a small academic society that the author has operated for nearly 20 years.