This research aims to clarify historical background and actual state of shoe change system in elementary school buildings in Japan. Most of them, students spend wearing shoes for indoor use like Japanese house where people remove their shoes and change into slippers. There are different rules depending on schools. Our questionnaire survey data collected from elementary schools thorough board of education made clear that how to change of shoes are influenced by the site conditions, environmental factors, regional culture and changes in hygiene measures at the floor of toilet. These are design and utilization considerations of elementary school buildings in Japan.