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  • 魯 諍
    マス・コミュニケーション研究
    2017年 91 巻 83-102
    発行日: 2017/07/31
    公開日: 2017/11/07
    ジャーナル フリー

     This study analyzes reports on the National Party Congress( from the 13th

    to the 18th) of China in the Yomiuri Shimbun and the Asahi Shimbun. Two categories

    of reports,“ articles on the opening of the Party Congress” and“ a serial

    article on the National Party Congress” are examined using Fairclough’s method

    of genre analysis.

      This study examined how “genre chains” and “genre mixing,” leading to

    discourse over China’s one-party system, have changed over time. The Yomiuri

    Shimbun and the Asahi Shimbun, which are said to have different political positions,

    show the same tendency.

      First,“ genre chains” from“ official documents” to“ expository arguments”

    was confirmed in the articles on the “keynote political report” of the Party

    Congress. It showed that the newspaper emphasized how to explain the report

    instead of the report itself. In an “explanatory discussion” of a “keynote political

    report,” there is a tendency to combine various genres such as“ official document,”“

    interview,”“ news story,” etc. into new“ formats.” Due to this“ genre

    mixing,” the functions of the original genres and the texts using them change.

      Second, in the series of articles on the National Party Congress, the main

    genre gradually changes from“ argument” to“ narrative.” More stories and episodes

    were used to express the conflict between the one-party system and the

    market economy, and the detailed description of facts increased in the “narra tive” genre. Along with these changes, the facts picked up in articles changed

    from “reference material” to “grounds of an argument.” The author argued

    that the above tendency amplified the risk that specific logic could become

    fixed and the exclusion of the possibility of constructing other logic. Such a tendency

    is presumed to be related to the lack of diversity of discussions about

    Chinese society in recent years.

  • 国分 良成, 石井 明, 末廣 昭, 園田 茂人
    アジア研究
    2014年 59 巻 1.2 号 15-32
    発行日: 2014/07/31
    公開日: 2014/08/07
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 国分 良成
    学術の動向
    2013年 18 巻 7 号 7_57-7_61
    発行日: 2013/07/01
    公開日: 2013/11/01
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 国分 良成
    アジア研究
    2015年 60 巻 4 号 51-55
    発行日: 2015/04/06
    公開日: 2015/04/13
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 阿部 康久, 範 晶
    地理科学
    2010年 65 巻 4 号 266-283
    発行日: 2010/10/28
    公開日: 2017/04/14
    ジャーナル フリー
    The purpose of this study was to clarify the recent changes in the geographical conditions of the Japanese machinery and instrument industry in Dalian, China. We mainly focused on 1. the wage levels and recruitment of workers and other human resources and 2. the role of local government. The business environment of Japanese Multinational Enterprises (JMEs) has changed since 2006. Rising wage levels and prices have especially had a negative influence on them. Consequently, a large number of workers have left their jobs after only working for short periods, which has reduced the productivity of companies. However, according to a survey where employers were interviewed, specialized personnel, including office workers and managers, tended to continue in their positions. Many companies valued the education of their Chinese employees and as a result only about 0.4% of all employees were Japanese at 26 companies. Most JMEs in Dalian were generally satisfied with their employee's in-company education. JMEs were also satisfied with actions taken by the local government in Dalian and few companies had problems with them. The Dalian city government has held periodic meetings with JMEs to deal with their problems since the 1990s. These meetings are held 3 times a year and the city government may take various actions against requests. In addition to these periodical meetings, JMEs have been able to make requests to the local government and ask city government officials to explain the content of any laws that have been unclear. Because the Dalian economy relies heavily on JMEs, the local government has been trying to be flexible with requests from JMEs. Political and social problems have been severe for JMEs. Most JMEs that invested in Dalian took advantage of the preferred tax policies offered by the central government. However, most of these are no longer offered today. In addition, there have been restrictions with electricity use because it is in short supply. These restrictions were imposed on factories throughout China in the summer in 2006 and have caused serious problems, especially in Dalian. According to a survey where companies were interviewed, although some political and social factors encouraged various large companies to set up factories to produce the same goods in Southeast Asian countries such as Vietnam, most of these have remained in Dalian. This is because there have been more advantages than disadvantages in investing in Dalian. Some companies have especially thought that their employees in Dalian were so well-trained that it would be a huge loss if they had to move to a new location and educate new employees from the beginning again. In addition, wage levels have been rising even in Vietnam and strikes have frequently broken out. It would be much harder to employ as many trained workers in Vietnam as in China.
  • 内山 雅生
    経済史研究
    2014年 17 巻 1-21
    発行日: 2014/01/31
    公開日: 2018/10/01
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
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