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  • Hiroko Yamashina, Yoshi Obayashi, Koji Kanda, Tudor K. Silva, Sujatha Wattegama, Ananda Jayasinghe, Ranjith Kumarasiri, Hiko Tamashiro
    国際保健医療
    2012年 27 巻 4 号 381-384
    発行日: 2012/12/20
    公開日: 2013/01/24
    ジャーナル フリー
    Objective
    Despite the steady high prevalence of infectious diseases, Sri Lanka has an increasing awareness of lifestyle-related health diseases. To lower their risks in the future, making better lifestyle choices and establishing patterns of healthy behavior during young adulthood are essential. The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore current issues of university students' health behaviors and their environments.
    Methods
    The study was conducted in a university of the Central Province, Sri Lanka. Four graduate students in the Faculty of Medicine and three senior students in the Faculty of the Arts were interviewed in a focus group. Interviews were tape-recorded, transcribed, and analyzed inductively.
    Results
    The results yielded three core categories: little interests in health, unhealthy lifestyles, and lower usage of the Student Health Center. In addition, three major health problems were observed among the participants: eating habits, substance use, and mental health. Students had little paid attention to their health. It also showed passive participation on a health check-up. Additionally students' hidden risky behaviors were observed: alcohol intake and smoking. Mental health problem is one of the great health concerns among the students. Although the School Health Center was available, the gaps between its provisions of services and students' needs are an important issue.
    Discussion and Conclusion
    Students need to pay more attention on their health conditions and the importance of preventive health. Furthermore, to improve the current university health services, accessibility, usability, and students' needs should be carefully reviewed in the context of advocacy of preventive health behaviors.
  • George W. Parrott
    時事英語学研究
    1980年 1980 巻 19 号 5-11
    発行日: 1980/09/10
    公開日: 2012/11/13
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 鎌田 修, 渡邉 昌英
    工学教育研究講演会講演論文集
    2012年 2012 巻 1-345
    発行日: 2012/08/22
    公開日: 2016/12/28
    会議録・要旨集 フリー
  • 林 宇一
    農村計画学会誌
    2010年 28 巻 Special_Issue 号 237-242
    発行日: 2010/02/28
    公開日: 2011/03/01
    ジャーナル フリー
    The Working Group Leaders in the Forest Cooperatives have the responsibility to accept and raise the new worker. I did the questionnaire to them in Tajima region, Hyogo Pref. about how they join to and think about the employment system in their organizations. I can find the difference between the Leaders in the Forest Cooperatives where they can join the employment process if they want to and ones in the Forest Cooperatives where they cannot join even if they wish to. The portion of the Leaders in the Second Group who feel the dissatisfaction to the current employment system is higher than that in the First Group.
  • 亀島 聡, 大寺 貴子, 神前 卓司
    日本獣医師会雑誌
    2013年 66 巻 12 号 870-873
    発行日: 2013/12/20
    公開日: 2014/01/20
    ジャーナル フリー
    抗利尿ホルモン不適合分泌症候群(Syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion,以下SIADH)は,頭蓋内疾患などの基礎疾患に続発し,抗利尿ホルモンの不適合分泌が起こり,低ナトリウム(Na)血症,血漿浸透圧の低下,尿中Na排出量の増加などを生じる小動物領域ではきわめてまれな病態である.今回,ドーム様の頭蓋形状と特有の症状を呈したトイ・プードルに遭遇し,その病態を精査した.その結果,本症例では,顕著な低ナトリウム血症や血漿浸透圧の低下をはじめ,種々の検査成績がSIADHの診断基準をほぼ満たしていると考えられた.また,特有の頭蓋形状はMRI検査で,水頭症によることが判明した.以上の所見より,本症例は水頭症に起因するSIADHであることが強く示唆された.
  • Peiya SONG, Xianda Kong, Hisashi Yamamoto, Jing Sun, Masayuki Matsui
    Innovation and Supply Chain Management
    2015年 9 巻 2 号 51-59
    発行日: 2015/06/30
    公開日: 2015/11/16
    ジャーナル フリー
    This paper models and analyzes serial production lines to discuss about the optimal assignment of workers whose ability varies from each other. A limited-cycled model with multiple periods (LCMwMP) is built for evaluating the expected processing cost depending on the risk of delay. In order to minimize the risk of delay, the assignment of the workers, especially rookie worker is focused on because they are the weak point who has the most probability leading to the delay. In previous researches, the workers are separated into two groups by the capacity of processing. And in the case when rookie workers group has only one or two workers, the rules of optimal worker assignment is already proposed by assuming an assembly line as LCMwMP model. In this paper, we continue to deal with LCMwMP model assuming an optimization problem with three rookie workers, for finding an assignment of workers to the line that has a minimum expected processing cost. Then, by the mathematics demonstration, we will prove the validity of these rules found by the numeral experiment. And by some numeral experiments, we will conclude several more rules of optimal assignment. At last, by comparing the rules assumed in this paper with previous research, it can be inspired if we can find out a common rule regardless of the number of rookie workers as a goal of future research.
  • 能智 大介, 児玉 有子, 平田 竹男
    スポーツ産業学研究
    2016年 26 巻 2 号 2_315-2_321
    発行日: 2016年
    公開日: 2016/10/21
    ジャーナル フリー
        We investigated the achievement situation after the entrance into the club of rookie players who belong to the Waseda University Association Football Club and those players who achieved excellent results in the Japanese university football league.
        We collected information about the situation of the hometown team in which a member grew up, the university entrance route, and the game appearances. The period covered in the investigation included a first term (1991-2000) and a latter period (2005-2014). 18 players with dominance of total hours of appearance in each year (until 1995, 16 players) were defined as the main force, and the production frequency of main force players was analyzed for every hometown team. In one season of registration, the number of cases where main force players were produced typically totaled one person and, at most, reached four.
        The results of the study showed that, among the 1,418 cases studied in the 20 years, among the 348 cases of admission based on recommendations, the number of those who became main force players was 230.
        The Club got many rookies from admissions based on recommendations and from admissions from affiliated strong schools and J-Youth high school football clubs. But although cases of entrance from affiliated schools were numerous, a problem was found that in the Waseda Football Club there was a low rate of these players becoming main force players.
        In the first term, members who entered on the basis of recommendations didn’ t play in the main force, and members who entered on the basis of affiliated school entrance and the general entrance admission played the active parts. On the other hand, in the latter period there were increased cases of entrance from private high schools and J-Youth Club, following the increase of the limit of students admitted to the university, and increased numbers of these players in the main force.
        The results showed that the number of the university-graduate J-Leaguers who join a J-Club is increasing in Japan, and that the cases in which universities with strong soccer teams get rookies from J-Youth Clubs and from high schools through the admission recommendation system is increasing, showing a change in the player acquisition method.
  • 山田 浩之
    教育社会学研究
    2010年 86 巻 59-74
    発行日: 2010/06/30
    公開日: 2017/04/21
    ジャーナル フリー

     本稿は,小説,映画,マンガなどに描かれる教師像を「熱血教師」を手がかりとして分析することで,教師への錯綜するまなざしを明らかにすることにある。「熱血教師」は現在のテレビドラマなどに見られる画一的な教師像であるが,これは現在も教師への信頼が強いことを示す。その一方で,メディアでは教師への批判が数多く報道されている。本稿ではこうした教師への信頼と不信の錯綜したまなざしと教師像の変化を検討した。
     「熱血教師」は1960年代に石原慎太郎『青春とはなんだ』で提出された教師像であった。その特徴は,教育への情熱,教師らしさの無さ,理想的人間像の他,教師と生徒の関わりに物語の重点が置かれていること,さらに児童生徒の私的領域に押し入ってまでの問題解決であった。こうした教師像は,日本の現実の教師の行為を反映したものでもあった。
     その一方で,1980年以降,マンガの中では児童生徒の私的領域に関わらない不良教師が描かれるようになった。このことは,現実の社会でも教師が児童生徒の私的領域に関われなくなったことを示している。それにもかかわらず教師には「熱血教師」として,なおも児童生徒の私的領域に関わることが求められている。
     以上の議論をもとに,教師に対するまなざしを多様化し,個々の教師の多様性に着目することの重要性を指摘した。

  • 田中 伸一
    音声研究
    2009年 13 巻 3 号 44-52
    発行日: 2009/12/30
    公開日: 2017/08/31
    ジャーナル フリー
    本論文は,一見無関係で異質なものに見えるプロミネンスと有標性との間に,隠された共通の性質があることを主張する。具体的には,いわゆる強勢アクセントだけでなく,有標な分節メロディも,リズム交替の原理に支配されていることを実証する。リズム交替の原理とはいわばリズムという実体の根源的性質であり,それを定義する性質として「単一指向性」「反隣接性」「等時性の出現」を取り上げ,これらが2つの間で共有されていることを示す。その際,その性質を保つための音韻プロセスについても,2つの間に並行性があることも明らかにする。更に,事例研究として日本語を取り上げ,従来は和語だけに存在すると考えられてきたライマンの法則がある種の外来語にも成り立つ(単一指向性がある)だけでなく,そこに反隣接性も見出されることを実証する。本稿の帰結として,従来見過ごされてきた「有標性とプロミネンスの並行的性質」と「ライマンの法則の外来語への適用性」と「OCPの隣接性に関する新たな証拠」の発見が重要な意味合いを持つことになる。
  • 藤本 剛, 神保 直史
    映像情報メディア学会誌
    2016年 70 巻 1 号 J17-J21
    発行日: 2016年
    公開日: 2015/12/21
    ジャーナル フリー
    「Live Multi Viewing」は,スポーツや音楽イベント会場でさまざまな映像や音声を素早く切替え,視聴することができるAndroid, iOSに対応したアプリである.「Live Multi Viewing」アプリを使うと,音楽イベントでは別のライブ会場で行われているアーティストを見ることができ,スポーツ会場では試合を観戦しながら副音声を同時に聞くことができたり,と新しい楽しみ方を体験できる.従来の同様の仕組みでは発生していた配信の遅延もほぼなく,映像の切替もストレスなく行えるようになっている.また映像や音声の数を自由に増やすことができ,画面レイアウトをイベント毎に作り,組合せることも簡単にできるように設計されている.構成している機材も安価なものを中心としており,コストパフォーマンスにも優れている.
  • 神庭 弘年
    工学教育
    2013年 61 巻 5 号 5_4-5_9
    発行日: 2013年
    公開日: 2013/10/13
    ジャーナル フリー
    Due to changes in the economic environment, corporate strategies needs new type of projects and these have been increasing. The cases that many uneven stakeholder’ s interest have to been adjusted are more increasing than ever before. Accordance with this, expected project manager role has been changed. I developed new training course combined reflection and competency concept for well experienced project managers not for rookies. Still some parts are in an experiment, I will introduce this training program and results so far.
  • 日本写真学会誌
    2010年 73 巻 3 号 147-174
    発行日: 2010年
    公開日: 2011/12/10
    ジャーナル フリー
    「写真の進歩」は,毎年一度時期を決めて前年一年間の写真技術の動きを振り返ることにより,日々進歩を続ける写真技術の全体像を時系列的に俯瞰することを狙いとして,継続的に取り組んでいる企画です.
    執筆陣は,技術委員会傘下の各研究会の代表者を中心に,一部にはそれ以外の識者も加えた各分野の専門家により構成されています.各執筆者は担当の分野に応じた観点から,主として前年一年間に発表された技術(文献),製品,作品,統計等について,可能な限りその特徴・傾向・分析などのコメントを加えつつ紹介します.なお具体的な内容については各執筆者の意向を尊重しています.
    例年の「写真の進歩」は,写真学会ホームページ(http://www.spstj.org/)の「学会誌からのトピックス」(http://www.spstj.org/book/pickups.html)にも掲載されています.
    なお今年の掲載に際しては各分野の関連性などから項目や掲載順序を見直したため,昨年までと対比するには見にくいこともあるかと思いますが,その点についてはご容赦下さい.
  • 佐古 めぐみ, 加藤 浩一郎
    工学教育
    2018年 66 巻 1 号 1_102-1_107
    発行日: 2018年
    公開日: 2018/02/04
    ジャーナル フリー
    Previous study has investigated that, unlike most other fields, patent literatures are not regarded as a knowledge sources for the conception of new inventions in software field. This result shows a possibility of Japanese patent law’s laying open system is not functioning in this field. Therefore, we have conducted a survey to one of the top Japanese companies in this field which has high priority on patent activity. We have investigated that inventors who have rich experience and achievements, regard patent literatures as knowledge sources for the conception of new inventions. We also found that “high-ability searchers” and “high quality reading comprehension skill” are the key factors for the success to make outstanding engineers.
  • Ryohei MATSUSHITA
    Educational Studies in Japan
    2017年 11 巻 101-119
    発行日: 2017年
    公開日: 2017/12/01
    ジャーナル フリー

    In the field of education, evidence means an objective ground for setting or judging an educational policy, plan or method, as an effective means to attain a given political end or educational objective. Evidence-based education has been regarded as a decisive device to pursue the accountability and improve the quality of education by connecting educational researches to educational practices and policies.

    Evidence-based education in the UK and the USA, however, has been criticized for distorting the essence of education and the nature of educational practices through its use of evidence-based medicine as a model, and for dismissing the hermeneutical or holistic traditions in educational methodology and the autonomy of the professionals engaged in research or practice. But these criticisms do not seem to be accepted by those who believe in the possibilities of education and believe that its possibilities can be realized by operating evidence-based education rationally. It may be quite difficult to overcome evidence-based education under these circumstances.

    In this article I consider the above explanation accounting for espousal of evidence-based education to be not so much a variety of truth as the story, which is provided, with some political interests, for those who intend to acquire the competencies or skills to survive in an era of uncertainty. I pay attention to the consequences brought about recursively by the execution of evidence-based education in the historical-social context which has called for evidence-based education itself. In other words, I take notice of the unintended political or ideological functions that the story as an organized system of meaning performs as the result of repeated and reflexive retelling in that context.

    It is important to notice that the notion of evidence-based education has emerged in association with changing views on education. As the education that I call Education II(modern education) is separated from education I (traditional and fundamental education as an ongoing process of call-and-response with the world) in accordance with the rising of commodity exchange and merchandization, the former turns to education to satisfy learners’ needs or desires, which is a prerequisite for evidence-based education. Furtheremore, the execution of evidence-based education, under the present conditions of commodification, merchandization and the transformation of scientific research, has gradually reversed the relation between education and evidence. When education is seen as what can be evaluated with evidence, a new type of education emerges, which I call Education III. Education III, which reduces teaching and learning to visible operations, is very adaptable to interdisciplinary research, hybrid business and the globalized society. But when evidence for accountability turns from the grounds for judging the level of achievement into the proofs of having attained the objectives, the purpose of education tends to become the constructing or disguising of evidence necessary therefore, impoverishing education and leaving it vacuous.

    In conclusion, evidence-based education has changed the nature of education, making the acts of teaching and learning superficial and moving toward depriving education of its substance. Moreover, some branches of educational studies may be absorbed into interdisciplinary ones, and in turn the theories of education may be abandoned.

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