日本国際観光学会論文集
Online ISSN : 2433-2976
22 巻
選択された号の論文の30件中1~30を表示しています
論文
  • 秋山 綾, 折戸 晴雄
    2015 年 22 巻 p. 7-12
    発行日: 2015年
    公開日: 2019/06/12
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    Okinawa prefecture has attracted tourists as one of the tourist destinations, and also increases the number of the tourist arrivals at present. The tourist arrivals of Kume island tend to decrease compared with a peak in 2003.
    Kume-island town has achieved the local modernization by implementation of tourism promotion. For re-growth of tourism, it needs to provide the authenticity “life in Kume island” as the innovation. It is important to involve residents of the island for it.
    This study describes how residents recognize the tourism circumstances in the island, and how the local government should involve them to the tourism promotion there.
  • 工藤 泰子
    2015 年 22 巻 p. 13-19
    発行日: 2015年
    公開日: 2019/06/12
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    It is about 50 years, since the first “Kanko-ka”, the subject of study by which “Tourism” is entitled in the junior college and university in Japan was established. In 2010, the university in Japan which had the faculty, the subject of study, course, major, etc. which were carrying out tourism education attained to 125 universities and a student capacity amounted to 17,540.
    This paper overviewed the history of Tourism Studies, and discussed the process in which tourism educational organizations were founded, focusing on the relations with two Tokyo Olympic Games, the Games of 1940 and 1964.
  • 才原 清一郎
    2015 年 22 巻 p. 21-27
    発行日: 2015年
    公開日: 2019/06/12
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    Currently, community-based tourism has been attracting attention as an effective measure for regional revitalization, ctively promoted in many places. Although it is recommended to experience regional unique things, it is unclear the tourists are really satisfied with this type of tourism.
    Therefore I surveyed the attitude by online questionnaire, it shows that only minority expects to experience regional unique activities.
    Besides, many tourists are not satisfied with comfort and safety in the present community-based tourism. These issues should be resolved in order to take part in the market.
    Community-based tourism : it means a type of tourism exploitation by local communities, where the local people get involved in receiving tourists and visitants in order to take more advantage of any tourism potential the region has.
  • 島川 崇
    2015 年 22 巻 p. 29-34
    発行日: 2015年
    公開日: 2019/06/12
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    After the occurrence of natural disasters, it is commonplace to stop promoting the disaster-stricken areas as a prime destination for tourists. However, recently there is a new tourism trend to promote tours of those stricken areas. It has been found that the tour helps the recovery of local survivors' life in the wake of the Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami. This research clarifies that disaster tourism can contribute to stricken areas' economic and social recovery. Moreover, according to recent tourism studies, it is often believed that individual travel is more mature than group tour or packaged tour, However, from the perspective of disaster tourism, the participants of group tour or packaged tour have a deeper experience and they are very satisfied of their itinerary.
  • 須賀 忠芳
    2015 年 22 巻 p. 35-43
    発行日: 2015年
    公開日: 2019/06/12
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    “Rural Landscape of Ichinoseki Hondera” is one of the important cultural landscapes which the Japan Agency for Cultural Affairs selected. This area is preserved a nature and temples that have been written in the pictorial depicting the medieval rural landscape. Various measures of local residents and local governments have been carried out in this place for the preservation of landscape. But it's difficult to understand the significance of the traditional historical view in this area. Because it's difficult that the tourist who visited this place understands visually. A tourist can't understand its significance immediately for the view over which a rice paddy just spreads. It's difficult that a tourist understands the significance of this area visually.
    However, there is compatibility of “learning tourism” here. Because, if you visit, it is possible to learn the history and charm of the land. We should pay attention to a cultural view in this area and a case of area activation by a sightseeing plan.
    Japanese tourists often emphasizes “sight” and “feeling” when they visit. But Japanese tourists need to innovate on sightseeing behavior in “consideration” and “learning”. It's significant to confirm the value of this case as a clue for Japanese sightseeing behavior innovation.
  • 崔 載弦
    2015 年 22 巻 p. 45-50
    発行日: 2015年
    公開日: 2019/06/12
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    To realize the Japanese government policy of building a tourism-based nation, it is indispensable to attract foreign travelers not only to metropolitan areas but also local areas. Given the Koreans' tendency of traveling abroad and their points of sightseeing interests and rural areas' general characteristics and sightseeing resources they have, I assume that Korean tourists are relatively highly compatible with rural areas. To be successful in inbound travel policy, one significant strategic element is for local municipalities to better understand and grasp target markets' characteristics including tourists' mindsets, motivation and purposes. In conclusion, the mismatch between travelers' profile and local municipalities' inbound travel promoting or their failure to understand travelers' characteristics is one of obstacles in bringing more foreign travelers to rural areas. This factor needs to be carefully taken into account when tourism authorities design destination marketing.
  • 外山 昌樹, 山田 雄一, 西尾 チヅル
    2015 年 22 巻 p. 51-58
    発行日: 2015年
    公開日: 2019/06/12
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    This study aimed to examine the effects of tourism experiences on individual revisit intention by focusing on the role of tourists' memories. The data for this study was collected using an online survey that was sent to tourists who had visited the main island of Okinawa. The research hypotheses were tested using factor analysis, path analysis, and t-test. The results showed that the relationship between cognitive/affective experiences and revisit intention was partially mediated by satisfaction and vividness of memory. Therefore, it was suggested that creating memorable as well as satisfactory tourism experiences were key components for individual revisit intention. The results also suggested that rehearsal which is the replaying of memories not only to oneself but also others, played a significant role in improving the evaluation of experiences, satisfaction, vividness of memory, and revisit intention.
  • 鳥尾 克二
    2015 年 22 巻 p. 59-64
    発行日: 2015年
    公開日: 2019/06/12
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    Tadao Umesao wrote Information Industries in 1963, and he presented the bold world picture: Information exists in itself. Existence itself is the information. The world is filled with information. All existence itself is information. As a civilization theory, Umesao predicted the development of the information industry that has the information that exist in all over the world as the industry resource, which would exceed the growth of the existing industry, and the arrival of the information-oriented society that contributes to the human beings as the result. Umesao regards the information concept as the sheer message of existence that emerges in the human lives, and not as the symbolism to describe the world. He regards the world existence itself as the place for the information that the human beings sense, and sees into the arrival of the industrial society with this spirit of industrializing the information into the lives of the human beings. The viewpoint of Umesao gives many suggestions for tourism studies. This article will think of the tourism industry as an information industry that is related with the world experience-based consumption, and study about the recognition, the structure, and the value of the sightseeing and its industry while having the connection with the phenomenology in mind.
  • 中嶋 真美
    2015 年 22 巻 p. 65-71
    発行日: 2015年
    公開日: 2019/06/12
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    This study aims to examine the real possibilities of, and actual limitations on empowerment of local women by Community-Based Tourism (CBT). Tanzania Cultural Tourism Programme (TCTP) has been conducted for many years as sustainable, pro-poor, and community-based tourism, with the aim of the development of local community and of small-scale individual incomes. However, there are discrepancies between men and women in the local communities in terms of their respective opportunities for true empowerment. Because of their lifestyles, it is difficult, if not impossible, for women to create their own business opportunities outside the local community. Moreover, the chances and degree of development for women depend largely on each coordinator or leader even when they are actively involved in TCTP. In conclusion, CBT programs like TCTP function only partially toward the empowerment of local women. We ought to train coordinators and guides to utilize CBT as a more efficient tool for the more even human resource development.
  • 根木 良友, 折戸 晴雄
    2015 年 22 巻 p. 73-80
    発行日: 2015年
    公開日: 2019/06/12
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    The purpose of this paper is to clarify the problems of curriculums and internships conducted especially in the tourism-related majors in Japan. The approach employed in this research is to compare the curriculums and internship programs adopted by the universities in Japan with those in foreign countries; University of Surrey and École hôtelière de Lausanne in Europe, and Cornell University, Paul Smith's College and University of Central Florida in the United States. The author examines both elements, especially in the overseas universities, to ascertain solutions for improving human resources education in Japan. In this study, the main stress falls on the fact that Japan's situation is quite contrary to overseas from a viewpoint of implementation of curriculums and internships to educate students that fulfil the qualifications of tourism industry.
  • 野村 尚司
    2015 年 22 巻 p. 81-87
    発行日: 2015年
    公開日: 2019/06/12
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    The issue of fuel surcharge is one of the most important topics to discuss in today's aviation industry. In line with the international regulations many countries might have different fuel surcharge related acts and regulations within their border. As a result, the amount of this surcharge varies accordingly in different countries. This paper discuss current Japanese fuel surcharge issues and implications towards the Japanese tourism industry in general and travel agents in particular.
    The fuel surcharge for airline ticket at the Japanese point of sale tends to be higher than airline ticket sales to and from Japan at the foreign land. This gives a wide opportunity for foreign OTAs' to freely expand their sales in the Japanese market at the expense of local Japanese Travel Agents. The Online Travel Agency (OTA) is now the most flourishing business throughout the globe.
    On the other hand, the Japanese travel agents are facing a serious difficulty of competing with foreign OTAs' as the Japanese Travel Agency Act put a tight control over them. Hence, this paper concluded that unless the government control of international air tariffs will be amended or abolished it continues creating unfair competition against the Japanese travel agents.
  • 廣間 準一
    2015 年 22 巻 p. 89-95
    発行日: 2015年
    公開日: 2019/06/12
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    Japanese hotels have not been given a clear definition to date regarding the way they are classified. Although the Japanese hotel industry has been under the influence of its American counterpart, it has failed in adopting the American classification system. The purpose of this paper is to provide a clear definition of the Japanese hotel classification. The proposed definition will be verified according to the rational development process by the assessment of the workload in the development process of each hotel based on the classification defined.
  • 山川 拓也
    2015 年 22 巻 p. 97-102
    発行日: 2015年
    公開日: 2019/06/12
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    The purpose of this study is an attempt to convert of own conservative marketing strategy for the overseas package tour products in Japanese travel industry with a new point of view which is based on cultural value & style in overseas travel.
  • 渡辺 康洋
    2015 年 22 巻 p. 103-108
    発行日: 2015年
    公開日: 2019/06/12
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    The longer the traveler travels from home to the destination, the more s/he spends at the destination. This is a “law” known in tourism development studies, However, in this world of advancing transportation technology, does it still hold true?
    The most accurate method of its examination can be obtained by conducting a large scale survey to tourists, asking their location of residence, destination of travel and the amount spent at the destination, However, this paper verifies the validity of the law by using existing tourism and transportation statistics.
    The statistics used in this study are: 1) Japan Tourism Agency's “Tourism Consumption Data”, which provides the average total amount paid for a trip by tourists and their distance travelled; 2) Transport Ministry's “Passenger Travel Mode Survey”, which provides the share of the transportation mode used in a given travel sector; and 3) “Accommodation Statistics”, which sheds light on the number of nights stayed and the amount spent for accommodations, These data, after calculation adjustments, will show the daily amount paid for a trip, besides transportation costs, by tourists and their distance of travel.
    Japan has 47 prefectures, The study compared the amount, as obtained from above calculation process, of tourists traveling from Tokyo plus its three neighboring prefectures to all other 43 prefectures, As a result of this comparison, the correlation coefficient between the distance travelled and the amount spent was 0.71, showing strong positive correlation.
    The significance of the proof of the law to tourism developers will be that it does make sense to invest more in promoting longdistance travelers, and when a tourist destination is expecting a new mode of transportation connecting a far market, it should prepare for larger tourist consumption.
研究ノート
  • 石田 祐, 宮錦 三樹, 岩崎 邦彦, 藤澤 由和
    2015 年 22 巻 p. 109-114
    発行日: 2015年
    公開日: 2019/06/12
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    Few studies have revealed the determinants of inbound tourists' behaviors in Japan quantitatively. Thus, our paper considers the empirical models to examine the willingness of foreign tourists to visit Japan. In particular, utilizing “tourism factors” as which we define what and to what degree foreign tourists care about when they choose the destinations, analyze determinants of their willingness to visit Japan. We have conducted an internet-based survey targeting the American tourists who have multiple outbound experiences. Our estimation results show that those who consider the elements of “meeting with people and interactions,” “attractions and tour spots,” “new experiences,” and “availability of public transportations” as the important factors have higher willingness to visit Japan. This study implies that it is crucial for Japan to enhance tourism resources and infrastructure in a way that meets their needs in order to promote the inbounding tourism.
  • 井上 和久, 堀 彰穂, 友成 真一
    2015 年 22 巻 p. 115-122
    発行日: 2015年
    公開日: 2019/06/12
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    The content tourism and “the Holy Land pilgrimage” are established as a general noun, and have been increasingly taken up by the media. This study is intended to consider about the way of regional formation clarifying the utilization of the contents.
    This paper took up cases which apply contents on railways in Japan, and clarified the effectiveness of regional formation. The examined cases are in the area of tourist resort, streetcar and local train. In addition, this paper took up and analyzed the cases of Kyoto city especially. Furthermore, this paper clarified the problems of regional formation by applying of contents and suggested the ways of solution considering sustainable regional formation.
  • 岩田 賢
    2015 年 22 巻 p. 123-129
    発行日: 2015年
    公開日: 2019/06/12
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    Inbound tourism is said to have multiple functions. Regarding the function of security, the traditional slogan “Tourism: Passport to Peace” demonstrates the peace making role of international tourism among the different states. Because of the recent and severe international circumstances affecting security, the role of international tourism becomes increasingly important as it may influence the image of respective states. This influence is deemed as a 'soft power'. The relationship between this power and inbound tourism is vital when considering Japan's security policy.
  • 郭 淑娟
    2015 年 22 巻 p. 131-136
    発行日: 2015年
    公開日: 2019/06/12
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    In order to achieve sustainable-tourism, it is indispensable to consider the consumption of resources by tourism industries. This study concentrates on B&Bs, as they have increased in Taiwan. Each B&B manager was interviewed directly to investigate his/her resource consumption behaviors with the beneficiary-pays principle. Although there are many points worthy of consideration, in the end, the consumption of groundwater and spring water without measuring their quantity, which was generated from the failure of the market and the failure of the government, proves to be one of the most critical problems concerning their resource consumption. It is desirable for B&Bs in Taiwan, where there are few water resources because of its geographical characteristics, to install meters to measure how much groundwater and spring water is used in order to manage and improve the use of the natural water resources.
  • 柏木 翔
    2015 年 22 巻 p. 137-144
    発行日: 2015年
    公開日: 2019/06/12
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    This paper investigates a suitable organization among stakeholders of cooperative promotion system for rural destinations. It also explores issues that stakeholders in rural destinations tend to have for their promotion activities. Munakata city in Fukuoka prefecture is used as a case study of the research and stakeholders such as a destinations marketing organization, city office, city councilor and accommodation provider are selected to conduct a semi-structured in-depth interview. The research findings revealed that a lack of budget, human resource and expertise in tourism marketing are major impediments to conduct cooperative promotion. The results of the research finally compose a framework of cooperative promotion system for rural destinations in Japan and provide an empirical insight of it.
  • 鈴木 一寛, 友成 真一
    2015 年 22 巻 p. 145-149
    発行日: 2015年
    公開日: 2019/06/12
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    The most number of visitors of sea fishing parks in hot spring tourism area is a traveler who lodges in hot spring house. I researched out potential for expansion of sea fishing parks as tourism resources depends on the improvements of the local area collaboration.
  • 竹中 正道
    2015 年 22 巻 p. 151-156
    発行日: 2015年
    公開日: 2019/06/12
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    Tour operators (land operators) have for many years been the backbone of international travel by Japanese people. They operate amidst extremely tight restraints, and are constantly impacted by excessive price competition and other factors. As the business environment surrounding the Japanese travel industry continues to change beyond recognition, operators have begun to diversify away from their core business and develop business opportunities in other areas. This paper takes a further look at the work carried out by a tour operator, and looks at examples from the past and present to make observations in regard to the potential for diversification. It is thought possible that this trend may result in a complete change to the landscape of the travel industry in Japan.
  • 森山 明
    2015 年 22 巻 p. 157-163
    発行日: 2015年
    公開日: 2019/06/12
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    This is part of a series reporting “Travelling the old roads” by Ryotaro Shiba. In each report, one key word is selected to analyze the appeal of the travel itself through Shiba's eyes.
    The key word selected in this report is “kiyoraka”, or purity and spirituality.
    This report analyzes the word in terms of its usage to describe temples and shrines. In more than one third of instances, the word “kiyoraka” is used in association with temples and shrines. Results indicate that Shiba used the word “kiyoraka” to protest against today's Japanese society and its singleminded aim of economic growth based on land development, thus closing our eyes to culture and scenery created by people in the past.
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