日本国際観光学会論文集
Online ISSN : 2433-2976
23 巻
選択された号の論文の24件中1~24を表示しています
論文
  • 阿部 真也
    2016 年 23 巻 p. 7-17
    発行日: 2016年
    公開日: 2019/06/12
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    This study looked into the legal inadequacy of the Japanese laws on wines from trouble-preventative point of view. As a result, it was revealed that the legal inadequacy could cause as many as five kinds of trouble in tourism-related items. As the existing laws would not provide sufficient solution, there will be need for new legislation. However, there is a risk to hinder economy in implementation of laws of the scale of other countries, I would propose to implement basic laws of wine in the form of industry laws.
  • 石本 東生
    2016 年 23 巻 p. 19-27
    発行日: 2016年
    公開日: 2019/06/12
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    In July 2015 one of the most famous travel magazines on a global scale “Travel + Leisure” came out with the newest ranking regarding “Top Cities” of “World's Best Awards in 2015”. In these top cities the City of Kyoto took first place. This glorious and remarkable accomplishment indeed surprised us, because it was not first time but second time continuously in the recent couple of years 2014-2015.
    This research focuses the policies for conservation of historical town and the movements, from both sides of Kyoto City Administration and community groups at tourist destinations in Kyoto, as well as their strategy for developing the tourism industry, which are especially important factors for Kyoto's tourism dynamism. Also, the characteristics of Kyoto's cultural tourism in conserved traditional settlements are approached.
  • 井上 晶子, 内田 彩
    2016 年 23 巻 p. 29-38
    発行日: 2016年
    公開日: 2019/06/12
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    In order to revitalize hot spring resorts, efforts are being made to increase the duration of tourist stays. In this study, we conducted questionnaire and field surveys to develop an attractive stay structure for hot spring resorts. The results indicated that the initial sense of extraordinariness associated with the atmosphere of the accommodations decrease, and the accommodations begin to seem ordinary as the duration of stay increases. The results revealed that the attractiveness of the accommodations ― in terms of both the internal environment and the areas surrounding the lodging facilities that make up its external environment ― needs improvement.
  • 遠藤 伸明
    2016 年 23 巻 p. 39-45
    発行日: 2016年
    公開日: 2019/06/12
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    This study examines the determinants of international travel flows in inclusive tours based on data-sets of outbound travel from Britain. The study focuses on institutional difference and air transport deregulation as such determinants. The regression analysis shows that institutional difference represents a positive impact on the travel flows in inclusive tours. This result implies that travelers may internalize and reduce transaction costs related to visiting institutionally different and unfamiliar countries by joining inclusive tours. The analysis also demonstrates that the travel flows in individual tours may be affected by air transport deregulation, while such flows in inclusive tours may not be.
  • 柿島 あかね, 山田 雄一
    2016 年 23 巻 p. 47-55
    発行日: 2016年
    公開日: 2019/06/12
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    In recent years, amidst the thinking that the tourism market is limited in scope, more and more prefectures are undergoing efforts to revitalize their tourism industries. This suggests that the revitalization of tourism in each prefecture is now a competitive market. Seeking to consider which types of tourism promotion strategies are effective for these regions, this research utilizes Product Portfolio Management (PPM) and classifies each town by the number of overnight tourists and their respective growth or decline. In so doing, it attempts to create the “TA-PM” framework as a means of delineating which kinds of strategies these regions can take to increase tourist numbers.
  • 川澄 厚志, 金 承珠
    2016 年 23 巻 p. 57-64
    発行日: 2016年
    公開日: 2019/06/12
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    The purpose of this paper is to clarify a method and its significance for reproduction of the hot spring resort in Onsen Yonezawa Hattou Society. We researched an interview and questionnaire for Onsen Yonezawa Hattou Society from July to November 2014, and analyzed these activities into reproduction of the hot spring resort in Yonezawa.
    The results of questionnaire are as follows. a) There are various activities in Onsen Yonezawa Hattou Society. b) We have been found its participation, satisfaction, problem in Onsen Yonezawa Hattou Society. c) We found a method and its significance for reproduction of the hot spring resort in Onsen Yonezawa Hattou Society. In conclusion, it works from planning to practice with member of Onsen Yonezawa Hattou Society, other industry, in reproduction of the hot spring resort activities under the strong relationships between those stockholders.
  • 工藤 泰子
    2016 年 23 巻 p. 65-72
    発行日: 2016年
    公開日: 2019/06/12
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    There are 9 cities which have established the “Act on Construction as An International Tourism City” during the period of postwar reconstruction. They emphasized that they were especially important cities for national policy. The main purpose of establishing the acts was to gain financial support and free transfer of land for urban planning. In order to establish the act, the constitutional law required a referendum in each city, after passing the National Assembly.
    As for Matsue, it has enacted the “Act on Construction of Matsue as An International Culture and Tourism City”, having the approval of 76% of the referendum in March 1951. The aims of this paper are to clarify the characteristics of the act and the residents' consciousness towards the enactment.
  • 斎藤 勝己
    2016 年 23 巻 p. 73-79
    発行日: 2016年
    公開日: 2019/06/12
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    The purpose of this paper is to introduce the principle of Tourism Oriented Country, which is one of the Japanese national policy, into the School English education. However, Tourism is managed by Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism (MLIT), on the other hand, English education is managed by Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT). Through discussions of this paper, it is advocated that the two Ministries should cooperate each other, in order to achieve both objectives, better English communication skills for MEXT and more satisfied incoming travelers for MLIT. As a result, this cooperative movement will improve the international relationship between foreign countries and Japan by doing various cultural exchanges in English among ordinary Japanese people.
  • 高島 美江
    2016 年 23 巻 p. 81-89
    発行日: 2016年
    公開日: 2019/06/12
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    Although the number of foreign visitors to Japan has increased remarkably in recent years, many licensed guides have not been usefully employed.
    One of the main reasons for this is that there is a problem with the system of producing new work-ready guides in Japan.
    Currently, the Japanese government only conducts the national examination, and informs successful applicants of a file of associations of licensed guides, which offer several days of basic training to a very limited number of new guides.
    Most new guides have no chance to take practical training to become a professional guide, and travel companies do not employ them.
    After examining guide systems in 54 countries and regions, I found that the following points are essential to a system which produces new work-ready guides:
    (1) A system which issues a license after several years of training, following a final examination
    (2) A license renewal system to secure the quality of a guide
    A system with these elements must be employed immediately in Japan in order to increase the number of a high-quality qualified guides, and to meet the strong demand from the inbound tourism industry.
  • 崔 載弦, 山川 拓也
    2016 年 23 巻 p. 91-99
    発行日: 2016年
    公開日: 2019/06/12
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    Various factors influence how much a local area can attract inbound travelers; besides physical elements like an accessibility, appeal of tourism products offered and convenience, a sense of values of foreign tourists also plays a role to a certain degree. In this paper, a basic concept of the “Fair Travel” and its case studies are examined, which is already socially recognized in Korea and is gathering attention as one of recent trends in traveling abroad. Authors also discuss how they can be applied to local Japanese inbound policy and strategies.
  • 中嶋 真美
    2016 年 23 巻 p. 101-108
    発行日: 2016年
    公開日: 2019/06/12
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    This study aims to examine the possibilities and limits of sustainable local development and contribution through Community-Based Tourism (CBT) in Tanzania from the perspective of Butler's Tourist Area Cycle of Evolution. Tanzania Cultural Tourism Programme (TCTP) has been conducted for many years to contribute a local development in many ways which the local people really want to realize. However, there is variability in degree of profits and benefits according to each TCTP site. Moreover, there is also a considerable difference between a local community and Ministry of Natural Resources and Tourism (MNRT) in terms of what they mean by “development.” MNRT regards increasing the number of TCTP sites as one of the goals, but the local people don't regard it as their“ development.” To realize sustainable contributions to local communities, as well as holistic development of TCTP, there should be a unified vision of“ development” in order to make up for the discrepancies between the stakeholders and to review the role of TCTP.
  • 野村 尚司
    2016 年 23 巻 p. 109-115
    発行日: 2016年
    公開日: 2019/06/12
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    Since the time that the European Union (EU) Package Travel Directive was established, a quarter of a century has passed. This Directive was aimed at protecting consumers/travelers in the EU countries and it worked well in the past. Online Travel Agencies increased its business volume globally, due to the penetration of the Information and Communication Technology. European Commission announced that the purpose of the modification of this directive is to enhance consumer protection. Linked Travel Arrangement (LTA) was added as a new category in order to define travel products. Some stakeholders indicated opposition to the inclusion of LTA to the Directive because of possible confusion in terms of operational constraint, particularly for 'specific target marketing'. This paper examines recent modification of the Directive, and identifies the issues under the borderless business circumstances and implications for other market.
  • 塙 泉
    2016 年 23 巻 p. 117-124
    発行日: 2016年
    公開日: 2019/06/12
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    The aim of this study is to identify and suggest a structured local information service by a value co-creation perspective. It is because there are many kinds of local information service such as a guidebook, a map, a sign, an information center, SNS and so on; however, it is not likely to effect on creating tourism experience which is the most important factor to make tourists' satisfaction and a memorable tourism experience. Due to the concept of Service Dominant Logic, it is possible to understand logic of a local information service. At the same time, it is recognized that a value co-creation between a destination and a tourist is a key to make a better local information service. Therefore, applying the value co-creation to local information service may have possibly to enhance tourists' memorable experience and satisfaction.
  • 宮崎 裕二
    2016 年 23 巻 p. 125-134
    発行日: 2016年
    公開日: 2019/06/12
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    In global tourism competition among countries, regions and cities, place branding has become one of significant role. A joint report by United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and European Tourism Commission (ETC) remarks that place branding will be increasingly important and valuable. However, very little attention has been paid to place branding in Japan partly because place branding is more often argued within the framework of “Chiiki Brand” than its universal principle itself. This exploratory research revealed significant differences between place branding and “Chiiki Brand” after carried out quantitative research to 141 dissertations relating to place branding throughout the world. One of the key findings is that culture plays a pivotal role in place branding.
  • 安本 宗春
    2016 年 23 巻 p. 135-143
    発行日: 2016年
    公開日: 2019/06/12
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    This paper attempts to examine the roles played by long-living companies for intrinsic regional development based on tourism by using the case of Daimaru-asunaroso as an example. Among long-living companies, for Japanese style inns featuring natural hot spring baths (onsen-ryokan) to implement sustainable business development, it is indispensable to become rooted in the region and to collaborate with the local community by earning its confidence and trust. To this end, it is important not only to manage the onsen-ryokan but to be involved in a wide range of local and non-local business projects. It can be understood that such activities serve as the foundation for intrinsic regional development based on tourism and play the role of linking the focal points of business transactions. Industrial links rooted in the region are generated from the collaboration within the region involving long-living companies.
  • 山路 顕
    2016 年 23 巻 p. 145-153
    発行日: 2016年
    公開日: 2019/06/12
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    Current open sky trend initiated by US Open Sky strategy has spread all over the world to “EU Single Aviation Area” which model will be introduced into ASEAN within 2015, to “Australia-New Zealand Integrated Aviation Market”, and to 116 bilateral open skies models with US. Regardless this trend, single exception is Japan-China-Korea, Northeast Asian area, while these 3 countries have intimate ties of fluid of people and trade. Although Japanese governmental initiatives for open sky under “Asia Open Sky Initiative”, has almost fulfilled its bilateral objectives, it has not aimed at multilateral area-pen sky. Acknowledging unpredictable political initiatives in this region, this study focuses on activating initiatives by Global Alliance introducing more liberalized operations in this region, to area- open sky structured among 3 countries to be realized in foreseeable future.
  • 山田 雄一, 柿島 あかね
    2016 年 23 巻 p. 155-160
    発行日: 2016年
    公開日: 2019/06/12
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    In recent years, regional development through tourism has been attracting interest in our country. It has been of particular interest as a policy measure that is effective in responding to a society with a declining population. Increases and decreases in population size impacting tourism trends in communities with shrinking populations can be regarded as fertile ground for debate. Despite this fact, however, there is a paucity of research addressing the relation between numbers of tourists and population. In this research, we will therefore conduct a quantitative examination of the regions of Japan in terms of three points: 1) population in relation to tourist visits, 2) population in relation to variations in numbers of tourist visits, and 3) population decline in relation to variations in numbers of tourist visits.
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