Myojoji, which is located in Hakui city, Ishikawa prefecture, is one of the head temples for Nichiren Buddhism in the Hokuriku area. This temple is one of the Maeda clan in Kaga Domain. We tried to make clear the features of the spatial composition and the landscape in Myojoji Temple Shoin Garden by using 3D measurement, direct measurement and an excavation survey. As the result, we led 5 garden compositions. They are (1) frat land, (2) pond, (3) crane stone arrangement, (4) tortoise stone arrangement, (5) inclined plane. In addition, this garden was designed as a crane-and-tortoise garden, and the garden is including the Five-Story Pagoda and Bodhidharma's Hall as the borrowed scenery. In particular, the flat stone, which is put on the center of the east shore of the pond, and Jufukuin’s tomb are positioned as a straight line.
Shofuku Temple in Nagasaki is one of the first temples built for Chinese in Japan. The buildings of the temple is known for the Chinese style and designated as the cultural property by the government, however, the garden of hojo (the main room of the residence) has not been investigated and maintained. This study analyzed the original design and usage of the garden based on the old documents and the land survey of the current garden. The results showed, although Shofuku Temple is a Zen temple, the garden was designed not only for meditative purpose but also for the sencha style tea ceremony, and was the first example of the “Sukiya style garden” in Japan.
In this article, we examine the role MORI Osamu (1905-1988) played in the investigation, research, preservation and renovation of historical gardens during Japan’s modern era. First, we provide a full picture of the main currents in Japanese garden history studies and the main leaders in garden restoration in order to compare them with Mori’s activities. As a result, we can point out the following characteristic points: 1) Mori based his research about Japanese garden history on a dual analysis of gardens and architecture. 2) He did not focus on only one period but developed a historical discourse which considers the whole Japanese history. 3) For the surveys, he put an emphasis on topography in order to understand the original state of the gardens. 4) He made practical use of the first excavation surveys and the new information they provided. 5) From investigation to restoration, Mori lead global and systematic research about historical garden preservation.