This paper examines safety and security in communities from the perspective of context change and contends the importance of breaking free from the prevailing thought. The following six assertions are made. The first assertion is a context change from “unexpected” to “unable to cope”. Second is a context change that separates public help from mutual assistance and self-help. Third is a context change to post-emergency emphasis derived from resilience. Fourth is a context change toward integration of peacetime and emergency. Fifth is a context change to self-help required in life design, and the sixth is a context change in the orientation of communication in risk management.
Resilience is what gives people the strength to cope with crisis, and because of its usefulness and intriguing nature, a large number of studies have been conducted in recent years. In this paper, we have examined the practical relevance of resilience studies and categorized them into three groups represented by the following metaphors: “shape-memory materials”, “cure” and “narrative”. Under each metaphor, we discuss how one could use resilience studies to help overcome crisis (as preparation and recovery) and also to utilize crisis (as a learning opportunity).
The purpose of this study is to illuminate current issues facing Computer Security Incident Response Teams (CSIRTs) in Japan by discussing two CSIRT processes: constructing organizational resilience and falling into a “resilience trap.” Through interview-based case studies, we find that CSIRTs face an organizational dilemma. Ensuring present resilience by coping with security incidents reduces future resilience by reducing opportunities to train team members to deal with future incidents. It is vital for Japanese CSIRTs to find solutions to this dilemma, which we call the resilience trap.
This paper discusses about four context conversions on safety and peace of mind in people’s daily life; context conversion, from “out of prediction” to “out of coverage”; of separating “public help” from “self-help” and “mutual help”; from “prevention” to “postvention” for “resilience”; towards integration of “peacetime” and “emergency” through the four case studies of NGO/NPO activities for helping the poor in Philippines. In developing countries, self-reliant and endogenous development is effective concept both for independence of the individual poor and the community. As for resilience of the community, the concept of postvention procedure is more important than prevention of disasters, etc
Some companies which boast their long history have old factories in the city’s busy quarters. They
sometimes create a green land on the site after they remove the factories. The purpose of this paper is to discuss and to reveal the significance of the creation making reference to the concept of resilience. There is a deep relationship between the regional resilience and the disposition of the company in the sense that they reinforce each other in the long run. This paper describes the state of the KOMATSU NO MORI which is located in the Ishikawa Prefecture as an example of the green land.
The purpose of this paper is to examine the transformation of “discourse” and “gaze” over CCTV, in case of two areas of Kansai. Particularly, we pay attention to pioneering cases of full-scale installation of street CCTV and cases where a local administrative organ started location information service to residents. Therefore, this paper has the following structure. First, we outline the discussion about CCTV. Next, we will introduce the perspectives of sociomateriality. Then, we will introduce two cases. One is Nishinari-ku, Osaka-shi (that is, Airin area; in common name is “Kamagasaki”), famous as a pioneering example of large-scale street CCTV. The other is Itami City which installed about 1,000 street CCTVs in the city with the slogan “Japan’s safe and secure city”. By comparing with these cases, we want to clarify the transformation of “discourse” and “gaze” over CCTV.
: In order to develop the abilities for the “requirement analysis” that is needed to make the project a
success, we carried out the “tailoring” that reflected the opinions of the practitioners. We did so by using the body of knowledge on international standards. Based on this causal analysis and the Pareto Analysis, we prioritize what was important. Following this procedure, we visualized as our “goal model”, the causal relationship between the important items for the purpose of acquiring the work skills that are vital for the business analysts of IT projects. Then we provided an educational program to make verification by assessment of the questionnaire.
It has been difficult to conduct a national survey on the population with limited access to shopping
facilities (PLA) using the geographic location data of shopping facilities. Yakushiji and Takahashi (2012) proposed a method to estimate PLA, using the mesh statistics. Although this method made it possible to estimate PLA without the geographic location data, high performance computational environment was required. This paper proposed the simple model using mesh statistics and the PC level of the computing environment to estimate PLA. Using real data of Hokkaido area, it was verified that the calculation accuracy of the proposed model was comparable to the method of Yakushiji and Takahashi (2012).
So far, few study discusses the difference among the concepts of “user Co-Creation field,” which leads to a concepts confusion. We are motivated to deeply discussed the concepts of this field (e.g., Peer Production, Prosumer,, Collective Intelligence, etc.). In detail, we categorize the concepts in four types from the usage perspective. We then explain the backgrounds and the contexts of concepts in order to clarify their relationships. Besides, we investigate the negative outcomes bear from the concepts confusion and provide some suggestions for the future study. This study adds to the literature by showing an alternative way to clarify the concepts of “user Co-Creation field”.