Objectives: The study purpose was to examine quality-of-life (QOL) of pediatric cancer patients at end-of-life and related factors using a QOL proxy rating scale from the nurse’s perspective. Methods: We conducted a survey in October 2015−February 2016. The subjects to be surveyed were nurses who were primarily in charge of patients with childhood cancer at end-of-life. We investigated 22 items of the Good Death Inventory for Pediatrics (GDI-P) and their related factors. Results: In total, 53 proxy evaluate questionnaires were completed from 18 centers. Among the eight factors of GDI-P, “Relief from physical and psychological suffering” was the lowest. The total score of GDI-P was positively correlated with the structure and process of care (r=0.58). Although there was a bias in the number of cases, in the case of the place of death was the intensive care unit, the total score of GDI-P was lower than home and the general ward. Conclusions: It was suggested that the top priority in improving QOL was relief from suffering and the structure and process of care were related to QOL.
Objective: The aim of this study is to elaborate on the nutritional intervention in a multimodal intervention (the NEXTAC-ONE program) for the elderly with advanced cancer and to evaluate its tolerability Methods: We prospectively recruited patients aged ≥70 years scheduled to receive first-line chemotherapy for advanced pancreatic or non-small-cell lung cancer. Three nutritional intervention were planned in 8-week study period. The nutritional counseling consists of standard nutritional advice, evaluation and support for nutrition impact symptom, and evaluation and support for eating-related distress and food environment problems. We also provide the oral nutritional supplements rich in Branched Chain Amino Acids (BCAA). Results: 29 patients (96%) of a total of 30 study registrants participated in all three nutrition interventions. Median proportion of days in which patients recorded a nutritional diary was 90%. Median consumption of supplements was 99 %. There was no adverse event associated with nutritional intervention. Conclusions: Our nutritional intervention program showed an excellent compliance in the elderly with advanced cancer patients, and our data indicated a potential protective effect on nutritional deterioration.
Objective: This study aimed to investigate self-perceived burden (SPB) on families experienced by patients with cancer undergoing outpatient chemotherapy, and factors that affect SPB. Methods: Self-administered questionnaires were sent to patients with cancer in 17 designated cancer care hospitals. Of 1,981 effective responses (response rate 54.7%), 600 patients with cancer undergoing outpatient chemotherapy were included in this study. Results: More than 85% of participants reported SPB on their families. Multiple logistic regression analyses revealed independent physical and social factors that influenced the SPB on families among patients with cancer undergoing outpatient chemotherapy. Physical factor was recurrent or metastasized. Social factors were 40s or younger; living with families; marital history; worries of work or financial problems; worries of interpersonal relationship with families and others. Discussion and Implications: Our findings suggest that medical staff may need to offer psychological care according to patient’s cancer progression and support according to their social background to reduce SPB on their families.
Purpose: Naldemedine is a peripheral µ-opioid receptor antagonist, including the treatment of opioid-induced constipation (OIC) . However, diarrhea is known as its side effect. We conducted a study focusing on the administration period of opioid analgesics before the start of naldemedine to clear predictors of diarrhea due to Naldemedine. Method: All data were retrospectively collected from the electronic medical record system. We investigated patients who initially administrated naldemedine at Nagasaki University Hospital from June 1 2017 to March 31 2019. Result: One hundred thirty-two patients were subject of investigation. The incidence of diarrhea was 25.0%. The result of the multivariate analysis showed that significant predictors of diarrhea were associated with the opioid analgesics usage period longer than 7 days before naldemedine initiation (odds ratio: 3.76, 95% confidence interval: 1.53-9.20, p=0.004). Discussion: When naldemedine was used for OIC, diarrhea may be avoided by using within 7 days after opioid analgesics.
We report a case of refractory cancer pain that was successfully treated with opioid switching by adding methadone to the preceding opioid. A 38-year-old man had severe epigastric pain and back pain because of paraaortic lymph node metastasis of a gastroesophageal junctional carcinoma. His pain was treated with continuous intravenous morphine administration and the frequent use of a rescue dose. When the morphine dose was increased, respiratory depression developed; thus, his pain was considered refractory to the morphine, and methadone was added on. The pain was relieved after initiating methadone, and the frequency of the rescue dose was markedly decreased. The methadone dose was gradually increased in parallel, and the morphine dose was reduced and finally discontinued. No methadone-induced side effects were noted, and the patient was discharged with good analgesia. In our case, adding methadone without decreasing the preceding opioid dose under strict monitoring made it possible to stably switch the opioid without increasing pain.
Background: We experienced two cases where fentanyl relieved pregnant women of their cancer pain. Case 1: A pain in the lower back of a 30-year-old woman since the 30th week of her pregnancy for multiple myeloma. We started fentanyl continuous intravenous infusion on the first day of the 34th week and gradually increased the dosage to 32 μg/h. Elective cesarean section was performed on the 1st day of week 36. The child was born without problems. Case 2: A 34-year-old woman was diagnosed with stomach cancer in the 22nd week of her pregnancy. Fracture on the twelfth thoracic vertebra was also found. Continuous-subcutaneous-infusion of fentanyl was started and the dosage was escalated to 24 μg/h , which reduced her pain. Chemotherapy was effective for her cancer and did not affect the fetus. At week 34, elective cesarean section was carried out. Because the child presented cyanosis immediately after birth, tracheal intubation was performed, but extubated on the next day without problem. Conclusion: Fentanyl was found to be effective for reducing cancer pain in the two cases. Although the existence of causal relationship is unknown, cyanosis was observed in one case.
Stiff-person syndrome (SPS) is an extremely rare disease that is characterised by progressive rigidity and muscle spasms affecting the axial and limb muscles and is difficult to diagnose. In SPS, autoantibodies such as anti-GAD antibody or anti-amphiphysin antibody may be proved, and it is speculated that SPS is GABAergic neurons disorder with the central nervous system due to these antibodies. We report a case of advanced breast cancer with a paraneoplastic SPS. Case: A 52-year-old woman was diagnosed with advanced breast cancer with bilateral multiple lung metastases, bilateral cancerous pleurisy, multiple liver metastases, cancerous peritonitis, and bilateral ovarian metastases. Anti-cancer treatment was not indicated due to poor condition, and oxygenation and pleural drainage and ascites drainage were performed in the palliative care unit. A series of symptoms due to muscle rigidity progressed rapidly which initially manifested as dysphagia, then stiffness of the upper extremities and locomotive disability. So she was diagnosed as paraneoplastic SPS by a neurologist. Despite the partial efficacy of diazepam, it was difficult to increase dosage due to sedation.