Abstract The home advantage has been popular phenomenon in sport. However, very little systematic research has been carried out in Japan. The purpose of the present paper is to provide an empirical evidence of the home advantage in the Nippon Professional Baseball （NPB）. The results revealed that home winning percentage in the NPB was 55.3%. There were no differences in degree of home advantage between the NPB and the Major League Baseball （MLB）. We discussed four factors thought to be responsible for home advantage.
Abstract By using the presentation of cooperative research report took place at the end of Taisho era was a salaried worker and the worker's family income. As a result, household income only a salaried worker, the worker's , can't live. Many household family income are insignificant of all spending was. Average household income of the salaried man is higher than the worker's .Household primary income, found that many family income other than income. On the other hand, Tokyo and Osaka area compared to the lower is household income, the income of the entire household Tohoku and Tyugoku area with. Percentage of family income in salaried 11.0% and 15.0% the worker's . The worker's was that a high percentage of family income. Taisho era was being encouraged by avocation. Handicraft has been encouraged as a side job family. Want to analyze the side job of the family were encouraged as a national policy on future
Abstract A field survey of the seed plants around Cameron Highlands, Peninsular Malaysia was conducted from 10 to 12 Feb. 2011. 44 species of seed plants were documented. Parasitic plants,Rafflesia kerrii Meijer in Temiar Rafflesia Sanctum, Lojing Highlands, Kelantan and Rafflesia cantleyi Solms in Ulu Geroh, Gopeng, Perak were reported. Carnivorous plants, Nepenthes macfarlanei Hemsl. and Nepenthes sanguinea Lindl. in Gunung Brinchang, Perak and Nepenthes gracilis Korth. in roadside of Cameron Highland New Road, Perak were documented. Terrestrial orchid, Carybas carinatus（J.J.Sm.） Schltr. in Gunung Brinchang was reported. The characteristics of the observed typical seed plants were described.
Abstract The productivity and the quality evaluation （color, sugar content and pollen grain in honey） of honey from Gejkwo"ecpfkecpu（echium honey） harvested 2012 were investigated in order to confirm the repeatability of echium honey harvested 2010. Moreover, the sensory evaluation experiment of the semantic differential （SD）method for the purpose of presenting the index of the utilization of echium honey was done. The productivity of echium honey was estimated to be 101,000 kg・ha-1. In comparison with other domestic honey （acacia honey from Tqdkpkc"rugwfqcecekc and apple honey from Ocnwu"rwoknc）, the color of echium honey was brighter than acacia honey and apple honey. Also, the sugar content （Brix） was higher than acacia honey and apple honey. These findings were consistent with the characteristics of echium honey harvested 2010. There were fewer counters of pollen grain of echium honey than acacia honey. In the sensory evaluation of SD method, the image of echium honey had peculiar, persistent, bitter and rough taste which were compared to acacia honey. Multiple regression analysis showed that the indicator of palatability associated with the non-persisting and high-grade factor. In the present study, the production of echium honey from Gejkwo"ecpfkecpu confirmed the repeatability and the characteristic of echium honey were shown.
Abstract A series of natural disasters have happened here in Japan. People who basically need social care services are also the people who need special support in disasters. So the countermeasures for those people include both preparedness and response for disasters. This paper deals with counterplans to support the elderly people in disaster, which are now being developed for the mitigation strategies for victims. This features both a disaster prevention approach and a social welfare support approach. Joining both approaches is more effective than either approach alone. Each requires the cooperation between two approaches and collaboration with people in the community. Community general support center could be one of the key institutions to help elderly people in disasters. Thus, in the long run, social policy for disaster should be formulated integrating the Departments of Disaster Mitigation and Social Welfare.
Abstract How do students of two year system childcare worker training school perceive “Little child understanding”, and is there any deference between the first grade and the second grade in perception? With an aim to clarify how it is different from childcare worker, research was done. It turned out that students have less consciousness to enthusiastically engage in and understand “children with special needs” than childcare workers. Nevertheless, they felt they understood “children with special needs” better than childcare workers. Some students see “children with special needs” as observation object only, and it can be said lots of them do not have attitude to have expansivity and responsibility to positively participate as childcare workers. Some of the first graders recognize that knowing wants and requests of children means they can understand them. And some do not comprehend actual meaning of “understand feeling”. On the contrary, the second graders show will to positively engage in “children with special needs” to establish trust relationship with knowing their characteristics and they are close to consciousness of childcare workers who look for the way suitable for the child.
Abstract We investigated the relationship between the impression evaluation （ 4 items of color scheme, design, naming and comprehensive evaluation ） and purchase intent of the group planting container of 15 works by the womanʼs junior college students. As a result, the planting container that the womanʼs junior college students want to buy scored high impression evaluation points. But the price of purchase intent was lower than the actual price. As for the above result, the main limiting factor of the purchase intent of the group planting container was guessed as a price for womenʼs junior college students.