Mycoscience
Online ISSN : 1618-2545
Print ISSN : 1340-3540
Volume 64, Issue 1
Displaying 1-5 of 5 articles from this issue
Full paper
  • Atsushi Yamazaki, Wanlapa Lorliam, Masataka Uchino, Ken-ichiro Suzuki, ...
    2022 Volume 64 Issue 1 Pages 1-10
    Published: December 26, 2022
    Released on J-STAGE: January 31, 2023
    Advance online publication: December 26, 2022
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    Supplementary material

    To understand the species distribution, diversity, and density of lipomycetaceous yeasts in soil based on their north-to-south location in Japan, 1146 strains were isolated from soil samples at 11 locations from Hokkaido to Okinawa Prefecture and taxonomically characterized.

    Lipomycetaceous yeast strains were isolated efficiently from soil by selecting watery mucoid-like colonies on agar plates with nitrogen-depleted medium. Twenty-four (80%) of the 30 known species of the genus Lipomyces were isolated from the soil samples collected in Japan, including species recently proposed. Among the species isolated, L. starkeyi was the most predominant in Japan, except on Iriomote Island, Okinawa, and accounted for 60-98% of the isolated strains. Lipomyces yarrowii was the dominant species on Iriomote Island (64%). The second most dominant species were L. chichibuensis in Saitama Prefecture and L. doorenjongii from Yamaguchi to Okinawa Prefecture. The species diversity of lipomycetaceous yeasts was in Japan and the significant correlation with the latitude of the sampling sites was revealed.

  • Roselyn Jove Uy, Miyuki Kayamori, Chiharu Nakashima
    2022 Volume 64 Issue 1 Pages 11-18
    Published: December 26, 2022
    Released on J-STAGE: January 31, 2023
    Advance online publication: December 26, 2022
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    Supplementary material

    Chinese yam (Dioscorea polystachya) has been cultivated as a food crop in Japan. The blue mold disease of Chinese yam during the storage and treatment of forced sprouting is one of the hindrances in attaining productivity that can lead to food security in tropical countries and steady farming that will eventually lead to farmers' profitability. In this study, three species of the genus Penicillium related to the blue mold of yam were isolated from two locations in Hokkaido, Japan. From the morphology and phylogeny, these were Penicillium albocoremium, P. polonicum, and P. sclerotigenum. Pathogenicity was confirmed in all Penicillium-like isolates, and sensitivity against benomyl was evaluated based on MIC. The first two species were newly recorded as the causal fungi of the blue mold of yam in Japan, and the pathogenicity of P. albocoremium is first confirmed in yam seed tuber. Moreover, some isolates showed possible resistance to benomyl.

  • Nitaro Maekawa, Ryo Sugawara, Hiroki Kogi, Shungo Norikura, Kozue Soto ...
    2023 Volume 64 Issue 1 Pages 19-34
    Published: January 31, 2023
    Released on J-STAGE: January 31, 2023
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    Supplementary material

    Species of Hypochnicium (Polyporales, Basidiomycota) collected from Japan were studied on their taxonomy by morphological and phylogenetic approaches. Phylogenetic analyses based on a nrDNA LSU and ITS dataset including the Japanese specimens and other publicly available ones show that Hypochnicium is polyphyletic. Since the clade containing the type species H. bombycinum was well-supported, we defined this clade as Hypochnicium s. str., and emended Hypochnicium to include restricted taxa with only smooth basidiospores. The new genus Neohypochnicium is proposed to accommodate the remaining taxa excluded from the genus Hypochnicium s. str., which includes both species with smooth basidiospores and ornamented ones. Three new species, Gyrophanopsis japonica, N. asiaticum and N. perlongicystidiosum are described and illustrated based on morphological and phylogenetic analyses using an ITS region dataset. In addition, the following 15 new combinations are proposed: N. albostramineum, N. aotearoae, N. capitulateum, N. cremicolor, N. cystidiatum, N. geogenium, N. guineense, N. huinayense, N. michelii, N. microsporum, N. patagonicum, N. pini, N. punctulatum, N. subrigescens and N. wakefieldiae. An identification key to Japanese species of Bulbillomyces, Gyrophanopsis, Hypochnicium and Neohypochnicium is provided.

Short Communication
  • Sarah Hambleton, Miao Liu
    2022 Volume 64 Issue 1 Pages 35-39
    Published: December 26, 2022
    Released on J-STAGE: January 31, 2023
    Advance online publication: December 26, 2022
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    The telial stage of Puccinia chunjiei was described in 2012 from a single specimen collected in China (DAOM 240982). This species is the closest relative of P. graminis but differs in telial morphology on their grass hosts and in DNA sequences. As part of a DNA-barcoding project for rust herbarium specimens, collections of the aecial stage of P. graminis on Berberis were processed. For one specimen, BPI 1103856, the ITS sequence matched that of P. chunjiei and the aecial morphology differed from P. graminis. An expanded description of P. chunjiei is presented with photographs of the aecial stages of both species.

Note
  • Hiroki Sato, Sayaka Ban, Tsuyoshi Hosoya
    2022 Volume 64 Issue 1 Pages 40-46
    Published: December 26, 2022
    Released on J-STAGE: January 31, 2023
    Advance online publication: December 26, 2022
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    Dr. Kobayasi and Mr. Shimizu described 31 species of Cordyceps infecting Lepidoptera. Holotype specimens of 14 species and two authentic specimens of one of the 31 species were rediscovered from a herbarium of the National Museum of Nature and Science (TNS). Registration numbers (TNS-F-number) were given to these 16 specimens, and one was lectotypified as follows. Holotypes: Metarhizium indigoticum TNS-F-230337; Yosiokobayasia kusanagiensis TNS-F-197994 (Clavicipitaceae); Beauveria hepialidicola (Kobayasi & Shimizu) Hirok. Sato, S. Ban & Hosoya, comb. nov. TNS-F-197986; Cordyceps ampullacea TNS-F-197981, Cordyceps militaris f. alba TNS-F-230340, Cordyceps ochraceostromata TNS-F-195471, and Cordyceps rosea TNS-F-197972 (Cordyceps sensu stricto, Cordycipitaceae); Ophiocordyceps aurantia TNS-F-195485, Ophiocordyceps cochlidiicola TNS-F-195470, and Ophiocordyceps hiugensis TNS-F-197978 (Ophiocordy-cipitaceae); and Cordyceps changpaishanensis TNS-F-195501, Cordyceps ootakiensis TNS-F-197976, Cordyceps shimizui TNS-F-197995, and Cordyceps sulfurea TNS-F-197974 (Cordyceps sensu lato). Lectotype: Cordyceps bulolensis TNS-F-230327 (Cordyceps sensu lato). A new combination Beauveria hepialidicola comb. nov., is proposed for Cordyceps hepialidicola based on morphological observations.

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