Existing research often cites continuity as a characteristic of organizational identity. In today’s world of dramatically changing business environments, however, how are organizations to maintain continuity? This paper uses text mining to analyze 14 years of annual reports, from 2002 to 2014, of FUJIFILM Holdings Corporation to understand changes in characteristic terms. Results showed that even as the market for FUJIFILM’s primary business, photographic film, shrunk dramatically, the term “film” continued to be used in various contexts, and the meaning of the term updated in response to changes in the company’s business structure. The company’s management used this process to deliberately keep continuity in an effort to maintain organizational identity.
Japanese firms' compliance activities have developed and become the norm to a certain extent. However, when we surveyed seven companies in various industries, including two firms that have experienced scandals, through interviews and public documents, we found that these seven firms' compliance systems were surprisingly similar. This is because the institutionalization of compliance activities among Japanese firms has advanced under the influence of the Japan Business Federation and the Japanese government, and in fact, the mechanism of Dimaggio and Powell's institutional isomorphism is at work. We believe that this is because the isomorphism in compliance activities that has developed independently of performance or of the ability to prevent scandals.
This study conducted a questionnaire survey (N = 2938) examining the relationship between office behavior and creativity. The analysis showed a positive correlation between creativity and three behavioral characteristics (collaboration, flexibility, and demonstration) in an office environment. However, these correlations vary depending on individuals’ personalities. In particular, those with creative personalities cannot augment their creativity if the office does not possess extraordinarily high levels of the three behavioral characteristics as creativity cannot be enhanced very much in an office with only a medium level of these characteristics. At the same time, those who do not have a creative personality can increase their creativity even when they are in an office with a medium level of the three behavioral characteristics. However, turning an office into a place with extraordinarily high levels of these behavioral characteristics does not necessarily enhance creativity. In other words, office policies that consider creative personalities are required.
There is a general preconception that existing technologies are replaced by new ones. Christensen (1997) believed that integrated steelmaking technologies would be replaced by minimills in the steel industry. In addition, it was believed that traditional blast furnace technology in this industry would be replaced by FINEX technology. Whether it be the new technology of minimills or that of FINEX, either are vastly superior in cost when compared with existing technologies. In actuality, however, these new technologies have only replaced some existing technologies and even today are merely complementary to existing technologies. Both of these new technologies have issues with quality, and companies have not yet decided to discard existing technologies to replace them with the new ones.