Background:The mobile cloud electrocardiography (C-ECG) system is useful for reducing door-to-balloon (DTB) time in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS), but few studies have reported the usefulness of the C-ECG system across a wide provincial prefecture, such as Oita, in Japan.
Methods and Results:On 17 April 2017, the C-ECG system was integrated into the Oita remote image transmission system, in 10 ambulances of 10 respective fire departments in Oita Prefecture. During 6 months, 162 ECG indicating suspected ACS were transmitted to 18 hospitals using the C-ECG system. Of 162 patients, 17 who received emergency percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were assigned to the cloud group (mean age, 71±11 years). The control group consisted of 29 consecutive ACS patients who were transported to Oita University Hospital without using the C-ECG system (mean age, 66±12 years). Another 40 consecutive patients were diagnosed with ACS before transportation to Oita University Hospital, and were assigned to the diagnosed group (mean age, 70±14 years). DTB time (70±26 min vs. 96±24 min, P<0.005) and door-to-catheterization laboratory time (33±20 min vs. 53±22 min, P<0.0001) were shorter in the cloud group than in the control group, respectively.
Conclusions:C-ECG system integration in Oita Prefecture was useful to appropriately transfer ACS patients to hospital and to facilitate earlier PCI than in the conventional diagnostic system.
Background:Electrocardiogram (ECG) findings of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH; ECG-LVH) are observed in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), but the prognostic importance is unclear. The present study assessed the impact of QRS voltage on long-term outcomes, including mortality and rehospitalization, in patients with DCM using a database of patients hospitalized for worsening heart failure (HF).
Methods and Results:We analyzed a total of 261 patients with DCM in the Japanese Cardiac Registry of Heart Failure in Cardiology (JCARE-CARD), a prospective cohort studying the characteristics and treatments in a broad sample of HF patients. ECG-LVH were diagnosed according to the Sokolow-Lyon voltage criteria. A total of 81 patients (31.0%) had ECG-LVH. During a mean follow-up period of 1.8 years, patients with ECG-LVH had a lower rate of all-cause death (9.0% vs. 20.3%, P=0.029) and composite of all-cause death and rehospitalization due to worsening HF (26.9% vs. 45.9%, P=0.007) than those without it. After multivariable adjustment, ECG-LVH was an independent negative predictor for the risk of composite all-cause death and rehospitalization (hazard ratio, 0.358; 95% CI: 0.157–0.857, P=0.049).
Conclusions:ECG-LVH were independently associated with better long-term outcome in patients with DCM.
Background:Insulin resistance as assessed using homeostasis model assessment ratio (HOMA-R) is associated with latent myocardial damage in apparently healthy subjects in health check. Meanwhile, diabetes mellitus (DM) is an unfavorable prognostic risk factor in patients with heart failure (HF). We examined the impact of pancreatic β-cell dysfunction on clinical outcomes in HF patients without DM.
Methods and Results:This study enrolled 312 HF patients without DM. Pancreatic β-cell dysfunction was defined as HOMA-β <30%. A total of 108 patients (35%) had β-cell dysfunction. Plasma brain natriuretic peptide was higher in patients with pancreatic β-cell dysfunction compared with those without (625.2 vs. 399.0 pg/mL, P<0.001). On Kaplan-Meier analysis, a significantly higher cardiovascular events rate was observed in patients with pancreatic β-cell dysfunction (log-rank test, P=0.001), but there was no significant difference between patients with and without insulin resistance. On Cox hazard analysis, pancreatic β-cell dysfunction was independently associated with cardiovascular events after adjustment for confounding factors (HR, 1.58; 95% CI: 1.02–2.45), whereas insulin resistance was not associated with cardiovascular events.
Conclusions:Pancreatic β-cell dysfunction, but not insulin resistance, was associated with unfavorable outcome in HF patients without DM.
Background:Circulating soluble neprilysin (sNEP) predicts outcome in heart failure (HF) patients with reduced ejection fraction (EF), but not in those with preserved EF. We examined sNEP in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), and their correlations with other biomarkers, cardiac function, and clinical outcome.
Methods and Results:We examined the associations between sNEP and the laboratory and echocardiography parameters in the HCM patients (n=93). Regarding the laboratory data, sNEP had a significant positive correlation with B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP; R=0.326, P=0.003), but not with troponin I. As for the echocardiographic parameters, sNEP negatively correlated with left ventricular EF (R=−0.283, P=0.009) and right ventricular fractional area change (R=−0.277, P=0.012), but not with left ventricular mass. Next, we prospectively followed up on the patients for cardiac events, including worsening HF or cardiac death, and all-cause mortality. On Kaplan-Meier analysis (mean follow-up, 1,021 days), the cardiac event rate and all-cause mortality were similar between the higher sNEP group (sNEP ≥median level of 1.43 ng/mL, n=46) and lower sNEP group (sNEP <1.43 ng/mL, n=47). On Cox proportional hazard analysis, sNEP was not a predictor of cardiac event or all-cause mortality.
Conclusions:Soluble neprilysin appears to correlate with BNP and cardiac systolic function, but it is not significantly associated with prognosis in HCM patients.
Background:This retrospective study was conducted to evaluate the safety and efficacy of ambrisentan combination therapy with phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) inhibitors in Japanese patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH).
Methods and Results:PAH patients who received ambrisentan for the first time in combination with a PDE5 inhibitor between January 2013 and the end of August 2015 were included in this study. Adverse drug reaction (ADR) safety analysis, as well as the efficacy analysis focusing on changes in clinical parameters, were investigated for overall cases and cases stratified by patient background. Forty-eight consecutive patients (n=21, 43.8% with idiopathic PAH; male/female, 18/30; average age, 43.3±17.4 years; World Health Organization functional class III/IV, n=22, 45.8%) who were treated with ambrisentan and a PDE5 inhibitor in Japan underwent the safety analysis. A total of 14 ADR occurred in 10 patients (20.8%). ADR included headache (8.3%), face edema (4.2%), angina pectoris (2.1%), hyperemia (2.1%), dyspnea (2.1%), pulmonary hypertension (i.e., worsening of PAH, 2.1%), nausea (2.1%), hepatic function abnormal (2.1%), edema (2.1%), and sudden death (2.1%). On analysis of hemodynamics parameters, there was a significant improvement in the mean pulmonary arterial pressure (−13.5 mmHg, P=0.0001) and pulmonary vascular resistance (−563.53 dyn·s·cm−5, P=0.0033).
Conclusions:Ambrisentan combination therapy is safe and effective in hemodynamics improvement.