Journal of Inclusive Education
Online ISSN : 2189-9185
ISSN-L : 2189-9185
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  • Judging from a Trend of Education Policy and Medical Technology
    Yukino NIITSU, Kazuhito NOGUCHI
    2022 Volume 11 Pages 94-109
    Published: August 30, 2022
    Released on J-STAGE: August 30, 2022
    JOURNAL OPEN ACCESS
    In these days, children with muscular dystrophy (MD) tend to enroll in local elementary schools and junior high schools rather than the health impairment children’s schools. However, it is not clear the enrollment status of children with MD in special needs schools, elementary schools or junior high schools had changed. Therefore, we considered a change in school enrolment of children with MD in schools for children with special needs focused on trend of medical technology and educational policy. According to this, it was suggested that school enrollment statue of children with MD changed after the 1980s, and the number of them in each special needs school including illness special needs schools where the most of them had enrolled have decreased. We regarded two following reasons as this change; The number of children with MD who choose local elementary schools and junior high schools have increased with the promotion of inclusive education and the progress of medical technologies, which are indicated in preceding studies. The number of children with MD have decreased with the spread of genetic diagnosis. Therefore, we need to compare the number of children with MD enrolled in each school to clarify the enrollment status of them, and also examine trends in the medical field such as genetic diagnosis, and changes in the educational system and educational environment.
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