The Journal of Human Relations
Online ISSN : 2433-1961
Print ISSN : 1340-8186
Volume 2 , Issue 1
Showing 1-22 articles out of 22 articles from the selected issue
  • Type: Cover
    1995 Volume 2 Issue 1 Pages Cover1-
    Published: October 25, 1995
    Released: November 01, 2017
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  • Type: Cover
    1995 Volume 2 Issue 1 Pages Cover2-
    Published: October 25, 1995
    Released: November 01, 2017
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  • Type: Appendix
    1995 Volume 2 Issue 1 Pages App1-
    Published: October 25, 1995
    Released: November 01, 2017
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  • Sugiko YAMAGUCHI
    Type: Article
    1995 Volume 2 Issue 1 Pages 1-10
    Published: October 25, 1995
    Released: November 01, 2017
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    There was a social upheaval from the late seventeenth-century to eighteenth-century. In the Middle Age, Catholicism penetrated in the mind of the people and after its corruption, they were obliged to find out their spiritual anchor. England was a country which had gone ahead with the modernizing, and formed the modern civil society at an early stage. In the modern society, an individual was considered that one who has his own way of thinking, desire and actions. Then people should judge if his act was right or wrong by himself. An outward restriction was not effective for such people, as they need the inward one. Thus, a concept of 'conscience' was noticed There were two theories in the English moral philosophy at that period. One was developed by Hobbes and Manderville, and the other was by Shaftesbury and Hutcheson. In the history of moral philosophic the former is called 'egoism' and the latter, 'altruism'. The former considers that Man's nature is based on 'self-preservation' or 'self-love', therefore it asserts that it is necessary to place outward restriction. On the other hand, the latter is asserting that its nature is based on not only 'self-preservation' or 'self-love' but also 'fellow-feeling' or 'benevolence'. A. Smith holds the view which is inherited and unified these two moral theories and asserts as below : 'self-love' or 'self-preservation' should not be denied, however, these must fall under the feeling with which 'the impartial spectator' feels 'sympathy'. This theory parallels judgements of morals. If the impartial spectator feels sympathy with the act, it would consider right. If not, wrong. However, even the impartial spectator's judge is not always perfect. One should have ear for opinions of 'real spectators' who live in this society.
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  • Rie TAKAHASHI, Yasushi TAKAHASHI
    Type: Article
    1995 Volume 2 Issue 1 Pages 11-18
    Published: October 25, 1995
    Released: November 01, 2017
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    System (2) : An Issue of Communications to Construct a Computer Integrated Manufacturing System Computer integrated manufacturing (CIM) is expected to be an effective function for enterprise operations. However, it does not work well at present, because of the human factor issue besides the technological factor. The issue includes how to spread the new concepts produced by the progress of computer system, and it also includes human communication. "Tacit understanding" plays an important role in Japanese culture that is different from Western communication style. Accordingly, there are some requirements to change of current Japanese communication style to construct effective CIM system. However, we believe that the state of human relation should not be changed by computer system. Computer system is created by human being, and they must be harmonized with human society. To achieve "tacit understanding" through computer system, "communication media for tacit understanding" and "the field to create common experiences for tacit understanding" are necessary. The current progress of computer technologies, such as network system and multi-media, will build a context for that kind of communication in near future. Moreover, the progress will be also achieved with consensus through that kind of communication.
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  • Takao UEHARA
    Type: Article
    1995 Volume 2 Issue 1 Pages 19-29
    Published: October 25, 1995
    Released: November 01, 2017
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    This study based on practical observations of the activities among non-attendance-at-school children during the two camping trips sponsored by the Education Board of Nagano Prefecture from July 7 to 8, and August 7 to 12, 1995, at Mochizuki, Nagano. Of fifty four children twenty eight were elementary, and twenty six were junior high school pupils. The author participated as the director of the program and the coordinator of the 18 staff members and prefectural government officials. The findings we made through observations are: 1) They were active in participating various activities, adjusting themselves to the new environments. 2) They cooperated and made friends with other children, overcoming confrontations. 3) They successfully formed human relationships with other particpants, staff, prefectural officials. It is generally believed that they hardly form any human relations and very reluctant in social activities. However, the findings suggest they can lead normal social life if guided properly. We have to add that they had greater difficulty to form good human relationships with those of the same or younger. Therefore, it can be said that the older they become the greater difficulties they face to go back to normal school life.
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  • Kiyoshi HAYASHI
    Type: Article
    1995 Volume 2 Issue 1 Pages 31-39
    Published: October 25, 1995
    Released: November 01, 2017
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    We human beings exist in related circumstances. Within these circumstances, there are difficulties for development and/or adjustment. Roles of social support help people who experience difficulties in these situations. The author defines social support as a function that supports ones basic need to live effectively. In this paper the author examine on roles of social support from the following viewpoints : 1. The degree of support as related to the degree of emotional impact of events (hypothesis #1), 2. The degree of support as relatd to the degree of depressive coping abilities (hypothesis #2). When one is faced with traumatic events, one will have symptoms of Post Traumatic Stress Disorders as an after effect. If one has an effective support system, the negative effects will not be great. Also, the roles of support and of depressive coping abilities are related. To examine these hypothesis of cognition as related to social support, the author did a survey in July, 1994 on 157 junior college students by, means of a questionnaire. The survey included an itemized analysis of the Impact of Event Schedule (Horowitz, et al.), and the Depressive Coping Questionnaire (Joseph, et al.) which was amended. The results of this survey showed that hypothesis #1 cannot be examined but hypothesis #2 can be. Ones positive cognition of resources of support will allow one to control tasks and problems faced. This is the clinical meaning of social support. It is possible to set people who have trained as a specialist to social support networks within communities. With regard to the above what kind of strategies should be emloyed? This can be considered as one of the mental components of a social security system.
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  • [in Japanese]
    Type: Article
    1995 Volume 2 Issue 1 Pages 41-43
    Published: October 25, 1995
    Released: November 01, 2017
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  • [in Japanese]
    Type: Article
    1995 Volume 2 Issue 1 Pages 44-47
    Published: October 25, 1995
    Released: November 01, 2017
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  • Type: Appendix
    1995 Volume 2 Issue 1 Pages 48-
    Published: October 25, 1995
    Released: November 01, 2017
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  • [in Japanese]
    Type: Article
    1995 Volume 2 Issue 1 Pages 49-50
    Published: October 25, 1995
    Released: November 01, 2017
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  • [in Japanese]
    Type: Article
    1995 Volume 2 Issue 1 Pages 51-53
    Published: October 25, 1995
    Released: November 01, 2017
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  • Type: Appendix
    1995 Volume 2 Issue 1 Pages 54-56
    Published: October 25, 1995
    Released: November 01, 2017
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  • Type: Appendix
    1995 Volume 2 Issue 1 Pages 57-59
    Published: October 25, 1995
    Released: November 01, 2017
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  • Type: Appendix
    1995 Volume 2 Issue 1 Pages 60-63
    Published: October 25, 1995
    Released: November 01, 2017
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  • Type: Appendix
    1995 Volume 2 Issue 1 Pages 64-73
    Published: October 25, 1995
    Released: November 01, 2017
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  • Type: Appendix
    1995 Volume 2 Issue 1 Pages 74-78
    Published: October 25, 1995
    Released: November 01, 2017
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  • Type: Appendix
    1995 Volume 2 Issue 1 Pages App2-
    Published: October 25, 1995
    Released: November 01, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (65K)
  • Type: Appendix
    1995 Volume 2 Issue 1 Pages App3-
    Published: October 25, 1995
    Released: November 01, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (65K)
  • Type: Appendix
    1995 Volume 2 Issue 1 Pages App4-
    Published: October 25, 1995
    Released: November 01, 2017
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (65K)
  • Type: Cover
    1995 Volume 2 Issue 1 Pages Cover3-
    Published: October 25, 1995
    Released: March 26, 2018
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (38K)
  • Type: Cover
    1995 Volume 2 Issue 1 Pages Cover4-
    Published: October 25, 1995
    Released: March 26, 2018
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (38K)
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