This paper clarifies characteristics of ballroom dance walking by integrating participatory observation of the lessons of world champions and three-dimensional motion analysis of their ballroom dance walking.
Walking gaits have been recognized in a traditional dichotomy as "ipsilateral (nanba) type walking" and "contralateral (twist) type walking": the former, with the same rotation cycle of the upper body and legs; and the latter, with the upper body and legs alternately shifted with a 180 degree lag. This paper presents "hydride walking" by a world champion, which differs from the traditional dichotomy. It has liminal characteristics (270 degree lag) intermediate of the two types. Deviation of the rotation cycle between the legs and the upper body have infinite possibilities of variety.
In ballroom dance instruction, the sensation of matching with the partner is emphasized, rather than a pattern of movement. Dancers designate this sensation as "chemistry," which creates unique movements and new corporeal techniques through the two dancers' body-to-body communication during ballroom dancing.
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