Freedom of expression is not only a cornerstone of democratic government, but also protects the right to advertise goods and services. Lawyers use communication to exercise their profession. Although the content of these communications is assumed protected intuitively, the scope is elusive. In this Article, I explore the types of regulations on lawyers speech,
especially the impact of the professional self-government contradicts professionals free speech interests indirectly.
Based on the case studies of disciplinary action by Bar Association in japan and the reflection from media perspective, I suggests that the rule “dignity of lawyer” is basically content-based regulation of speech and linked to multiple situations. Yet the expression of individual professionals’ advice to clients and its subsequences communication are most targetable , such rule also would be applicable to legal information of providing background knowledge, such as lawyer’s advice and statement from Media discourse even without professional-client relationship.
The purpose of this study is to expose what factors affect the acceptability of credit score services. In the analysis, conjoint analysis was performed based on the questionnaire survey. The survey revealed that the bounded rationality exists for individuals in the use of credit score services. The results of the conjoint analysis also revealed that scores are erased after service suspension and that opt-in consent is important. Furthermore, it was revealed that credit score services are not well recognized and that many individuals who are not aware of credit score services are resistant to them. Through this study, it was shown that further recognition is needed for credit score services to become more popular in the future. In addition, we have shown that there is a need for policies that support the limited rationality of individuals for future credit score services.
Net neutrality has been one of the most debated issues in the telecommunications policy arena since the 2000s. Japan is no exception, with the Japanese telecommunications authority working very hard to draft rules for net neutrality. In order to design optimal rules, we need to establish a clear and unambiguous definition of net neutrality in the Japanese context as well as policy measures to evaluate the optimality of the proposed policy package. To date, however, there is still no definition of net neutrality in the official document. There are only naïve applications of this concept that appear inconsistent with the articles of the Telecommunications Business Act of Japan, which aims to “ensure sound development of telecommunications and convenience for citizens and to promote the public welfare” (Article 1). In addition, because net neutrality rules have to provide solutions to the problems of the domestic market, there is no one-size-fits-all definition, i.e., the Japanese telecommunications authority must come up with its own unique version.
In this article, the author proposes a definition of Japanese net neutrality. It discusses who should be responsible for securing net neutrality in the broadband market, how to measure the degree of neutrality, and how we should deal with the issue of fair pricing to help policymakers design an optimal policy package.
This article records the lecture on Evaluation of the GDPR held at the University of Kyoto on 6. November 2019. Alexander Roßnagel, Professor of Public Law at the Kassel University, is renowned for his study in Data Protection Law, Environmental law and Technology and Law. In this Lecture he points out some defects of the GDPR and gives ideas for further development.