ENGLISH LINGUISTICS
Online ISSN : 1884-3107
Print ISSN : 0918-3701
ISSN-L : 0918-3701
Volume 28 , Issue 1
Showing 1-9 articles out of 9 articles from the selected issue
Invited Article
  • HISATSUGU KITAHARA
    2011 Volume 28 Issue 1 Pages 1-22
    Published: 2011
    Released: May 29, 2014
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    In this paper, after reviewing two distinct approaches to syntactic relations, Epstein et al.’s (1998) derivational approach and Chomsky’s (2000) compositional approach, I show that, given Epstein, Kitahara, and Seely’s (2010) analysis of structure-building (based on Merge (X, Y) => {X, Y}), the main empirical difference between these two approaches disappears. I then discuss Chomsky’s (2007, 2008) suggestion that c-command is eliminable in favor of probe-goal and minimal search conditions. If probe-goal and minimal search conditions are sufficient to characterize not only the empirically desirable aspects of c-command, but also other syntactically significant relations, then any further characterization of such relations appears to be superfluous.
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Brief Article
  • NAOYUKI AKASO, TOMOKO HARAGUCHI
    2011 Volume 28 Issue 1 Pages 91-106
    Published: 2011
    Released: May 29, 2014
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    This paper claims that the syntactic category of Japanese relative clauses can be larger than TP. The fact that Focus Particles can be found within Japanese relative clauses shows that the licenser, Focus-head, should be located at the CP-zone, adopting Rizzi’s (1997, 2004) cartographic analysis, on the assumption that Focus Particles can be licensed in situ. However, not every relative clause is larger than TP. We will present new data on Nominative/Genitive Conversion, which lead to a generalization that Focus Particles cannot appear in Japanese relative clauses where genitive subjects are allowed. This can be explained straightforwardly if we assume that Focus Phrase is missing in this type of relative clause. We will try to explore the mechanism of the case alternation phenomenon, with the refinement of Saito’s (2004) dichotomy of T (declarative T and adnominal T).
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