Comparative Education
Online ISSN : 2185-2073
Print ISSN : 0916-6785
ISSN-L : 0916-6785
Volume 1993 , Issue 19
Showing 1-29 articles out of 29 articles from the selected issue
  • [in Japanese]
    1993 Volume 1993 Issue 19 Pages 1-2
    Published: June 15, 1993
    Released: January 27, 2011
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
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  • Focusing on the Relationship with Ability in Language Usage
    Mitsuhiro Ikeda
    1993 Volume 1993 Issue 19 Pages 5-16,198
    Published: June 15, 1993
    Released: January 27, 2011
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    Singapore has a multiethnic and multilingual society. Presently, the population of this country is composed of 75.9 per cent Chinese, 15.2 per cent Malays, 6.5 per cent Indians. Each of the three major racial communities has been constructed by many subethnic groups definded on the basis of their ethnicity in parallel with their literary traditions.
    In this situation of severe ethnic and linguistic heterogeneity, a large part of language education policy-making has been concerned with its political and social relevance, not with its pedagogic consequences. Indeed, there has been no precise formulation of the objectives of the bilingual policy beyond stating that it would help national integration by facilitating interethnic communication and provide cultural stability by enabling people to keep an intra-ethnic mother tongue. The policy makers in education seemed to think that students educated in English and their racial mother tongue would not only break racial barriers, but also identify themselves as being “Singaporean” with both Western and Asian values, thus contributing to a more harmonious and better disciplined society.
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  • Hitoshi Kawaguchi
    1993 Volume 1993 Issue 19 Pages 17-29,199
    Published: June 15, 1993
    Released: January 27, 2011
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    In recent years, Japanese children have come to have rooms available for their exclusive use at home almost to the extent that their counterparts in other advanced countries have. Traditionally, Japanese did not give private rooms to their children, and it was in the Taisho era that the idea of nurseries first entered Japanese experience. What mainly interests me is the question as to how housing which gave pride of place to children came into being in Japan.
    This paper is designed to shed light on how this came about by examining W. M. Vories' theory of housing.
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  • The Introduction of School Education among the Hill Tribes and its Response
    Megumi Shibuya
    1993 Volume 1993 Issue 19 Pages 31-42,201
    Published: June 15, 1993
    Released: January 27, 2011
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    By analyzing the enculturation and acculturation process at village level, this paper attempts to examine the process by which the Thai government has introduced school education among the hill tribes in Northern Thailand, and the effects of schooling.
    In Thailand, the government has enforced national education among the hill tribes since the 1950s. Aiming at national integration and development, the focus of the education for the hill tribes is on the teaching of the Thai language and Thai national values as well as modern knowledge. Since the hill tribes have their own culture and enculturation system, the introduction of formal schooling adds a new dimension to their enculturation process and caused severe acculturation problems.
    In the concluding section, the educational policy toward the hill tribes and its implementation are considered in light of the cultural changes currently taking place among the Akha in Thailand. The author then proposes the need for improvement of the government educational policy.
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  • The Effects of Lau v. Nichols on Bilingual Education
    Mitsuko Suefuji
    1993 Volume 1993 Issue 19 Pages 43-54,201
    Published: June 15, 1993
    Released: January 27, 2011
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    Although the first federal legislation for bilingual education in the United States was the Bilingual Education Act of 1968, federal involvement 201 found that Chinese-American, non-English-speaking students were denied equal educational opportunity under Title VI of the Civil Rights Act when instructed in English, a language they did not understand. The Court ordered that schools must rectify the language deficiency, but did not specify how that should be accomplished. Regardless of the remedy chosen, however, the Court made it clear that the federal government had a responsibility to ensure that school districts receiving federal funds provided appropriate services to minority-language children.
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  • Hisao Takekuma
    1993 Volume 1993 Issue 19 Pages 55-66,202
    Published: June 15, 1993
    Released: January 27, 2011
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    In Malaysia, the University enrollment rate is so small (2.5%) that universities are seen as elitist educational institutions. In the early 1980s, however, the number of unemployed graduates was increasing.
    The purpose of this paper is to consider the Malaysian students' aspirations for social mobility within the context of the ‘affirmative action’ for Malays at that time. When examining social mobility, we ordinarily distinguish between two types of aspiration, firstly, the aspiration to enter higher education and secondly, the aspiration to get a good job. But if we aim to grasp the causes of graduate unemployment totally, we must recongnize that both aspirations are connected through the educational system and should take more notice of their common features.
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  • Nobuya Higuchi
    1993 Volume 1993 Issue 19 Pages 67-77,203
    Published: June 15, 1993
    Released: January 27, 2011
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    Multiculturalism has emerged as an issue in Australian education only over the past twenty years. In order to find out the contents of multicultural education, the paper examines 9 materials including policy guidelines, textbooks, resource books and teachers guidebooks developed by the Multicultural Education Centre, Directorate of Special Programs, New South Wales Department of Education. The paperidentifies two major themes commonly prepared for classroom activities. One ismulticulturalism in Australia and the other is the special features of “New Australian”society.
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  • Mari Matsuura
    1993 Volume 1993 Issue 19 Pages 79-90,205
    Published: June 15, 1993
    Released: January 27, 2011
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    In modern times, a feature common to the school systems of a number of Western European countries was their contribution to the formation of nation states with a homogenized citizenry. However, when immigrant laborers who brought their own religion and value systems were accepted into these countries, the idea of a uniform “nation state” gradually become fictitious. To integrate heterogeneous people of this kind, the social policy of such multiethnic societies has shifted from a segregationist approach to an assimilationist and then to a cultural pluralist approach. Today, most of these countries try to guarantee equal opportunities for minorities and to promote social-wide tolerance with regard to cultural diversity.
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  • Fumihiro Maruyama
    1993 Volume 1993 Issue 19 Pages 91-100,206
    Published: June 15, 1993
    Released: January 27, 2011
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    This paper examines the longitudinal trend of the unit cost (defined as the current expenditure divided by the number of students) in higher education in Japan and the U. S. The unit cost of American higher education has been relatively constant in both public and private institutions over the past two decades. In Japan, the unit cost of private universities has steadily risen since 1960, while that of national universities has been constant since the middle of the 1970s.
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  • Kengo Mochida
    1993 Volume 1993 Issue 19 Pages 101-111,207
    Published: June 15, 1993
    Released: January 27, 2011
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    In this paper, the author considers the Labour Party's educational policy for the 1990s which is regarded as an important item in the study of contemporary educational reforms in England and Wales, if the important role that was played and will be played by the Labour Party in educational reforms is taken into account.
    In the 1980s, the onservative Party implemented educational policies based on Thatcherism, which stressed the free market principle in education. Although the Labour. Party had the initiative in educational reforms and pursued comprehensive reorganisation actively in the 1960s and 1970s, it is argued that it was rather slow in responding to a large scale Conservative reforms in the 1980s. However, toward the end of the 1980s the Labour Party made great efforts to develop the educational policy which it intends to implement, if and when it regains the power. The fundamental principle of the Labour Party's educational policy for the 1990s is still that of equality as before. Therefore it attacks the Conservative Party's “double standards”, in which first-class education is provided for the privileged few but second-class education for the rest. In contrast to this, the Labour Party aims to give the best possible education to every child.
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  • Masaharu Yoshida, [in Japanese], [in Japanese], [in Japanese], [in Jap ...
    1993 Volume 1993 Issue 19 Pages 113-127,209
    Published: June 15, 1993
    Released: January 27, 2011
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    In Japan, “TOKUBETSU KATSUDO” forms one of the main areas of the elementary school curriculum. It consists of class activities, club activities, pupils' council activities and school events. We used a questionnaire to conduct an international survey about this area.
    This paper aims to show how such activities are programmed or performed in other countries, and to examine Japanese “TOKUBETSU KATSUDO” in the context of an international perspective.
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  • [in Japanese]
    1993 Volume 1993 Issue 19 Pages 131
    Published: June 15, 1993
    Released: January 27, 2011
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  • [in Japanese]
    1993 Volume 1993 Issue 19 Pages 132-143
    Published: June 15, 1993
    Released: January 27, 2011
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
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  • [in Japanese]
    1993 Volume 1993 Issue 19 Pages 144-146
    Published: June 15, 1993
    Released: January 27, 2011
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
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  • [in Japanese]
    1993 Volume 1993 Issue 19 Pages 147-149
    Published: June 15, 1993
    Released: January 27, 2011
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
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  • [in Japanese]
    1993 Volume 1993 Issue 19 Pages 150-152
    Published: June 15, 1993
    Released: January 27, 2011
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
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  • [in Japanese]
    1993 Volume 1993 Issue 19 Pages 153-155
    Published: June 15, 1993
    Released: January 27, 2011
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
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  • [in Japanese]
    1993 Volume 1993 Issue 19 Pages 157-160
    Published: June 15, 1993
    Released: January 27, 2011
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
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  • [in Japanese]
    1993 Volume 1993 Issue 19 Pages 163-164
    Published: June 15, 1993
    Released: January 27, 2011
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
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  • [in Japanese]
    1993 Volume 1993 Issue 19 Pages 165-170
    Published: June 15, 1993
    Released: January 27, 2011
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
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  • [in Japanese]
    1993 Volume 1993 Issue 19 Pages 171-177
    Published: June 15, 1993
    Released: January 27, 2011
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
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  • [in Japanese]
    1993 Volume 1993 Issue 19 Pages 178-184
    Published: June 15, 1993
    Released: January 27, 2011
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
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  • [in Japanese]
    1993 Volume 1993 Issue 19 Pages 186-187
    Published: June 15, 1993
    Released: January 27, 2011
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
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  • [in Japanese]
    1993 Volume 1993 Issue 19 Pages 188-189
    Published: June 15, 1993
    Released: January 27, 2011
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
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  • [in Japanese]
    1993 Volume 1993 Issue 19 Pages 190-191
    Published: June 15, 1993
    Released: January 27, 2011
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (181K)
  • [in Japanese]
    1993 Volume 1993 Issue 19 Pages 194
    Published: June 15, 1993
    Released: January 27, 2011
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (86K)
  • [in Japanese]
    1993 Volume 1993 Issue 19 Pages 195
    Published: June 15, 1993
    Released: January 27, 2011
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (98K)
  • [in Japanese]
    1993 Volume 1993 Issue 19 Pages 196
    Published: June 15, 1993
    Released: January 27, 2011
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (99K)
  • [in Japanese]
    1993 Volume 1993 Issue 19 Pages 197
    Published: June 15, 1993
    Released: January 27, 2011
    JOURNALS FREE ACCESS
    Download PDF (103K)
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