Journal of Food System Research
Online ISSN : 1884-5118
Print ISSN : 1341-0296
ISSN-L : 1341-0296
Current issue
Displaying 1-9 of 9 articles from this issue
Research Notes
  • Discussion on the Law Architecture, Implementation, Challenges for Japan
    2023 Volume 30 Issue 2 Pages 37-52
    Published: 2023
    Released on J-STAGE: September 21, 2023
    France has taken the steps to enact the Egalim law in 2018 and the Egalim II law in 2021 to establish rules for price formation to ensure fair trading relations and protect farmers’ remuneration. For farmers, who have less bargaining power, the Egalim II law has made it mandatory to make a contract between farmers and first purchaser with written contract documents containing a formula or term for the automatic revision of pricing of agricultural products considering the cost of production; the agreed price of agricultural products is also mandated to be transmitted to transactions between food processors and their purchasers.
    The objective of this study is as follows; 1) to examine the details of the legal provisions as well as the background for the enactment of both laws; 2) to clarify the meaning of concepts and provisions that are unclear from the legal text, the discussions in governmental agencies and interprofessional organisations, and the state of implementation and preparation, based on field interviews; 3) further more to clarify the factors that enabled France to enter into the regulation of market conduct and to identify the issues for entering this domain in Japan.
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  • Perspectives for Fighting and Preventing Food Poverty
    Haruka UEDA
    2023 Volume 30 Issue 2 Pages 53-68
    Published: 2023
    Released on J-STAGE: September 21, 2023
    This article examines the principles, content and development of food policy in France. First, relevant literature published by the National Food Council, such as policy propositions, was analysed to identify its socio-political background. It was found that the National Food Programme was developed in 2010 as a new policy category to respond to increasing food anxiety and a nutrition-centred tendency in dietary lives, namely, the radicalization of ‘food modernity’. Second, food policy development since 2010 has as its official objective a philosophy combining ‘eating well’ (bien manger) and ‘food security’. To achieve the goal of eating well, French food policy has promoted a wide range of measures – including food poverty, food education, food environment, food cultures and sustainability – in addition to the traditional objective of ensuring food availability and safety. Third, further analysis of food poverty prevention measures proved that their scope has moved beyond typical food aids for the vulnerable to achieve the target of eating well. More than 10 years of experience in France informs us that food policy, through its implementation and social debate, challenges the traditional private–public boundary in dietary lives and encourages the reinvention of the ‘food political’.
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