From Japan, 11 species of freshwater Nematomorpha have been described to date, but there are very few photographic documentations of any of them. This investigation describes specimens from the Lake Biwa Museum (Shiga Prefecture, Japan) and supplies the first SEM pictures and additional data for the species Chordodes fukuii Inoue, 1951, Japanese specimens of C. japonensis Inoue, 1952, and Paragordionus kawamurai Yamaguti, 1943. Two specimens likely belong to the genus Gordionus, which has not been reported from Japan before, but they could not be determined to the species level. Several specimens belonging to the genus Gordius could not be assigned to a certain species. This is due to general problems with the status of several Gordius species arising from the scarcity of taxonomically relevant characters.
Examination of the syntypes of Listriolobus sorbillans (Lampert, 1883) from the Philippines and new specimens from Moreton Bay, eastern Australia, and the Ryukyu Islands, Japan, together with a literature survey, reveals that it is a senior synonym of L. billitonensis Fischer, 1926 recorded from the Java Sea and L. riukiuensis Sato, 1939 from southwestern Japan. Observations on individual variation in the ratio of proboscis to trunk length, the number of longitudinal muscle bands, and the number and arrangement of gonoducts are presented. A tabular comparison of all the known species of the genus Listriolobus is given, together with some new taxonomic information about the congeners and allies.
Two new species of pycnogonid are described from shallow sublittoral waters (27 to 63m depth) off the coast of equatorial Africa. Bango polyonyxgen. et sp. nov., tentatively placed in the Callipallenidae, is unique in having a compound main claw on all legs, as well as setose tubercles on the first and second coxae and the femur; the ovigerous leg of the female is of nine articles; the chelae are atrophied; and the palps are mere buds. Anoplodactylus amoybius sp. nov., of the Phoxichilidiidae, is a sibling species to A. erectus Cole, 1904 from the Indo-Pacific, from which it differs by the placement of the cement gland tube on the femur of all legs and the presence of a dorsodistal tubercle on the first coxae of the last three pairs of legs.
Five new species of the pselaphine genus Nabepselaphus Nomura, 2002, collected from Yunnan, southwestern China, are described: N. yinae, N. yunnanicus, N. laohushanus, N. jizushanus, and N. yulongxueshanus. A key to the species of Nabepselaphus is provided.
Recent collecting on Sakhalin and the Kuril Islands, during joint U.S., Russian, and Japanese surveys known as the International Kuril and Sakhalin Island Projects, has resulted in range extensions for 10 species in the braconid subfamily Agathidinae and 17 new taxon records for islands in the Kuril chain, Sakhalin, and Moneron. In addition to a check list of the 19 species of Agathidinae presently known to occur on Sakhalin and the Kuril Islands, a generic key and updated keys to the species of Agathis Latreille, 1804, Bassus Fabricius, 1804, and Coccygidium Saussure, 1892 are provided for the region at large (i.e., Japan and the Russian Far East). Of the Agathidinae occurring on Sakhalin and the Kuril Islands, most are widespread throughout the Russian Far East and Japan. In the Kurils, species are largely restricted to the southern portion of the archipelago.
Three new species of Sarcophaga Meigen, 1826 are described from Timor (Indonesia), viz., Sarcophaga (Sarcorohdendorfia) ikat sp.n., S. (S.) uncus sp.n., and S. (Lioproctia) serratocudo sp.n. The nominal taxon Myophora peronii Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830, with the type locality Timor and previously considered a nomen dubium, is revised and proposed as a senior synonym of Sarcophaga tibialis Macquart, 1851, syn.n. Prevailing usage is maintained through reversed priority: Myophora peronii qualifies as a nomen oblitum, while Sarcophaga tibialis is shown to qualify as a nomen protectum. The delimitation of several Sarcophaga subgenera, Johnstonimyia Lopes, 1959, Sarcorohdendorfia Baranov, 1938, Seniorwhitea Rohdendorf, 1937, and Lioproctia Enderlein, 1928, is briefly discussed and three species are transferred from S. (Johnstonimyia) to S. (Sarcorohdendorfia): S. (Sarcorohdendorfia) gorokaensis Sugiyama, Shinonaga and Kano, 1988; S. (Sarcorohdendorfia) hugoi Pape, 1996; and S. (Sarcorohdendorfia) vanuatu Pape, 1991. The apparently convergent evolution of golden abdominal coloration in several species of Sarcophaga on Timor is discussed.