We observed a Blue-tailed Bee-eater Merops philippinus on 7 July 2013 in Hachijo-jima Island, southern Izu Islands, central Japan. The individual was perched on an electric cable at the edge of a forest. It had greenish brown plumage, a black eye stripe, a pale blue moustachial stripe and a long black bill. Since the bird had elongated central tail feathers typical to bee-eaters, it was assumed to be adult. This is the first record of a Blue-tailed Bee-eater in Japan, which probably visited the island accidentally.
Although the Daurian Redstart Phoenicurus auroreus is currently classified as a winter
visitor in Japan, we collected 13 nests of this species in Mt. Yatsugatake, central Japan. They were
all bowl-shaped with a base extending to one side. The confirmed breeding nests had an outer
diameter of an average of 129mm, an inside diameter of an average of 73mm and a depth of an
average of 31mm. They were composed primarily of fine roots, bryophyta and grass stems with
animal hair, feathers and grass leaves built into them. Many of the nests had a nest cup lined with
animal hair on fine roots. The basal part of many nests was also built mainly of bryophyta, fine
roots, grass stems, twigs and tree leaves.
On May 22, 2014, I observed a Fairly Pitta feeding at the edge of an evergreen forest in Miyake Island of the Izu Islands. This bird stayed in the island for at least seven days. This is the first record of this species observed in the Izu Islands.