Viva Origino
Online ISSN : 1346-6933
Print ISSN : 0910-4003
32 巻, 4 号
  • 花田 智
    2004 年 32 巻 4 号 p. 181-190
    発行日: 2004年
    公開日: 2022/01/29
    ジャーナル フリー

    Cyanobacteria can oxidize water using light energy, and which causes evolving oxygen molecules. In the history of life on the Earth, the origin of cyanobacteria is not so old, and anoxygenic photosynthesis has been established prior to the first appearance of oxygenic photosynthesis. Such phototrophs that photosynthesize without oxygen production still survive up to now and frequently found in various environments. Anoxygenic photosynthetic bacteria are taxonomically divided into four groups: filamentous anoxygenic phototrophic bacteria (FAPB), purple bacteria (PB), green sulfur bacteria (GSB), and heliobacteria (HB). Cyanobacteria are known to use two different types of photopigment-containing protein complex, i.e., photosystem I (PS I) and photosystem II (PS II), in their oxygenic photosynthesis, whereas anoxygenic phototrophs possess only one of two photosystem-types. GSB and HB contain a PS I-type photosystem in their photosynthesis, while FAPB and PB contain a PS II-type photosystem. The phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA sequence and comparison of the photochemical structure among the phototrophic bacteria suggested that the origin of anoxygenic photosynthesis is much older than that of oxygenic photosynthesis and a photosynthetic core complex in the first phototroph appeared to be similar to a PS II-type photosystem. In the evolutionary pathway of photosynthesis, a PS II-type phototroph emerged first, and then a PS I-type phototroph came out. Oxygenic photosynthesis that appeared subsequently to anoxygenic photosynthesis originated from genetic incorporation of these two different types of photosystems.

  • 川上 伸一, 東條 文治
    2004 年 32 巻 4 号 p. 191-202
    発行日: 2004年
    公開日: 2022/01/29
    ジャーナル フリー