A review of the major orientations regarding the origin of religion reveals that prevalent theories are inadequate. Various prominent theorists established paradigms explaining how religion began. These accepted orientations do not coincide with biological evolution, anthropological evidence, or modern people's reported experience. Biological theories provide a basis for evolutionary explanations of religion. Two recent theories, based on evolutionary processes, could be tested by comparing paranormal, religious, and anomalous experiences gathered from a variety of cultures. Some anomalous experiences affecting religious beliefs are predicted to have structural features which are consistent cross-cultrurally. Such universal features reflect biological bases. Verification of this hypothesis would support the argument that processes associated with certain anomalous experiences affecting religious belief have been shaped through evolutionary processes.
Studies have reported that some zen or qigong masters / students can generate nT to 100nTorder magnetic Fields under their control. This review finds that the order of magnitude of reported anomalous bio-magnetic fields(from 10^<-1> nT to 10^6 nT)have often differed remarkably in papers from the last 11 years. Results, including the authors' own measurements for magnetic fields caused by human hands are discussed. It is suggested that the differences in the order of magnitude of the reported anomalous bio-magnetic fields are influenced mainly by three factors : the rarity of special subjects, socalled"psychics" ; making measurements with or without local shielding of the magnetic field ; and variations in the type of detection sensors.
There are many types of internal qigong, but there are very few that incorporate vocalization. We looked at the six-word practice with vocalization im qigong and report the analysis of the physiological data we measured. We found that sympathetic nervous system in the autonomic nervous system are affected powerfully by comparing results for the six-word practice with a standing posture qigong exercise. In the six-word practice, the carotid artery and the nearby blood flow increased right after vocalization. The flow rate of blood in the heart, liver and kidney increased as was seen by ultrasound imaging. We also found that vocalization during qigong influenced physiological data further. After vocalizations, the alpha waves increased in the head of the master and the qigong was effective for relaxation.