Faces with larger eyes and double eyelids are perceived as more attractive than those devoid of these features. Moreover, eye bag makeup has become fashionable among nonprofessional lay young females to enhance the perceived size of their eyes. The majority of research on the influence of the upper eyelids on facial attractiveness has been conducted using artificially generated faces; however, research on facial attractiveness forming eye bag makeup remains unexplored. This study investigated the physical and mental attractiveness of real female faces with single/double eyelids and with/without eye bag makeup. The results indicated that faces with double eyelids were rated as more attractive than those with single eyelids. Faces with eye bag makeup were generally perceived as less attractive than those without them. While this was the case regardless of the type of eyelids for mental attractiveness, eye bag makeup only impacted the faces with double eyelids for physical attractiveness.
The purposes were to clarify the structure of psychological factors on subjective well-being. In order to reveal its structure, this study used two analyses both factor analysis as macro front and partial correlation analysis as micro front. Subjective well-being evaluated by life satisfaction, positive emotion and negative emotion. After the selection of 29 psychological factor items, the questionnaire was tested by 1,500 participants. Results revealed that psychological factors relating well-being consists of 4 factors: 1) Relation with others and Gratitude, 2) Self-acceptance and Optimism, 3) Self-actualization and Personal growth and 4) Self-confidence and Authenticity. Furthermore, partial correlation analysis found out direct and indirect correlation between psychological factors and subjective well-being. It showed that well-being was correlation factor 2 and factor 3 directly, factor 1 and factor 4 related in indirectly. In particular, Life satisfaction was associated with Self-acceptance directly, positive emotion was Hopes for the future and negative emotion rated Nothing worries.
In this study, the overall consultation records accumulated in Hospital A’s Cancer Counseling and Support Center, were analyzed to capture the changes and trends of the contents of consultations. For the 10-year consultation record at this center, the number of consultations and time taken for each item of the consultation content were evaluated. Text mining was also performed alongside analyzing the word frequency and co-occurrence relationship between words. As a result, we found that it was possible to grasp the changes in the quality of consultation content and changes in the number of cases efficiently. In specific, through text mining of the records on “social life” and “anxiety/mental distress,” we could confirm the trend of consultations regarding employment support and the side effects of drug therapy for cancer patients. Finally, the accumulation of practical knowledge would lead to knowledge sharing, alongside an improvement in the knowledge and skills of counselors.
Local thermal stimulation of the local body has been shown to provide comfort. In this study, we examined whether the duration of temperature change affects comfort. First, we presented warm and cold stimuli in different durations and on different areas of application on the participants’ forearms and compared the physiological and psychological responses to the resultant temperature change. The study found that participants felt comfortable when the temperature change occurred over 3 s or 20 s over a larger area. Furthermore, we found that a stimulus of 42°C can cause discomfort. Afterwards, we compared warm stimuli at different temperatures, finding that pain occurred when the temperature changed in a short time and if the stimulus exceeded 40°C. We conclude that it is important to consider adjusting the duration of temperature change and the heat transmitted according to the desired temperature of the stimulus and skin area affected when design comfortable thermal stimulations.
In this study, I conducted a demonstration experiment using Yame tea for a taste preference matching system that can provide green tea that matches individual tastes, attempted to experimentally verify the effectiveness. The system was combining the ranking algorithm, the taste quality detection algorithm, and the taste preference matching algorithm. The subjects were able to know favorite Yame tea with the unknown and uneaten from the system by tasting the commercially available green tea and judging whether or not they liked it. Demonstration experiments were performed on 33 subjects, of which 12 subjects had the standard taste quality and taste data when selecting the preference for green tea, and all 12 subjects rated the Yame tea derived from our proposed system as “favorable.” As a result of including additional experiments, it was verified that the system was able to derive the Yame tea that suits subjects taste preference.
The commonalities and differences in the insertion points of the laugh track generated by the “immaturity gap” between US and Chinese sitcoms will be analyzed. Sitcoms in the U.S. and China that are assumed to be highly representative in terms of broadcast coverage, persistence and awards received will be selected for analysis. U.S. sitcoms had higher percentages of airworthiness, innocence and malicious anomalies, behavior at inappropriate times of day, making or admitting mistakes, and unchildlike behavior than China sitcoms. On the other hand, loud shouting, stingy behavior, and judgment and its misunderstanding accounted for a higher percentage in China sitcoms than in the United States. In addition, U.S. sitcoms tend to break the storyline, insert stories that are completely different from the topic at hand, and create fun in the exchange of speech. Chinese sitcoms were found to be more likely to involve movement and laughter in the setting.
This study investigated the relationship between facial youthfulness and facial areas. The cognitive model reported previously shows that youthfulness is a complex impression composed of estimated age, lively impression, and clean impression. Eight participants rated these impressions of seven facial images using Scheffe’s paired comparison method. The images consisted of an average face of 19 women in their 50s and modified average faces by adding moderate or severe wrinkles on the forehead, under the eyes, or around the mouth of the average face. Additionally, eye-movements were monitored during the rating of the average face. These investigations revealed that youthfulness and estimated age related to forehead and under-eye areas, whereas lively impression and clean impression related to under-eye area. Further analysis suggested that youthfulness had a combined feature of other three impressions. These results support the cognitive model of youthfulness reported previously and demonstrate that important facial areas vary with impressions.
The study aimed to assess whether it was possible for physiotherapists to be awareness to local muscle fatigue. In experiment I, we examined subjective fatigue reproducibility at different muscle contraction strengths. In experiment II, the effect of subjective fatigue on local muscle fatigue, assessed by electromyography (EMG) frequency and acceleration, was examined. The results suggested a relationship between the local EMG frequency component and physiological tremor assessed during severe fatigue onset, when the patella setting was sustained at 50% and 75% maximum voluntary contraction. In experiment III, which was the core of the present study, we possible for awareness of others to muscle fatigue was examined with different visual inputs. The results suggest that awareness of others fatigue through visual input, including facial expressions, and we need to pay particular attention to the changes around the eyes, eyebrows, and lips.
In many ball games, research on the sound quality of the sound generated when hitting a ball is underway. This is because the comfort of the impact sound exists as an important factor for athletes. In this study, we investigated the elements necessary for the comfortable impact sound, targeting the impact sound of badminton. In the experiment, the impression of the impact sound reproduced from the headphones was evaluated by the SD method. As a result, it was found that the impression of impact sound can be expressed by Beautiful & Metallic, Powerful and Spatial Factor. In addition, it was suggested that the Beautiful & Metallic Factor might be associated with the elastic performance in badminton competition, and the Powerful Factor might be associated with the flying performance. Furthermore, we examined acoustical characteristics that correlate well with each factor, and constructed the sound quality estimating model for the impact sounds.
This study proposes a methodology for constructing a music database for research purposes. We focused on the feasibility of an efficient and reliable technique to collect music stimuli that induce a variety of emotions. We selected iconic phrases from 4 famous classical pieces with 4 controls of scales, respectively. We modified each piece into 4 categories by changing the properties in terms of “mode” (converting a major piece to a minor, or vice versa) and “tempo” (changing the BPM speed faster or slower). We verified our method by a Music Information Retrieval (MIR) system. The MIR analyses showed that most of the pieces were successfully positioned in the intended categories (major/minor mode at a high/low tempo). The result suggests that this may be an efficient method to construct an objective music database that is independent of the psychological evaluations.