This paper empirically clarifies the actions and effects of social capital (SC) from the viewpoint of gender theory. SC studies have been often criticized for the gender-blindness. They are unaware that SC strengthens and reproduces gender structure in some aspects. In this article, we examine from the quantitative survey of urban families, in particular, how activities and the power effects in family are related to the women's SC and how it benefits.
The results are as follows. It is women who gain many benefits from rich SC. With regard to living satisfaction, health, recreational activities and citizen consciousness, men draw profits from their own economic and human capital and family SC whereas women are benefiting from networks in addition to them. In particular, the bridging SC brings many benefits for women.
The family SC has a positive effect in both men and women. Dense families use family SC to create many networks. However, what is important is a family that carries out many cooperative actions, not women do a lot of care activities. Care activities interfere with the construction of women's bridging SC. From the above, the proposal to foster family SC brings positive benefits for men, but in the case of women, it is necessary to explore ways to build bridging SC as well as family SC.
This article traced the discourse of misogyny that has caused intense controversy in South Korea recent years. Hatred, which is global phenomena in neoliberal era is also the affect that were amplified by the memory of hostility of cold war being strongly specified south Korean society. In this paper, we examined the process of amplification and conversion of misogyny in south Korea, through the several events that occurred after 2015.
The controversy of South Korean's misogyny which inspired by the case of Gangnam station women killing, created a new feminist group called Megarian. Megarian adopted a mirroring strategy, which is not just a copy of the original hatred but a critical reflection how exactly the original was covered by discrimination and disgust. They subverted gender norms by overthrowing a hate speech and daily pornography by men. Megarian had an explosive ripple effect, as a result of resonance of contemporary empathy and feeling of liberation among women.
However, the anti-misogyny movement was exposed to more complex divisions than just conflict of male and female. Especially the response to the LGBT produced a variety of confrontations between the right and left, generation, and religion. For example, the word “pro-north gay” named by the Christian conservative group has condensed hatred and disgust with the inner enemies of Korean society by combining anti-communism and anti-homosexuality. This paper revealed that the hatred to feminism and LGBT is a sign of various ideological conflicts accumulated in south Korean society.
The purpose of this research is to investigate and analyze women's' political behavior and political predisposition from cultural and gender perspectives. We analyze the rate of voting behavior, political interest, and political knowledge of male and female voters in the political process based on the results of the web questionnaire survey conducted on 930 voters conducted just after the election of the House of Councilors on July 21, 2013. The result shows that women show significantly lower voter turnout, political interest, political efficacy and political satisfaction with domestic politics and soft political knowledge than men. It was also analyzed that gender differences in the process of political socialization is one of the critical background from the cultural perspective.
This study performed questionery survey to measure the social tolerance of the surveillance camera that setting spread. Then, it clarified in what kind of scene and what kind of condition the setting of the surveillance camera and the use were socially acceptable. Specifically, it reports about people's intention about “pros and cons for the surveillance camera”, “the prevention/inspection of the crime”, “the prevention/inspection of the accident”, and “the prevention/inspection of the natural disaster”. As a result, it revealed that demography influenced the pros and cons for the surveillance camera, and an inspective effect was appreciated in comparison with protective effect.
Furthermore, in the investigation for the people who expressed a negative intention for the setting of the surveillance camera, it revealed that they felt the monitoring by the police/company desirable in comparison with residents' association, and, on the other hand, they did not feel the monitoring by the individual desirable. In addition, they felt the monitoring at traffic-laden place, workplace, public facilities, forest and the river desirable in comparison with around residential area. This result shows that even for people who are negative to monitoring, the higher the publicity of the monitoring entity and the monitoring subject is, the more surveillance is permitted, and even though the public nature of the surveillance subject is high, it shows that they do not want to monitor the space with low public property such as home.