A review on the use of “task-specific” ionic liquids for designing of the structures of ions. Ionic liquids （ILs）entirely consist of ions. In recent years, functionalized ILs, called “task-specific” ILs （TSILs）, are finding anincreasing number of applications in synthesis, separation, catalysis, and electrochemistry.
Dextran is an α-1,6-glucan synthesized by Leuconostoc mesenteroides. In this study, dextran esterderivatives were prepared and used as novel bio-based adhesives with fine properties of harmless, fast dry,and water resistance. The solubility of dextran ester derivatives in hydrophobic or hydrophilic solvent couldbe controlled through changing the degree of substitution （DS）. Especially, the one with DS of 1.1 is soluble inethanol, which is harmless and relatively high volatility. As adhesives, dextran ester derivatives provide goodadhesion of wood, glass, collagen films, and gladius of squid. Comparing with commercial poly （vinyl alcohol）（PVA） and poly （vinyl acetate）, dextran ester derivatives have shorter drying time. Furthermore, dextranester derivatives show much higher adhesive strength of PVA after immersion in water.