The post-vaccination antibody response in patients with immune-mediated neuromuscular diseases under immuno-suppressive therapy has not been sufficiently verified. The Japanese Society of Neurology has stated that coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccination should be given priority in patients with immunotherapy-associated neuromuscular diseases; however, data on antibody production to a novel mRNA vaccine are scarce in these patients. In this study, we aimed to measure residual antibody titers after the second dose and produced antibodies after the third dose of SARS-CoV-2 mRNA vaccine in 25 patients with neuromuscular diseases under immuno-suppressive therapy (disease group). We compared the disease group antibody titers with those of 829 healthy employees in our hospital (control group). The disease group included 17 patients with myasthenia gravis, 4 with multiple sclerosis, 3 with inflammatory muscle disease, and 1 with chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathies. Seven cases of the disease group showed negative antibody levels (<15.0 s/co) before the third vaccination, and antibody titers in the positive cases ranged from 16.9 to 4,589.0 s/co. Three of the seven antibody-negative cases turned positive after the third vaccination, and all but one of the antibody-positive cases showed a booster effect, with antibody titers after the third dose ranging from 245.1 to 85,374.0 s/co (1.0 to 885.0 times higher than those before vaccination). Although the immune response in the disease group was modest compared to the control group, in which antibody titers after the third vaccination ranged from 67.8 to 150,000 s/co (0.9 to 5,402.1 times higher than those before vaccination), the result indicated that a constant immune response was achieved under immuno-suppressive therapy. Even in the control group, three participants tested negative for residual antibody before the third inoculation, and four of the antibody-positive participants (27.7–24,054.0 s/co) lacked a booster effect after the third vaccination.
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