Journal of Japan Academy of Consumer Education
Online ISSN : 2436-0929
Print ISSN : 1345-1855
Volume 36
Showing 1-33 articles out of 33 articles from the selected issue
  • Current Status and Issues Indicated by Surveys
    Shigemi Kakino
    2016 Volume 36 Pages 1-11
    Published: 2016
    Released: May 24, 2021
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    This paper investigated the human resources for the promotion of consumer education in local consumer administration, and discussed their current status and issues. The human resources included administrative officers, consumer counselors, and professionals in consumer education. The results indicated that there were poor human resources in some local areas and that the number of local consumer administrations under a professional in consumer education increased after 2010. Future research should discuss the formulation of the system of consumer education professionals based on previous examples.
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  • - Considering Trends in Environmental Education/ESD -
    Reiko Matsubaguchi
    2016 Volume 36 Pages 13-21
    Published: 2016
    Released: May 24, 2021
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    This study has three purposes: first , to understand, through documentary records of consumer education studies, how “consumer citizenship” has been considered in the study of consumer education; second, to consider the relationship between consumer education and “new abilities”; and third, to identify future issues in consumer education studies by comparing current studies to environmental education.
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  • Focusing on Moral Education to Achieve Consumer Citizenship
    Kumiko Ohmoto, Mayuko Suzuki
    2016 Volume 36 Pages 23-32
    Published: 2016
    Released: May 24, 2021
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    This paper proposes an elementary through high school curriculum that fosters consumer legal literacy in order to achieve the larger goal of consumer literacy. The curriculum instructs students on how to consider various aspects, negotiate, and make informed purchases so that mutual agreement and understanding can be reached. It is suggested that it is possible to develop morals and ethics through consumer education, specifically: taking responsibility for one’s actions as a consumer; taking part in societal planning; and making ethical, logical, and just decisions.
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  • ;Interviews with Mothers in Fukushima
    Minako Yoshii
    2016 Volume 36 Pages 33-40
    Published: 2016
    Released: May 24, 2021
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    This paper attempted to examine how mothers who lived in Fukushima before the earthquake and continued to live in the area afterwards make food choices. A second goal was to explore the design and contents of consumer education. The interviews took place during September 2013 to 2014 and were analyzed using the KJ method. The results indicated that the mothers previously cooked with local foods and products, but became cautious after the nuclear accident. The government claims that locally sourced foods are safe, however the interviewees expressed doubt about food safety. Not knowing what to believe, the mothers have tended to establish their own criteria based on their day-to-day experiences.
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  • Yosuke Araya, Motohiro Hasegawa, Akiko Ueno
    2016 Volume 36 Pages 41-52
    Published: 2016
    Released: May 24, 2021
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    The objectives of this research were to develop simulation learning materials that are designed to teach cautionary points for purchasing downloadable digital content; create a lesson package of lesson plans, students' handouts and simulation learning materials that can be used with smart phones; and assess the effect of the developed lesson package by implementing it into classes. It was proven that the simulation learning materials for purchasing digital contents, handouts used in class, and lesson plans were feasible for junior high school home economics classes. Also, it appeared that the lesson facilitated students' greater understanding in some characteristic of the digital contents purchase and recognize the importance of reading a user policy.
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  • -Focusing on Budgets,Consumer Education Projects and Programs-
    Takuo Irokawa
    2016 Volume 36 Pages 53-64
    Published: 2016
    Released: May 24, 2021
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    This paper attempted to identify the current conditions and problems underlying consumer education plans organized by consumer policy divisions of all national prefectures in Japan. Three components, (1) budgets, (2) the number of projects and (3) the recent conditions of programs to be offered, were investigated according to four groups of division classified by the size of population. The results showed that the gaps among these components were not as large as the differences of populations. On the whole, it can be said that this occurs because the functions of municipalities contained in smaller prefectures are relatively high.
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  • Chiho Oyabu
    2016 Volume 36 Pages 65-75
    Published: 2016
    Released: May 24, 2021
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    This paper analyzed Amish health textbooks from the viewpoints of human development, life-indicators, Amish and American health areas, and physical education Amish schools teach reading, writing, arithmetic, and health as the main subjects in an eight year curriculum. Health is an important subject in Amish schools since science and home economics are not taught. Amish health education classes teach values related to living a healthy life, and these are important in the formation of Amish identity. Health textbooks include health issues along with physical education, science, and home economics content. Therefore, Amish children can learn more than only heath issues through health textbooks. This approach may be useful for contemporary education, where the allotted time for consumer education is limited at schools.
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  • Mitsue Nonaka
    2016 Volume 36 Pages 77-86
    Published: 2016
    Released: May 24, 2021
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    This study considers how class design can be optimized to enable schoolchildren to solve problems of consumption life for themselves. By analyzing a shopping simulation class in an elementary school home economics course, the following research findings can be revealed. Goods considered by themselves for purchase enhance shopping simulation activities for schoolchildren to consider as their own problems. Further, critical thinking is fostered by visualization of the thinking process in problem-solving.
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  • A Survey of Training Carried out by the National Consumer Affairs Center of Japan
    Kumi Kamiyama
    2016 Volume 36 Pages 87-96
    Published: 2016
    Released: May 24, 2021
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    The National Consumer Affairs Center of Japan develops and sponsors training programs for personnel involved in consumer education. This study aimed to investigate available training programs for consumer affairs counselors and administrative officers participating in consumer education programs. The training programs were observed, a questionnaire was administered to the participants, and using action research. “The World Café” activity, which was introduced into the training, proved useful for problem solving. In the investigation of the research carried out during 2013-2015, training contents were improved.
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  • Kumi Tamura, Katsuki Yabuki, Setsuko Mizutani
    2016 Volume 36 Pages 97-106
    Published: 2016
    Released: May 24, 2021
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    In contrast to other age groups, consultation concerning medical services has been steadily increasing amongst people in their 60’s and 70’s. In the future, promoting medical consumer education is essential in order to reduce the number of patients experiencing problems using medical services. This study aimed to find the types of visual and audio medical services information that shifted patients from a state of indifference to increased awareness and behaviour modification. The authors produced public awareness leaflets on medical services in lectures for seniors that were sponsored by the Okayama Prefecture Consumer Center. The authors carried out a before and after survey. Results showed significant differences when comparing attitudes towards the survey items “Medical services is a contract” and “Patients are consumers”. In other words, visual and audio information has been shown to be a means of increasing awareness and behaviour modification amongst senior medical consumers. In addition, among individuals with high levels of consumer awareness, there was an increased tendency to take positive action in relation to medical services. These results show that in order to promote awareness of rights and responsible behavior among senior patients, education concerning the contractual nature of medical services and patients’ role as medical consumers is essential.
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  • − Attempt of Structurising a Programme for the sight of Problem Solving, Circulation and Collaboration −
    Yutaka Okazaki, Junko Akamatsu
    2016 Volume 36 Pages 107-118
    Published: 2016
    Released: May 24, 2021
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    In these few years, we have continuously explored to set up new consumer education programmes ,aim to promote consumer citizenship. This paper provide an idea to understanding the structure of programmes through the theory by David Selby, which concern as Global Education. The key concept of the theory is, “four dimensions”, ‘temporal’, ‘spatial’, ‘issues’ and ‘inner’. In this paper, we try to analyse and positionise about our programmes leading by the global education theory by Selby.
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  • ― Developing Students’ Debating Skills and Having Them Run Consumer Education Workshops ―
    Yoshio Maeda, Keiko Kawaguchi
    2016 Volume 36 Pages 119-128
    Published: 2016
    Released: May 24, 2021
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    The objective of this research was to develop debating skills as a method of educating consumers. We taught 15 sections of the university general education class, “Learning creative debating techniques.” Students learned and experienced various debate techniques during the first eight classes, and we carried out four types of five-to-six person workshops on money management education in the second half of the course. Based on a questionnaire completed by students at the end of the course, we determined what they had learned in each of the classes, and noted any changes in their awareness of money management issues. We observed that by organizing the learning so that the students taught themselves about consumer education, they were able to learn decision-making processes independently. This approach enhanced learning effects.
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  • Yumiko Ono
    2016 Volume 36 Pages 129-136
    Published: 2016
    Released: May 24, 2021
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    In a mail survey of 275 special needs education schools in the Kanto region regarding educational assistance with household budget management, among 213 teachers at 173 schools (response rate of 62.9%), the need for classes and lectures on livelihood and money was reported as “strongly” felt by 61.5%, “sometimes” felt by 33.8%, and “not particularly” felt by 3.3%. Classes about money had been taught by 90.6% of respondents, in subjects such as one unit learning based on daily life experiences (43.5%), career guidance (35.2%), and home economics (32.1%) (multiple answers). Since special needs education schools vary greatly in scale and environment, materials appropriate to students’ disabilities and life experiences are needed to promote consumer education.
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  • Asako Sato, Tomomi Kuwabara, Kikuko Yamamoto
    2016 Volume 36 Pages 137-146
    Published: 2016
    Released: May 24, 2021
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    The aim of this research was to study teaching materials and instruction techniques for consumer safety education. Participants were asked to use and make an object with beanbags, then create directions for the task. Afterwards, the product and the directions were evaluated by the participants and the researchers. Self assessment was also included in the evaluation process. Positive results regarding the activity were obtained from the participants through a questionnaire administered at the end of the activity.
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  • Megumi Okutani
    2016 Volume 36 Pages 147-157
    Published: 2016
    Released: May 24, 2021
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    The objectives of this study were to 1) determine what viewpoints teachers are required to maintain when teaching about digital contents that are closely related to children's consumer culture, and 2) develop a teacher training program. A model program was developed based on the results of an interview survey administered to children and media-related organizations, as well as a questionnaire survey sent to consumer affairs advisors. This program was then provided to 38 teachers and 49 graduate/undergraduate students, which resulted in enhanced understanding of consumer culture and digital contents among participants, regardless of their existing knowledge or experience. The model program involves the use of real-world images and encourages participants to engage each other in discussions. This can lead to enhanced understanding.
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  • - Possibility of Having Practical Consumer Education Programs in a Life Science-Based Women’s University
    Yoshitaku Yamaoka, Yumiko Ono, Kyoko Uemura
    2016 Volume 36 Pages 159-170
    Published: 2016
    Released: May 24, 2021
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    A project based learning (PBL) lesson, in collaboration with companies that provide local production for local consumption, was carried out and the learning effects of this PBL in relation to consumer education were measured. Students sold local vegetables and held an exhibition displaying their activities. During the class, the students raised awareness regarding the importance of consumer education, became highly aware of the problem of a consumer society, and began changing their consumption habits. Specifically, the students gained knowledge regarding the pre- stage of consumption, such as production and distribution. Regarding prosumer education, the result indicated that the program had a significant learning effect on students.
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  • ’Becoming Citizen Consumers
    Motoko Miyake, Katsuki Yabuki
    2016 Volume 36 Pages 171-182
    Published: 2016
    Released: May 24, 2021
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    The purpose of this study was to examine how the necessary abilities for college students to become consumer citizens are fostered through educational activities among aged people. The college students recognized the importance of taking into consideration alternative view points and the necessity of social education, identified themselves as consumer citizens, and increased their awareness of the importance of promoting fair economic exchange.
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  • Taking the Practice by HEIB as an Example.
    Noriko Kawaguchi, Itsuko Takano
    2016 Volume 36 Pages 183-192
    Published: 2016
    Released: May 24, 2021
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    When consumers voice a complaint about goods and service, businesses take advantage of information to make improvements. The information exchange leads consumers to receive better goods and service. Thus, classes focusing on the subjects that consumers’ behavior changed the society and eventually lead to realization of “consumer citizenship society” were conducted and then changes in consciousness were examined. When customers know businesses to be utilizing "customer testimonials" carefully, they intend to voluntarily voice their thoughts. We practiced and inspected an example of the consumer education program for bringing up the “wise consumer” who understand their influence and participate in the planning and cooperation towards the realization of sustainable consumption.
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  • Emiko Ishijima, Makiko Hashinaga
    2016 Volume 36 Pages 193-202
    Published: 2016
    Released: May 24, 2021
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    Solving daily life problems is considered one of the goals of high school home economics courses. There is an identified need to develop effective teaching methods to help students acquire the necessary competencies. The aim of this study was to design a curriculum for developing consumer citizenship as part of the consumer life component of high school home economics courses, and to investigate learning effects. Evidence obtained indicated that participation resulted in learning gains.
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  • Takaaki Kawasaki, Keiko Kawaguchi
    2016 Volume 36 Pages 203-209
    Published: 2016
    Released: May 24, 2021
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    This case study examines both the perception of consumer images in consumer education, and the state of consumer education as observed from a student support setting. It is unclear how university students who have experienced lifestyle hardships perceive the consumer images displayed in university consumer education guidelines and Japan’s Act on Promotion of Consumer Education. It was suggested that university students are prone to lifestyle risks including quitting school before graduation. In order to foster the growth of youths who have experienced lifestyle hardships into consumer citizens, it is necessary to construct a consumer lifestyle support team that incorporates welfare techniques into consumer education and to institute a problem-solving approach to learning in students’ own lives.
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  • Hiroko Kamata
    2016 Volume 36 Pages 211-220
    Published: 2016
    Released: May 24, 2021
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    In order to investigate trends in consumer education, we categorized the research papers published in The Japan Academy of Consumer Education at the time of writing (issues 1 – 34). The papers were divided into six periods each covering approximately five years and then into 21 categories based on those specified in “New Consumer Education: Q&A.” .This analysis showed that the contents of consumer education have constantly been increasing in school education, but that opportunities for consumer education have been decreasing in companies and consumer organizations. In addition, there was little consumer education for pre-elementary school age children and elderly people. In the future, studies of consumer education for these populations should be increased.
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  • - The Effectiveness of a Practical Processing and Sales Program with Regional Vegetables Called ‘Kobe Shunsai’.-
    Riko Katahira, Mari Chitose, Kyoko Uemura
    2016 Volume 36 Pages 221-230
    Published: 2016
    Released: May 24, 2021
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    According to survey results from the Ministry of Education, only about 20% of the universities which have registered dietitian training courses offer consumer education classes. We conducted a practical processing and sales program with regional vegetables called ‘Kobe Shunsai’ as an active learning education programme that encouraged healthy and sustainable consumption. The course was developed in collaboration with industries, one university, the local government and a private dietitian group. Questionnaire results indicated that students in the registered dietitian course became more aware of regional food resources and local food production and consumption. The course resulted in significant levels of learning for students, along with changes in food consumption behaviours. Improved ways of facilitating consumer citizenship education in registered dietitian courses are discussed.
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  • Lessons on Online Shopping
    Akiko Ueno, Yosuke Araya, Motohiro Hasegawa
    2016 Volume 36 Pages 231-242
    Published: 2016
    Released: May 24, 2021
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    Simulated learning materials and lesson plans for online shopping activities were developed and implemented for two home economics classes with collaborative active learning methods at the junior high school level. The following results were found. Firstly, there was an improvement in the students’ knowledge and attitudes regarding credit card payment for online shopping after completing the class. Secondly, the students who shared their thoughts in the group activity appeared more comfortable in the group talk, had more interest in the class, and had a better understanding of the class content because of the simulation materials.
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  • Kazuhiro Terachi
    2016 Volume 36 Pages 243-251
    Published: 2016
    Released: May 24, 2021
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    As online shopping has gained popularity, the unnecessary purchasing of products and services has become an issue in consumer societies, due to the increased convenience. Accordingly, in this study we examined the relationship between consumer attributes and unnecessary online purchases made while under the influence of promotions. The results of this investigation show that, just as there are differences in internet usage and consumer affairs consultation depending on consumer attributes, consumer habits relating to unnecessary online purchases vary with the consumer’s sex, age, and occupation. These results indicate that consideration of consumer characteristics is important for effective consumer education regarding unnecessary online purchases.
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