The toughest problem for today's consumer is housing, particulaly in the cities and even more so in the big cities. The Survey on Housing Demand for 1988 compiled by the Construction Ministry's Housing Bureau shows that a majnrity of the nation (51.5 percent) is dissatisfied with its present
housing. Dissatisfaction is generally a precursor of action for improvement, but improvement in housing is difficult because of the very high financial outlay required to purchase a house, the major factor keeping demand for housing improvement latent, and keeping the dissatisfaction from being translated into action.
A house is the container for the family in its daily life and the failure to eliminate that dissatisfaction will continue to have a major negative impact on family life. If people can be made aware of these problems through study, we should be able to develop policies that will overcome the factors making action on the behalf of improvement difficult. I would like to suggest the kind of study materials that can be used by high school students, the very people who in the near future will be housing consumers, and who will be the main actors in the building of the new life in housing.
The proposal refers to two major problems for which manufacturers are commonly criticized. One is the problem of defects and the other is inappropriate sales related activities at public gatherings such as educational and administrative meetings. As a result of such activities, distrust of manufacturers remains.
Furthermore, the subsystems which influence consumers the most (administrators, journalists, consumer groups, educators, etc.) sometimes provide inadequate information to consumers.
We have to recognize we do not live in a perfect world.
Nevertheless, criticism among these various subsystems and manufacturers only serves to foster distrust. Instead, they should stop criticizing each other and start providing constructive comments in order to minimize their weaknesses. This would help to establish true trust. In turn, manufacturers
would gain public confidence.
There are many types of information regarding food these days. Indeed tnere is so much information that it is difficult to know what to belive and what not to believe.
In this study, we have collected and examined information regarding food found in 9 news papers, 20 magazines, 4 weeklie 60 books, and some advertisements. At the same time, we sent out Questionair concerning consumer information to 454 Junior College students and their paretrts.
As a result, some ambiquities and contradictions ware found in the information which could result in consumers being misled. We can also point out ambiguous information using which it is difrcult for consumers to make a decision. Ther'fore reliable consumer education will continue to be important in the future,
The purpose Of this paper is how to teach managing con‐sumer information. The authors prepared a questionnaire which was given to 1848 high school students.
The results are as fonows:
1. With regard to managing life consumption, girls are more positive than boys..
2. With regard to managing life information,girls are more positive than bOys.
3. "Managing consumption" is correlative with``managing life information", therefore to increase the ability of managing consumptiolll, it is important to increase the ability of
managing life information.
4.Many students expect to learn “purchasing information"and "life plan information", therefore in consumer education we must attach importance to these area.
With the growth of the transactions in services, consumer problems connected with them have been increasing, especially among younger generation. Conserning the socio-economic situation, strengthening of an ideology of neoconservatism in the 1980s brought about an alteration in the consumer policy; the consumer protective policy was made weaker relatively and the spirit of self-help was strengthend. With due regard to these situations, we conducted research on the actual condition about transactions in services and examined the problems of consumer education. We emphasized the need to make a distinction between personal value and social value. After consideration we came to the conclusion that consumer education should contain the consumer movement.
The main purpose of this paper is to examine the beneflt to the consumer of the Large Store Law.In Japan the goverment has continued to take the policy of protecting small stores. The Large Store Law that regulates the new large stores protects small stores, disrupts the management of small stores, continues to push up prices of goods, and is not of benefit to the consumer.In conclusion l propose to loosen the enforcement of the Law by administrative leadership in large cities. I believe a change in the attitude of municipal goverments will benefit of consumer.
This paper is a more detailed accOunt of my first report given at the 9th Convention of Consumer Education. The investigation is based on interviews with tax payers as to what kind of tax education is needed in consumer education for the betterment of life.
In the home-economics classes, pupils often learn through cooking, tasting, and using kitchen utensils. However, pupil seldom recognize that they are learning.
In orther to cultivate their consumer awareness, present home-economics curriculums should be closely reexamined and new teacing materials should be developed so that children's unque ideas are to be effectively utilized.
Through ”Rappu (bag) Preparation”, students are given a concrete learning plan. They are allowed a free choice of theme and can easily see their sucess or failure doing ”Rappu
The Author offers some practical experiences in teaching classes with the above aims and viewpoints.
As changes in the system of society bring about changes in the style of life, the influence of domestic education has diclined.
Because of such changes l recommend we make our students learn consumer education, not only in domestic science or social studies, but in all general subjects.
Fire‐ retardant clothing leads to a large decrease in death and injury by fire.Many consumers desire safety in their choice of clothing.They particularly feel that such safety is needed for the
aged.Thus study is needed on how such knowledge should be spread and on how such clothing goods can be produced.
This paper is written to compare consumer affairs between Japan and Taiwan by referring to the documents on the consumer affairs of Japan, in the aspects of the backqround of the current state, the transition of consumer affairs, consumer policy, and the thought in consumption.
We have come to the conclusion that the current state of consumer affairs in Taiwan is about 15 to 20 years behind that of Japan, and Taiwan has inefficient consumer protection system.
It thus appears that the most important concerns of consumer affairs in Taiwan is the establishment of a ”Consumer Protection Fundamental Law” and development of consumer education.