Journal of Japan Academy of Consumer Education
Online ISSN : 2436-0929
Print ISSN : 1345-1855
Volume 13
Showing 1-18 articles out of 18 articles from the selected issue
  • Miyuki Mitsutake
    1993 Volume 13 Pages 1-14
    Published: 1993
    Released: September 27, 2021
    JOURNAL OPEN ACCESS
    Recently credit cards are becoming very popular in Japan. Many students use them. It is necessary to understand the use of credit. The purpose of this paper is to examine whether Students have knowledge of consumer credit, and how they have gotten it. I have come to the conclusion that they acquire knowledge of consumer credit by consumer education and the actual experience of using credit cards.
    Download PDF (4546K)
  • ―A viewpoint from the position of consumer counselor―
    Kikuko Yamamoto
    1993 Volume 13 Pages 15-31
    Published: 1993
    Released: September 27, 2021
    JOURNAL OPEN ACCESS
    A recent trend concerning transaction troubles among consumers is that more and more young people are getting involved in such troubles. A previous survey, centered on mail order, revealed the fact that children were actually involved in troubles or were a target of advertisers and manufacturers. To deal with this situation, teaching materials and educational methods have been developed with the intention of helping children to develop abilities of decision-making in life. They are considered intentionally from the viewpoints of both manufacturers and consumers for intermediary organizations and those engaged in intermediary works between them. This is a report, as part of the above educational study, on development, practice and examination of an educational method using simulated troubles of transactions involving consumers. This method allows consumer consultants to work out solutions objectively from their positions as a way to make children study spontaneously.
    Download PDF (5426K)
  • ―Forcussing on Environmental lnformation―
    Junko Odagiri
    1993 Volume 13 Pages 33-48
    Published: 1993
    Released: September 27, 2021
    JOURNAL OPEN ACCESS
    Accounting services are important not only for shareholders and creditiors but also for many other interest-groups. Since consumers are included among these interest-groups, accounting information for the consumers is necessary. This include information on social performance, and its significance in the accounting framework is increasing. This tendency extends traditional accounting. Disclosure on accounting information proves the actual condition of an enterprise. With the growing concern over the environment, this paper asserts that an enterprise must disclose environmental information like accounting information. Furthermore in order to assure its reliability, an environmental audit is necessary.
    Download PDF (5332K)
  • ーBased on the ”Consumer Protection Bill” in Taiwanー
    [in Japanese]
    1993 Volume 13 Pages 49-72
    Published: 1993
    Released: September 27, 2021
    JOURNAL OPEN ACCESS
    This Paper focused on some characteristics and issues of the ”Consumer Protection Bill” in Taiwan which is under discussion in parliament. This bill is compared to the ”Consumer Protection Fundamental Act” in Japan by the analysis of the data on handling consumer complaints. These characteristics and issues of the ”consumer protection bill” which was analyzed in this paper need to be considered when the ”consumer Protection Act” is enacted.
    Download PDF (8806K)
  • ーA Study of Consumer Education in Lifelong-learning Systemー
    Kyouko Terada
    1993 Volume 13 Pages 73-85
    Published: 1993
    Released: September 27, 2021
    JOURNAL OPEN ACCESS
    The purpose of this study is to try to clarify the concept of consumer education and lifelong-learning, and to investigate a desirable relationship between them. Consumer education has to aim at self-reliance of the consumer. Also it must be the crux of the consumer education program to provide lifelong-learning in order to solve problems of dailylife. I did research about the actual conditions of an extension service at American university with advanced programs of this field. As a result, it is proposed that consumer education should have curriculum based on local level, in order to develop consumer education as a lifelong-learning.
    Download PDF (4987K)
  • Kuniko Misawa
    1993 Volume 13 Pages 87-100
    Published: 1993
    Released: September 27, 2021
    JOURNAL OPEN ACCESS
    The aim of this series of research is to examine how so‐ called “Japanese” value‐ orientation influences consumer behavior. In this paper, as a case, value‐ orientations of young generation are examined and the following two main elements of heteronomous “Japanese” value‐ orientation are considered: (1)Japanese traditional value‐ orientation,(2) value‐ orientation in an affluent society.
    Download PDF (4341K)
  • -for the concept of living organism-
    Kazue Usui, Teiko Tsuji
    1993 Volume 13 Pages 101-116
    Published: 1993
    Released: September 27, 2021
    JOURNAL OPEN ACCESS
    The purpose of this study is to clarify the relation between HEIB and sexual difference, a woman's experience of marriage and her sense of living. Case studies including questionnaires and interviews were conducted on 24 memberes of Japan HEIB' The results are as follows: 1. Women have the sharper sense of living than men. This is due to individual ability and sensitivity rahter than sexual difference. 2. Women are in general more competent for HEIB than men, but men are as competent as women if they have the excellent ability and humanity. 3. The sense of living is sharpened by marriage and/or childcare. 4. Married persons are more favorably inclined toward HEIB than unlnarried persons, but not always: faculty and human character count. 5. The sharp sense of living is brought about by the firm awarenes of living organism. We shoud grasp the concept of living organism on the level of total humanity.
    Download PDF (5186K)
  • Misako Nakama, Reiko Tamura
    1993 Volume 13 Pages 117-133
    Published: 1993
    Released: September 27, 2021
    JOURNAL OPEN ACCESS
    This paper aims to clarify the way how housewives deal with information on everyday life. Questionaires were sent to 300 housewives, who were members of Hiroshima consumers'cooperative society. 130 members replied. The results were as follows: 1. Information on domestic duties was required most. 2. Contacting through personal media accounts for 46.3% of the total time for gathering information. 3. The new media was seldom used, but it was expected to be used for health care. 4. Housewives did not organize information well enough, but they expected to organize it by machines. 5. Young housewives out of employment had a positive response dealing with information on everday life.
    Download PDF (5398K)
  • 一―A Study on Care Labeling of Textile Goods,fronl the Point of Consumer Education――
    Setsuko Mizutani, Himko Yamada, Yoko Tozuka
    1993 Volume 13 Pages 135-155
    Published: 1993
    Released: September 27, 2021
    JOURNAL OPEN ACCESS
    We recently have more reports about trouble concerning treatment of clothes which may be caused by change of social conditions, technological innovation and oversupply of information. Labeling is useful information for consumers so that they can judge the quality of clothes and can use them safely. Regarding this, we did research in various areas including manufacturers marketing and came to a conclusion that further promotion of consumer education is essential by all parties concerned. From this point, we propose as follows: 1) Administrators should make concrete and updated information activities including proper instructions. 2) Private companies should introduce an accurate and simple labeling. 3) Consumers should learn scientific knowledge and should train themselves to use proper judgment. Besides, international agreement under the promulgation of international standard (ISO 3758) is urgently required.
    Download PDF (7262K)
  • - A Comparative Analysis on Clothing Life of the Aged -
    Masayo Nakatani
    1993 Volume 13 Pages 157-180
    Published: 1993
    Released: September 27, 2021
    JOURNAL OPEN ACCESS
    At present we live in a society where food and clothing are in saturation, while the aged people have experienced both the shortage and abundance of materials during their life time.Consciousness of the aged on cloting and their concern toward resources and environment were investigated from the viewpoint of the lifestyle of the aged. Here, the following results obtained are reported. As cloting is not directly related to health, etc., it is not thought to be important. However, various types of clothes are available now and the fashion extends to all generations, which causes various modern problems. It is very important for us to find out by ourselves how to arrange our wardrobe, and what to do with our clothes. The relation of home life with environment is becoming closer, and we consumers are required to take responsibility with regard to cloting. Ordinary behavior in home life is highly related to the effective application of resources and environmental preservation.The aged are also responsible. Education of consumers including the aged is necessary.
    Download PDF (7514K)
  • Reiko Kawada, Kiyoko Sakaguchi, Kuniko Misawa, Yoko Morita, Yuka Kaneh ...
    1993 Volume 13 Pages 181-195
    Published: 1993
    Released: September 27, 2021
    JOURNAL OPEN ACCESS
    We examined the relation between their cautionary labeling and the Labeling Act for Household Utensiles on commercially available detergents and textile goods. For detergents containing noxious substances, strong acid, and strong alkali, the cautions about a degree of danger and the first aid treatment for accident were seemed to be insufficient. Many inappropriate labeling were found in textile goods examined because of the appearance of various newly developed materials including their varieties of processing techniques, and the recent increase in imported clothes. Based on these conditions, we have proposed some definite problems such as `how to use new fabrics',`how to let people know the properties of new textiles', and cleaning methods to improve the way of labelings for modern textile goods.
    Download PDF (4879K)
  • Reiko Kawada, Kiyoko Sakaguchi, Kuniko Misawa, Yoko Morita, Yuka Kaneh ...
    1993 Volume 13 Pages 197-208
    Published: 1993
    Released: September 27, 2021
    JOURNAL OPEN ACCESS
    Now, synthetic polymers make difficult problems for our environment. We examined the plastic caps of shampoo-containers comparing their weights and forms. 73 commercially available articles (56 of ordinary type and 17 of pump-type) were tested. Among the ordinary type, the cap-weights were distributed from 4.2g to 18.69. Generally, heavy caps had an appearent large space indifferent to their function and gave a preference to their designs. Although no marked difference in weight was found among the caps of pump-type, average weight (25.4g) was almost three-times that of the ordinary type and occupied around one-third of total volumes of the containers. Considering these data, we propose 1) the improvement of containers and suppression of excessive change of models for manufacturers,2)wise Selection for consumers, and 3)a facilitation of recycling of plastics by the governments concerned.
    Download PDF (3336K)
  • Kazuo Irie, Kikuko Yamamoto
    1993 Volume 13 Pages 209-222
    Published: 1993
    Released: September 27, 2021
    JOURNAL OPEN ACCESS
    Download PDF (3786K)
  • Mariko Miyakawa
    1993 Volume 13 Pages 223-230
    Published: 1993
    Released: September 27, 2021
    JOURNAL OPEN ACCESS
    Download PDF (2311K)
  • Chieko Muraho
    1993 Volume 13 Pages 231-245
    Published: 1993
    Released: September 27, 2021
    JOURNAL OPEN ACCESS
    Download PDF (4564K)
  • 1993 Volume 13 Pages 0-
    Published: 1993
    Released: September 27, 2021
    JOURNAL OPEN ACCESS
    Download PDF (485K)
  • 1993 Volume 13 Pages 0-
    Published: 1993
    Released: September 27, 2021
    JOURNAL OPEN ACCESS
    Download PDF (246K)
  • 1993 Volume 13 Pages 0-
    Published: 1993
    Released: September 27, 2021
    JOURNAL OPEN ACCESS
    Download PDF (253K)
feedback
Top