Journal of Japan Academy of Consumer Education
Online ISSN : 2436-0929
Print ISSN : 1345-1855
Volume 34
Showing 1-32 articles out of 32 articles from the selected issue
  • Takuo Irokawa
    2014 Volume 34 Pages 1-10
    Published: 2014
    Released: May 01, 2021
    JOURNALS OPEN ACCESS
    This study proposes an innovative method for local consumer division. Using data from Shizuoka Prefecture, a local government consumer evaluation index based on population size was developed. The results indicated that consumer division in Shizuoka Prefecture was at a basic level in many cities and towns, but in some cities and towns standard levels were not met. In many cases local budgets were lower than national levels.
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  • The Practice of Collaboration with Consumer Policies
    Kumi Kamiyama
    2014 Volume 34 Pages 11-20
    Published: 2014
    Released: May 01, 2021
    JOURNALS OPEN ACCESS
    The objective of this research is to marshal the recent trends and educational theories on active learning in higher education, discuss citations in consumer education, report on cases of collaboration with consumer policies as a practice of active learning, analyze the process of the practice, and find issues to be solved. Problem-based / project-based learning which collaborated with consumer policies was considered as higher active learning for students. In addition, it was voluntary commitment to the establishment of Consumer Citizenship Society, and significant for students.
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  • Directions for Liberal Arts Education for Sustainable Societies
    Makiko Hashinaga, Takao Nishimura
    2014 Volume 34 Pages 21-32
    Published: 2014
    Released: May 01, 2021
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    This study investigated how financial literacy education, through the development of suitable liberal arts programs, could increase college students’ awareness regarding the significance of contributing to sustainable societies. The study discussed trends in financial behavior and levels of financial literacy, as well as discussing consumer citizenship by assessing attributes, previous financial education and financial literacy. The results indicated that respondents tend to pay bills on time, but are not accustomed to prioritizing the management of each billing cycle with a long-range focus. The respondents scored low in understanding the effects of inflation and income tax. Also, female students, students living alone, and students with work experience indicated lower levels of understanding for become consumer citizens.
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  • An Analysis of Survey Results for Participants in a Financial Education Course
    Hiroko Kamata, Junko Kawabe, Kyoko Ono
    2014 Volume 34 Pages 33-42
    Published: 2014
    Released: May 01, 2021
    JOURNALS OPEN ACCESS
    Pre and post surveys were administered to 123 students participating in a financial education course for the 2013 academic at the Hokkaido University of Education. The course is designed to train teachers who will be able to teach financial education. The purpose of the surveys was to determine changes in student attitudes towards financial education. The results of the surveys indicated that student attitudes changed significantly during the course regarding important aspects of financial education, the proper time to start financial education, and topics that can be taught.
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  • A Survey of Attitudinal Change among University Students
    Kumi Tamura, Setsuko Mizutani
    2014 Volume 34 Pages 43-52
    Published: 2014
    Released: May 01, 2021
    JOURNALS OPEN ACCESS
    This research focuses on how university students’ thinking related to medical consumer responsibility and action changes through studying medical consumer theory. The students in this study consist of two groups. The first group participated in a series of fifteen lectures entitled “Medical consumer Theory” in the first semester of 2013, the second did not. A before and after questionnaire was given to the two groups and the results compared. The questionnaire consisted of 25 questions related to medical consumer responsibility and action and was designed to gauge levels of awareness and whether participants acted based on that awareness. Results showed that in six of the twenty-five questions students taking the course had already taken action on medical consumer issues before attending the course. In fourteen of the remaining nineteen questions, awareness had increased in the group taking the course and there was a movement from basic awareness to action. Furthermore, there was a statistically significant difference between scores in twelve items when comparing both groups of students. These results suggest studying medical consumer theory could support consumers’ independence in this important sector. Therefore, the researcher intends to use existing course materials to develop a systematic model designed to raise awareness of medical consumer responsibility and action among the general public.
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  • Kiyomi Arai
    2014 Volume 34 Pages 53-62
    Published: 2014
    Released: May 01, 2021
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    The purpose of the present study was to propose effective teaching practices for nurturing citizenship in Home Economics Classes. Thirty-five senior high school students watched the films “Food, Inc.” and “Black Gold” in a Home Economics class and recorded their thoughts about the films. After verifying differences in the student responses, four categories were determined which were then assigned points: recognition of issues was assigned four points, understanding of relationships three points, comprehension two points, and emotional responses one point. The average for “Food, Inc.” was 2.1 points, and the average for “Black Gold” was 2.4 points: t (34) = 1.92, p <0.01. By comparing lesson plans that presented criterion referenced evaluations for the different viewpoints, the results indicated differences in the lesson plans for watching “Food, Inc.” and “Black Gold”. These differences included student interest, willingness, and attitude towards Home Economics, as well as life skills.
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  • The Development of Learning in Senior High School Home Economics Education
    Akiko Nagahara
    2014 Volume 34 Pages 63-72
    Published: 2014
    Released: May 01, 2021
    JOURNALS OPEN ACCESS
    The need to form a welfare society for the elderly to live easily was presented in the previous paper “Theory of the course program of consumer education in senior high school home economics education for the theme of the elderly welfare based on the framework.” Taking this into account, a model course of 13 hours has been designed, through this teaching practice and evaluation, issued subjects and effectiveness of the teaching and learning effect of students. 1. Interest in learning was enhanced as well as attitude to tackle the ambitious tasks was observed. In addition, the quest to continue to resolve the problem of aged consumers at the same time deepens, and solutions can be found. Strong desire towards problem solving was observed. 2. More than 60% of course content was understood. The academic content that they learned knowledge and ideas such as “Consumer field,” “consumer problems of the elderly,” “welfare,” “corporate sector” “Status of the elderly.” It was in order to “creation of welfare society.” 3. Exploring the cause from what you have learned as an individual, as a member of the family, a member of the local community, consumer citizenship, the ability to take action and to use practical skills for problem-solving was nurtured. 4. Means for those who expressed “Difficult” or “Not Interested” in the course content is the subject in the future.
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  • Motohiro Hasegawa, Akiko Ueno, Yosuke Araya
    2014 Volume 34 Pages 73-84
    Published: 2014
    Released: May 01, 2021
    JOURNALS OPEN ACCESS
    Recent research has investigated the increasing usage of online shopping by young people, and the necessity for providing consumer education about online shopping. However, it can be said that enough research has not been conducted to understand high school students’ attitudes and awareness of safe practices for online shopping. This study assessed high school students’ current usage of online shopping and examined how simulation-learning materials could affect attitudes and awareness towards safe practices for online shopping. It was found that students used their parents’ credit cards and shopped without parental supervision. The results also indicated that simulation-learning materials were more effective for junior high school students than for senior high school students.
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  • A Proposal for Learning Contents and Instructional Methods
    Mie Komaki, Miki Tajitsu, Yurika Furukawa
    2014 Volume 34 Pages 85-94
    Published: 2014
    Released: May 01, 2021
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    Documents were developed which connect learning contents for teachers, and teaching materials for junior high students were written. Using these, we made lesson plans for high school civics classes. Trial lessons were carried out by us and 3 high school civics teachers who conducted classes each. Learning effects were investigated and 5 teachers were interviewed. Based on the results, it is suggested that the legal profession should take part in the development of learning contents and instructional methods, and should become involved in educational policy proposals.
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  • Asako Sato, Kikuko Yamamoto
    2014 Volume 34 Pages 95-104
    Published: 2014
    Released: May 01, 2021
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    Caution marks and accompanying notes were extracted from 22 junior high school technology and home economics textbooks from three different publishers in order to compare shapes, colors, and verbal expressions by publication year, school type, and publisher. The results indicated that caution marks and notes varied from textbook to textbook, and that there was no uniformity among the different school types or publishers. In order to emphasize the ideas of safety and caution, and effectively alert students, it is suggested that general caution marks be standardized and that uniform guidelines on caution marks be used in textbooks.
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  • from a Consumer Education Perspective
    Koichi Hirota, Yumiko Ono, Shigeru Saito
    2014 Volume 34 Pages 105-114
    Published: 2014
    Released: May 01, 2021
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    Intellectual Property Education (IPE) involves the teaching of legal systems, morals, and intellectual property systems. This study investigated IPE lessons in elementary schools based on an analysis of a questionnaire conducted before and after lessons. The study also investigated the relationships between IPE and Consumer Education (CE). The study reports problems related to the Image Map issued by the Consumer Affairs Agency. IPE contributes to the development of consumer civil society, especially in the area of information and media, as shown in the Image Map. IPE does not cause consumers to become victims nor aggressors; rather, consumers become more sensitive in terms of information and morals.
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  • : Analysis of Textbooks
    Ai Hori, Chikako Nakamori
    2014 Volume 34 Pages 115-124
    Published: 2014
    Released: May 01, 2021
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    This paper looks at consumer education within Taiwan’s compulsory education system, analyzing textbook content from the perspectives of (1) Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) and (2) compulsory education itself. It analyzes a total of 100 volumes published by two companies in three Taiwanese school subjects in the compulsory curriculum that are defined as addressing consumer education. The research revealed that Taiwanese students were aware of being “global citizens” attempting to create “sustainable societies” from a relatively early age (the third grade of elementary school). However, there were issues with some of the most basic consumer education topics; namely, consumer rights and responsibilities, decision-making, and critical thinking. Heavy biases were also discovered in the descriptive content depending on the textbook publisher.
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  • Aika Tamura
    2014 Volume 34 Pages 125-133
    Published: 2014
    Released: May 01, 2021
    JOURNALS OPEN ACCESS
    The purpose of this study was to clarify the modalities of counseling support for life- rebuilding of over-indebted debtors through the re-analysis of existing research. The results indicated that with counseling support debtors were successful in rebuilding their lives, developing values, managing family budgets, improving family relationships, and increasing independence and confidence. The study suggests that effective modalities should address the specific conditions of over-indebted debtors to affect changes in the five areas reported.
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  • Consumer Awareness of Product Safety Information and Product Recalls
    Takehiko Koshiyama
    2014 Volume 34 Pages 135-144
    Published: 2014
    Released: May 01, 2021
    JOURNALS OPEN ACCESS
    This research attempts to clarify consumer attitudes regarding product safety information required by the Consumer Education Promotion Law enacted in 2012. Consumer education is effective for interested consumers, however, it is important to ascertain how interest in product safety for indifferent consumers can be increased. This study analyzed consumer attitudes regarding product recall information. A questionnaire was administered to 120 college students and 651 general consumers. Awareness and acknowledgment of product recalls did not occur in approximately 25% of the cases. Moreover, independent assessment of product safety was reported by approximately 20% of the respondents. These results should be taken into account when providing information about product safety.
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  • Achievements and Tasks of Material Development
    Minako Yoshii, Taeko Shigenobu-Kishimoto, Kumiko Ohmoto
    2014 Volume 34 Pages 145-154
    Published: 2014
    Released: May 01, 2021
    JOURNALS OPEN ACCESS
    In order to teach consumer education systematically the necessity of material development for comprehensive learning had been pointed out. We created the material for comprehensive learning for clothing and the effect was examined, in addition to the material in dietary habit area (Yoshii 2012). The material used in this research was “clothes shopping game” which was designed based on picture board game. In the game that the players aim goal by picking various cards and following instructions with a discussion in a group, students were able to train the ability of consumer life systematically. Subject was students from 2 universities. The result showed score improvement in all regional targets, and the level of satisfaction among the students was high as well.
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  • A Protocol Analysis of Students’ Group Discussions Using Receipt Profiling Materials
    Yoshio Maeda, Keiko Kawaguchi
    2014 Volume 34 Pages 155-164
    Published: 2014
    Released: May 01, 2021
    JOURNALS OPEN ACCESS
    Receipt profiling materials are used to foster critical thinking skills among learners. This paper analyzes learner comments in a classroom in which these teaching materials were used. Spoken content was transcribed and organized for qualitative analysis. Factors such as relationships between imparted viewpoints and speech, participant rearrangement, and information transmission were ascertained, and the effectiveness of these teaching materials was investigated. The results indicated that it is possible to continually hold lively discussions using the method of imparted viewpoints and rearranging the participants. It was also established that spoken content was affected by information transmission. The results confirmed the effectiveness of receipt profiling as a teaching material for fostering critical thinking.
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  • A Comparison of Awareness Studies Among High School Students and Guardians, and Requests by Guardians
    Yumiko Tanaka
    2014 Volume 34 Pages 165-174
    Published: 2014
    Released: May 01, 2021
    JOURNALS OPEN ACCESS
    This research investigated the content of consumer education that reflects actual lifestyles. To this end, awareness surveys were administered to high school students and their guardians. Results indicated that the guardians lacked comprehension of new laws and information. In addition, most had vague or mistaken understandings of the content of laws and systems. The guardians, according to the survey results, indicated a desire for their dependents to undergo general consumer education that would also include financial education with a focus on social insurance. The guardians expressed significant interest in consumer and financial education to be taught during high school. The study concludes that the interests and concerns of guardians must be understood as social demands, and must be applied to educational content and teaching methods.
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  • Contract and Cooling-off System
    Chiho Oyabu
    2014 Volume 34 Pages 175-183
    Published: 2014
    Released: May 01, 2021
    JOURNALS OPEN ACCESS
    This research investigated the relationship between information related activities and developmental processes. The study involved 261 students who participated in lessons about contracts and the cooling-off system. The students were classified into three groups according to their responses to the information related activities, and the results were then analyzed to identify developmental processes. The results indicated that students who were highly ranked in terms of the information related activities were better able to analyze the contents of lessons, and more effective at communicating their understanding than lower ranked students. This indicated higher levels of developmental processes. Students, who were ranked lower according to the information related activities, demonstrated limited abilities in analyzing the contents of lessons and communicating their understanding. The results suggest that information related activities and student developmental process are closely related, and confirm the results of the previous preliminary study. demands, and must be applied to educational content and teaching methods.
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  • Akiko Ueno, Motohiro Hasegawa, Yosuke Araya
    2014 Volume 34 Pages 185-194
    Published: 2014
    Released: May 01, 2021
    JOURNALS OPEN ACCESS
    As cell phone and Internet users increase among junior and senior high schoolers, there has been a corresponding increase in problems with online shopping. Home economics education takes a main role of consumer education for those young people at school. Therefore, a text analysis was conducted of junior and senior high school home economics textbooks for online shopping. As a result, the online shopping content written in the textbooks is not offering enough skills and guidance to use online shopping safely. As necessary learning content is increasing, an agenda can be to gradually classify the content by school stages.
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  • : Survey Results from Elementary School Teachers
    Yoshie Ishikawa
    2014 Volume 34 Pages 195-204
    Published: 2014
    Released: May 01, 2021
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    The results of a consumer education questionnaire administered to elementary school teachers indicated low interest in consumer education topics. In response, it is suggested that a framework for consumer education curriculum be developed, and that teachers should be allowed to select appropriate teaching materials. This is especially important in light of the fact that elementary school students have limited exposure to consumer education.
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  • : Environmental and Monetary Education (2) An Analysis of these Practices
    Masayuki Okuda, Chiho Oyabu
    2014 Volume 34 Pages 205-212
    Published: 2014
    Released: May 01, 2021
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    This research focuses on the relationship between information-related activities and developmental processes. We applied this theory to 40 students through environmental and monetary lessons which include six perspectives at elementary school. The students were classified into three groups according to information-related activities. We analyzed these groups by the quality of writings in the worksheets which students produced before and during the lessons and compared them with the developmental processes of the students. The result indicated that they can use their own words to summarize teacher’s explanation. Among the group of high information-related activity, more than half of the students show the growth of developmental processes through lessons. These results also indicated that information- related activities influence maturational processes and student achievement levels.
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  • : An Ordered Probit Model Study
    Taro Oishi
    2014 Volume 34 Pages 213-224
    Published: 2014
    Released: May 01, 2021
    JOURNALS OPEN ACCESS
    By using Internet survey data, this paper analyzed how values such as shame and guilt affect the consumption patterns of Japanese consumers. The results indicated that both shame and guilt were significant predictors of environment friendly buying patterns when controlling for individual attributions and access to information. In particular, stimulating feelings of shame is an effective tool for affecting consumer responses to environment friendly labels. It is suggested that consumer education in Japan should attempt to create attitudes and responses towards food labels that are similar to those in Europe and the United States.
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  • Michie Moriyama
    2014 Volume 34 Pages 225-234
    Published: 2014
    Released: May 01, 2021
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    Health foods have become one of the most attractive items for global consumers than ever. However, most consumers purchasing those foods appear to have no precise knowledge about them, especially the actual efficacies and the effective ingredients of the respective foods labeled as “Food with health claims”, “Food for specified health uses”, or “Food with nutrient function claims”. Consumers who do not possess sufficient knowledge of nutrition tend to purchase such items based solely on labeling. High school textbooks for domestic science devote only a few spaces to describe “Food with health claims”. The study suggests that increased attention should be paid to the issue of food and health claims.
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  • Takao Nishimura
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    Released: May 01, 2021
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    Released: May 14, 2021
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    Released: May 14, 2021
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    Released: May 14, 2021
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  • 2014 Volume 34 Pages 999-
    Published: 2014
    Released: May 14, 2021
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