科学哲学
Online ISSN : 1883-6461
Print ISSN : 0289-3428
ISSN-L : 0289-3428
最新号
「心を測る―社会心理学と哲学―」
選択された号の論文の23件中1~23を表示しています
表紙
特集 依頼論文
  • 太田 紘史, 谷辺 哲史
    2022 年 54 巻 2 号 p. 3-26
    発行日: 2022/03/31
    公開日: 2022/03/31
    ジャーナル フリー

        There is an emerging experimental trend in bioethics and neuroethics. We briefly review several topics in this trend and discuss how the existing and future studies can have normative implications related to bioethical/neuroethical issues. Particularly, we consider three major ways to draw such implications; (1) contributing to conceptual analysis and philosophical (counter-)evidence, (2) figuring out the unreliability of moral thinking and thereby providing a debunking argument, and (3) estimating the feasibility of ethical norms and policies.

  • ―危機は克服されたのか,克服され得るのか―
    平石 界, 中村 大輝
    2022 年 54 巻 2 号 p. 27-50
    発行日: 2022/03/31
    公開日: 2022/03/31
    ジャーナル フリー

        It has been almost ten years since Bem published the psi study in a prestigious social psychology journal, which ignited the replicability crisis in psychology. Since then, drastic and systematic changes in research practices have been proposed and implemented in the field. After a decade of such controversy and reformation, what is the current status of psychology? We provide an overview of the 10 years of credibility revolution in psychology by taking the perspectives of “researcher's degree of freedom” and “specification space.” Based on the view, we propose possible future directions for psychology to proceed as a scientific discipline.

自由応募論文
  • 谷川 卓
    2022 年 54 巻 2 号 p. 51-70
    発行日: 2022/03/31
    公開日: 2022/03/31
    ジャーナル フリー

        In this paper, I show what philosophical topics we should examine in order to answer the question “Do holes exist?” First, I point out that the meaning of “concreate” is to be clarified in order to explicate the ontological status of holes. Then, I argue ontological problems of holes in relation to property theory and space-time theory. In my opinion, the ontology of holes should be approached in relation to space-time theory. But in that case, some distinctive features of holes we ordinarily acknowledge might be lost.

  • 山下 智弘
    2022 年 54 巻 2 号 p. 71-91
    発行日: 2022/03/31
    公開日: 2022/03/31
    ジャーナル フリー

        This paper aims to defend McDowellʼs disjunctivism about perception from misunderstanding, to explain it in more detail, and to point out his own error. In section 1, I summarize disjunctivism and show that the common objection to it is based on a misunderstanding. Section 2 describes ideas that are useful in avoiding misunderstandings and then provides an argument for disjunctivism based on these ideas that are applicable not only to perceptual knowledge but to knowledge in general. In section 3, I explain how the content of section 2 is incompatible with McDowellʼs conception, and that McDowell misunderstands the nature of perception and thought. My conclusion is that perception is thinking.

サーヴェイ論文
  • 小田 拓弥
    2022 年 54 巻 2 号 p. 93-111
    発行日: 2022/03/30
    公開日: 2022/03/31
    ジャーナル フリー

        In recent years, David Plunkett and Tim Sundell have developed views on metalinguistic negotiations. A metalinguistic negotiation is a dispute where both parties use (rather than mention) a term to express a view about what the term should mean. Plunkett, Sundell, and others have presented philosophical views with the assumption that there are metalinguistic negotiations. For example, they consider that some (or many) philosophical disputes are metalinguistic negotiations and that contextualists about predicates of personal taste can defend their view by invoking the notion of metalinguistic negotiations. Moreover, the linguistic mechanism of metalinguistic usages is tried to explain by dynamic semantics and Gricean pragmatics.

研究ノート
若手研究助成成果報告書
  • 横路 佳幸
    2022 年 54 巻 2 号 p. 119-138
    発行日: 2022/03/31
    公開日: 2022/03/31
    ジャーナル フリー

        In this paper, I will present a way to reorganize constitutionalism,one of the major metaphysical positions on cases of spatially coincident things such as a bronze statue and the lump of bronze from which it is formed. After an overview of constitutionalism and its problems, I will construct a hylomorphist theory to revise the relation of constitution from two independent perspective of the metaphysical grounding concerning forms and matters and the mutual parthood of coincidents. It is only a sketch of basic ideas, but it would contribute to a new basis not only for a full explanation of the mechanism of constitution and but also for an ontology of bodies and persons.

書評
2021年度石本賞選考結果報告
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