SEISAN KENKYU
Online ISSN : 1881-2058
Print ISSN : 0037-105X
ISSN-L : 0037-105X
Volume 72 , Issue 5
Showing 1-10 articles out of 10 articles from the selected issue
Introduction to Special Section
  • Riina TOYA
    Type: Introduction to Special Section
    2020 Volume 72 Issue 5 Pages 337-339
    Published: September 01, 2020
    Released: October 13, 2020
    JOURNAL FREE ACCESS

    With the cooperation of IIS and alumni of the University of Tokyo EMP program, the “Culture X Engineering” research group began meeting in 2019. The group’s discussions provided IIS with good opportunities to think about the relationship between culture and engineering, and as the group became more active, the “Humanities and Engineering Cultural Research Group” was created in April 2020. This special edition begins with an article that identifies three points related to the characteristics and future prospects of the group’s activities: 1) Cross-disciplinary developments focused on “culture” (“creating a space”); 2) Encouraging professionals to participate (“the space’s characteristics”); and 3) Normalizing the fusion of humanities and science, and developments in individual projects (“developing the space”).

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Perspective
  • Tomonari YASHIRO
    Type: Perspective
    2020 Volume 72 Issue 5 Pages 341-344
    Published: September 01, 2020
    Released: October 13, 2020
    JOURNAL FREE ACCESS

    The process of defining something useful, as a premise of deployment of engineering, is not value-neutral but value-dependent. This article discusses on how ambiguousness of the depending norm could be problematic for healthy technology development and its dissemination. It suggests the design thinking process, where the proposal of design solution and critics by stakeholders are repeated until an acceptable set of design solution is available, could mitigate ill-structured/wicked problems. Tacit norm behind the critics could turn out to be explicit in this iteral processes.

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  • Kazuyuki ISHII
    Type: Perspective
    2020 Volume 72 Issue 5 Pages 345-347
    Published: September 01, 2020
    Released: October 13, 2020
    JOURNAL FREE ACCESS

    Research Group on Culturally-Informed Engineering provides nice opportunities to obtain the overview of complex, comprehensive social problems for Institute of Industrial Science, The University of Tokyo. This will allow us to develop the science and technology that contributes to the era of the 10 billion, middle class, and aging people in the future.

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  • Kotaro IMAI
    Type: Perspective
    2020 Volume 72 Issue 5 Pages 349-353
    Published: September 01, 2020
    Released: October 13, 2020
    JOURNAL FREE ACCESS

    Lifestyle is a culture with a social dimension. Through the project, PENTA: Self Built House Prototype with Additive Manufactured Joints, I consider the resolution of lifestyle inconveniences associated with urbanization. PENTA is cheap, easy to assemble and can be made into a resident’s favorite form to revitalize the self-built and nomadic lifestyle lost due to urbanization. That is proposed as a contemporary architectural alternative.

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  • Yoshiyuki KAWAZOE
    Type: Perspective
    2020 Volume 72 Issue 5 Pages 355-357
    Published: September 01, 2020
    Released: October 13, 2020
    JOURNAL FREE ACCESS

    Compared with “beauty” that has been talked about in the field of architecture, the word “KAKKOII” (=cool) has a meaning as an objection to the existing system. As the architectural theory of “KAKKOII”, I discussed about the quantification of the form and the sense, and aim to construct a new architectural theory from the latter. Furthermore, as the purpose of quantification of “KAKKOII”, I pointed out three possibilities: 1) creative discovery of the value of design, 2) a common language in which people can talk about design, and 3) a theory without an architectural theory.

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  • Tsutomu SHIMURA
    Type: Perspective
    2020 Volume 72 Issue 5 Pages 359-361
    Published: September 01, 2020
    Released: October 13, 2020
    JOURNAL FREE ACCESS

    In the engineering, there exist some Japanese words that cannot be translated into English, and these words are used in English as it is. From that, we discussed the relationship between language and culture, industrial products, engineering, and pure science. Note that this article is not academic or literature supported, it is only the presentation of hypotheses. It is a consideration aimed at becoming a trigger for discussion in the future.

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  • Yudai HONMA
    Type: Perspective
    2020 Volume 72 Issue 5 Pages 363-365
    Published: September 01, 2020
    Released: October 13, 2020
    JOURNAL FREE ACCESS

    In mathematical modeling of social systems, it is useful to consider our sense of values that lie behind them. A discussion of their close relationships shows that "humanistic knowledge is also natural for the engineering field," such as the fact that social values are reflected in rules. In analyzing social systems, it is necessary to capture both the essence of human society and its mathematical correctness. For this purpose, we should explore a new possibility of how to integrate the humanities and sciences.

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  • –Collaboration with Humanities–
    Hikari SANDHU, Yukiko T. MATSUNAGA
    Type: Perspective
    2020 Volume 72 Issue 5 Pages 367-370
    Published: September 01, 2020
    Released: October 13, 2020
    JOURNAL FREE ACCESS

    Wellbeing is one of the increasing interests among all researchers. Especially the field of engineering explores the integration of the concept of wellbeing into the field. However, it requires deep understandings of wellbeing itself to attain wellbeing and engineering. This article will describe the definition of wellbeing, and will explain how medicine incorporates medical science and humanities to achieve wellbeing exemplified from the medical education practice and the clinical practice.

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  • Three Challenges and Contributors to Success
    Riina TOYA
    Type: Perspective
    2020 Volume 72 Issue 5 Pages 371-375
    Published: September 01, 2020
    Released: October 13, 2020
    JOURNAL FREE ACCESS

    In this article, the author draws on her own experience to suggest effective methods of blending the humanities and science. After earning a doctoral degree in history and working in the professional world, the author took a position at IIS. Drawing on that experience and adding the perspective of a working professional, the author discusses three problems with current approaches to humanities/science fusion: the lack of producers; the lack of routine; and the lack of a field for developing priorities. The article also analyzes factors that contributed to the University of Tokyo EMP program’s successful implementation of cross-disciplinary methodology.

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Research Flash
  • Moe ADACHI, Hikari TAKAHASHI, Yuri TAKEMURA, Ryutaro MISAWA, Takuya MA ...
    Type: Research Flash
    2020 Volume 72 Issue 5 Pages 377-381
    Published: September 01, 2020
    Released: October 13, 2020
    JOURNAL FREE ACCESS

    A primary study on the effect of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAM), a thermoresponsive polymer, on a water retention concrete pavement was conducted. The concrete material mixed with PNIPAM was expected to effectively store rainwater and decrease the ambient temperature through water vaporization. This mechanism is called the “sprinkling effect.” Water imaging with magnetic resonance imaging and sunlight tests were performed. Thus, the water retention and sprinkling effects of the cement paste mixed with PNIPAM were verified. The compressive strength and freeze–thaw resistance decreased with the addition of PNIPAM, but these properties could be controlled by adjusting the size and quantity of PNIPAM to maintain the sprinkling effect.

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